Garden design session 3 presentation

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Garden design session 3 presentation

  1. 1. Introduction to Garden Planning and Design Session 3 – Garden Planning. Principles of Design
  2. 2. Learning objectives1.1 Describe the relevance of garden planning principles to the production of a garden design that ‘works’, - one that follows accepted ‘rules’ or ‘conventions’, and which is pleasing to the eye1.2 State the meaning of the following terms: symmetry; asymmetry; balance; colour; focal points1.3 Describe how to achieve unity in the overall layout through rhythm, balance, proportion, scale, colour, texture and form.1.4 State the importance of shape and line in garden design.1.5 State the importance of vertical elements in a design and name four useful vertical elements.1.6 Describe the difference between formality and informality in garden design.1.7 Describe the main characteristics of a modern minimalist garden, a landscape garden and a cottage garden.
  3. 3. Principles of garden design The main aim is to achieve unity (harmony) in the design. The garden should look like it ‘belongs’ with the house and the wider environment. It should be an enjoyable space to be in – whether designed for excitement or calm contemplation. It should look as though each element was ‘meant’ to be where it is. The simpler the design the more effective it is likely to be.
  4. 4. Is your garden well balanced? Balance can be achieved through symmetry – repeating the same feature on either side of a dividing line. This is used in formal gardens Or through balancing volumes or shapes on opposing sides of the garden (but with less attention to the strict centre line of a space). This is used in informal gardens
  5. 5. Scale and proportion It is important to keep the features in the garden to a human scale and in proportion to each other. Paths need to be wide enough and spaces large enough for people to move about freely. For example very tall planting in a small garden could make the space feel very claustrophobic. A tall tree with only short planting in the rest of the garden may look out of place.
  6. 6. Has your design got rhythm? Rhythm refers to the effect of repeating design features or effects regularly to give the whole a unified feel. Use of long lines punctuated with uprights or green colours punctuated with bright colours can give rhythm to a design. Formal gardens may use the same feature repeated to give rhythm; informal gardens perhaps the same shape but in a different material or colour.
  7. 7. An example of rhythm in a formaldesign
  8. 8. Colour in design ‘Hot’ colours advance – they seem closer than they are ‘Cool’ colours recede – they seem further away. Harmonious colours create a peaceful, calm feeling. Contrasting colours create more excitement.
  9. 9. The colour wheel Complementar y or contrasting colours are opposite each other on the wheel Harmonious colours are next to each other
  10. 10. Texture in garden design Textures refer to the feel of a surface and how it looks. So a shiny leaf and a matt leaf may feel the same but have contrasting visual ‘textures’. Texture can come from hard landscaping materials, planting, water (still or flowing), buildings etc. Keeping the number of different textures in the garden limited keeps the design simple and promotes unity
  11. 11. Foliage texture Almost an object lesson in how not to plan planting (can you see why?), this picture does show how plant leaves have very different textures.
  12. 12. Shape and line Strong shapes work best – circles, rectangles, squares or triangles. Organise the design around linked strong shapes (even if they will not be obvious once the garden is completed). Avoid wiggly edges – large curves are sections of a circle or an ellipse. Flowing lines give a sense of movement; angles in lines make the eye pause.
  13. 13. Formal and informal gardensFormal Garden Informal gardenFollows a strict symmetry Not necessarily symmetrical at all – though balance is still importantStrong shapes in planting and Planting is loose and featuresformal features – topiary and are quirky or casual.monumental sculptureOften public or semi-public Private and personal spaces.spacesStructure of design is clear and It may not, at first glance, lookapparent e.g. knot gardens. deliberately ‘designed’ at all.
  14. 14. Formal and informal garden featuresFormal garden features Informal garden featuresRepresentational statutes; Abstract statutes or use ofdressed stone walls, clean feature stones etc, rusticlines fences or archesBox (Buxus sempervirens) Wild or native hedgingor other clipped hedges (Cratageus monogyna)Straight stone lined water Wildlife ponds or streamsfeatures, formal fountains
  15. 15. Formal Garden in Italianate Style
  16. 16. Informal Garden in Cottage Style The loose planting and lack of obvious symmetry give this garden a pleasing relaxed feel. The white fence and the white flowers help to unite the design.
  17. 17. Styles of garden design Design styles are sets of design features that create a distinct vocabulary – for example fountains, statutes, ballustraded stairs, olive or orange trees and clipped hedges are features of an Italianate garden (like Mount Edgecumbe in the earlier slide). Design styles reflect different cultures e.g. Japanese gardens as compared with European gardens like Mount Edgecumbe. There are many design styles and the rules are there to be broken, once they are understood.
  18. 18. Learning outcomes1.1 Describe the relevance of garden planning principles to the production of a garden design that ‘works’, - one that follows accepted ‘rules’ or ‘conventions’, and which is pleasing to the eye1.2 State the meaning of the following terms: symmetry; asymmetry; balance; colour; focal points1.3 Describe how to achieve unity in the overall layout through rhythm, balance, proportion, scale, colour, texture and form.1.4 State the importance of shape and line in garden design.1.5 State the importance of vertical elements in a design and name four useful vertical elements.1.6 Describe the difference between formality and informality in garden design.1.7 Describe the main characteristics of a modern minimalist garden, a landscape garden and a cottage garden.

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