Jules Gabriel Verne was born on 8 February 1828 in Nantes,Pays de la Loire, France, the first of five children born to SophieHenriette Allotte de la Fuye (d. 1887) and Pierre Verne (1779-1871), attorney. In the busy maritime port city and summersspent on the Loire River, Verne was exposed to the comings andgoings of schooners and ships that sparked his imagination fortravel and adventure. After attending boarding school duringwhich he started to write short stories and poetry, Verne settledin Paris to study law, as his father had done.
While doing so, he spent his free time on theatre andwriting. He wrote many travellers’ stories. Verne met hisfuture wife, Honorine de Viane Morel. They were marriedin 1857. With her encouragement, he wrote more booksand started looking for a publisher. It was around thistime, he met Pierre-Jules Hetzel, one of the mostimportant French publishers of the 19th century. Theyformed an excellent writer-publisher team. Hetzelhelped improve Verne’s writings. Acting on Hetzel’sadvice, Verne added comical accents to his novels andchanged the sad endings into happy ones. Verne’s literary career was launched. In 1863 FiveWeeks in a Balloon and Journeys and Discoveries inAfrica by Three Englishmen was published to wideacclaim, the first of his extraordinary adventures series. Itwas soon followed by Journey to the Centre of the Earth(1864), From the Earth to the Moon (1865), and its sequelAll Around the Moon (1870).
When not living in Amiens, Picardie,France, Verne and his wife spent much timesailing on his ship the Saint-Michel. His ownadventures sailing to myriad ports in theBritish Isles, Portugal, the Netherlands, andthe Mediterranean provided much fodderfor his short and novels. In 1867 he travelledto America. In 1886 Verne’s mentally ill nephewGaston shot him, and thereafter he walkedwith a limp. In 1888 Verne was electedcouncillor of Amiens, a position he servedfaithfully for the next fifteen years. He alsocontinued to travel and write. Afterdeveloping diabetes, Jules Verne died on24 March 1905.
The novel Journey to the Centre of the Earthis about the quest to the centre of the earth.The story begins in Hamburg, Germany in May1862 with Professor Otto Lidenbrock reading abook he had just bought. It was an originalRunic manuscript of an Icelandic saga writtenby a famous Icelander explorer, ArneSaknussemm. After decoding the scrap ofpaper, he decided to undertake the Journeyto the Centre of the Earth that the paper saidwas possible. Brushing aside the concerns of hisnephew, the Professor insisted that Axelaccompany him on the journey.
The main characters are: Professor Otto Lidenbrock Axel LidenbrockThe minor characters are: Gretchen
He was a middle-aged rather eccentric dedicated scientist. He had an intense scientific curiosity. Being of an impatient nature, he was eager to get results in whatever he did. After reading the Runic script, he was determined to make the journey to the centre of the Earth. Once he had decided to do it, he pursued it till it was accomplished. Though headstrong about what he wanted Axel to do, he was also a loving uncle.
He was Professor Lidenbrock’s young nephew. He had a girlfriend by the name of Gretchen. He was a filial nephew to Professor Lidenbrock. At times, he was helpful to his uncle. It was him who found the secret to decode the message in Runic script. Later, he found the message on the back of the paper he was holding. Though he had misgivings about the journey his uncle wanted to embark, his loyalty to made him go with his uncle.
She was the girlfriend of Axel. It was she who encouraged Axel to accompany his uncle on the journey. She trusted Axel enough to know he would marry her on his return.
Setting refers to period or time span of the events places in which events take placeTime span the events happened in the year 1862Places Hamburg
Discovery of book by Arne Saknussemm Professor Lidenbrock told Axel about the book he was reading. It was an original Runic manuscript of an Icelandic saga written by a famous Icelander explorer, Arne Saknussemm. Axel decoded the message in Runic symbols by reading it backwards. He then read the sentences on the back of the paper. They were addressed to a bold traveller. They mentioned about a journey to the centre of the Earth. Professor Lidenbrock decided to undertake the journey to the centre of the earth. He insisted that Axel accompany him on the journey. He decided to leave on the journey immediately.
Themes The theme of the novel (chapter 1) is achieving one’s dream.
Professor Lidenbrock shows that with determination, one can achieve one’s dream. Being a committed scientist, he did anything he could to increase knowledge in science. So when he got an opportunity to do so in making the journey to the centre of the Earth, he seized it immediately. Axel’s doubts and warnings did not deter him.
The vales in the story are :1. perseverance2. optimism3. courage4. commitment and dedication5. loyalty6. trust7. respect
Messages deal with life, its struggle and success man’s problems and solutions what the author wants the readers to learn from the novel
The novel highlights these messages:1. We must be persevering in what we do.2. We must work diligently and conscientiously3. We must be committed to whatever tasks we are pursuing.4. We have to be optimistic and hopeful when facing challenges.5. We must be loyal and respectful to our elders.6. We must be responsible for our actions.7. We must face obstacles and hazards with courage.