National costumes


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

National costumes

  1. 1. National costumesNational costumes (Russia, Austria, Finland)(Russia, Austria, Finland)
  2. 2. Russian costumeRussian costume (VI-XVII centuries)(VI-XVII centuries) A long shirt was the main article of nationalA long shirt was the main article of national costume for men and women. It wascostume for men and women. It was made of white homespun fabric andmade of white homespun fabric and expensive colorful one with ornamentsexpensive colorful one with ornaments for rich people.for rich people. A shirt was belt by a cord or leather beltA shirt was belt by a cord or leather belt with different brushes at the ends.with different brushes at the ends. ThereThere were not any pockets, so peoplewere not any pockets, so people suspended different things like knives,suspended different things like knives, purses and combs on these belts.purses and combs on these belts. Sleeves, collars and hems wereSleeves, collars and hems were embroidered by the beautiful ornaments.embroidered by the beautiful ornaments. Later women began to wear sarafansLater women began to wear sarafans (sundress) with aprons and wreathes.(sundress) with aprons and wreathes.
  3. 3. Russian costumeRussian costume The red colour was theThe red colour was the most festive. Themost festive. The women’s sarafanswomen’s sarafans (sundresses) were(sundresses) were decorated with gold anddecorated with gold and silver threads andsilver threads and ornaments.ornaments. Also nationalAlso national clothes were functionallyclothes were functionally different: festal, everyday,different: festal, everyday, wedding, funereal, age,wedding, funereal, age, family status.
  4. 4. Russian costumeRussian costume KokoshnikKokoshnik isis traditional Russiantraditional Russian women and girlswomen and girls headdressheaddress.. It isIt is patterned to match thepatterned to match the style of sarafanstyle of sarafan.. TheThe forehead is sometimesforehead is sometimes decorated with pearls.decorated with pearls. The woman or the girlThe woman or the girl usually wears her hairusually wears her hair in a a plait.
  5. 5. National Russian shoesNational Russian shoes LaptiLapti—— is national Russian national Russian footwear. They were made of bast (a kind of aThey were made of bast (a kind of a tree). Lapti were tied round the feettree). Lapti were tied round the feet with bast laces.with bast laces.
  6. 6. Russian Peasant CostumeRussian Peasant Costume -- kosovorotkakosovorotka (a(a blouse with sideblouse with side collar fastening)collar fastening) --portiporti (trousers)(trousers) --laptilapti (shoes made(shoes made ofof bast)bast) --zipunzipun (smooth(smooth woolen streetwoolen street clothesclothes))
  7. 7. Russian costumeRussian costume (XVII-XVIII centuries)(XVII-XVIII centuries) After the reforms of Peter I all the nobles hadAfter the reforms of Peter I all the nobles had to wear European dress. The men woreto wear European dress. The men wore European shirts, wigs, silk stockings andEuropean shirts, wigs, silk stockings and shoes on the heels. Women wore stylishshoes on the heels. Women wore stylish french puffed dresses with corsets and curledfrench puffed dresses with corsets and curled
  8. 8. Russian costumeRussian costume (XIX century)(XIX century) In the XIX centuryIn the XIX century “classical” women“classical” women costume took the place.costume took the place. Short light-coloredShort light-colored dresses with puffeddresses with puffed sleeves, shoes on thesleeves, shoes on the heels and a little hat withheels and a little hat with ribbons were in fashion.ribbons were in fashion. The men wore blackThe men wore black whiskers and moustache,whiskers and moustache, english top hat, tail-coatenglish top hat, tail-coat and frock-coat.and frock-coat.
  9. 9. Merchant and his wifeMerchant and his wife
  10. 10. Austrian costumeAustrian costume In Austria people stillIn Austria people still wear their nationalwear their national costume called Trachtcostume called Tracht (or Trachten). It was(or Trachten). It was made of leather ormade of leather or loden (specialloden (special waterproof fabric onwaterproof fabric on wool), flax and cotton.wool), flax and cotton. National costumes wereNational costumes were blue, green and, green and red.
  11. 11. Austrian costumeAustrian costume National costumeNational costume was decorated withwas decorated with embroideryembroidery and ivory buttons.and ivory buttons. Also national clothes variedAlso national clothes varied according to occasion and region, identifying aaccording to occasion and region, identifying a persons belonging to a particular social group andpersons belonging to a particular social group and legal status (married, single), origin or status (married, single), origin or trade.
  12. 12. Austrian costumeAustrian costume GoldhaubeGoldhaube is a gis a goldenolden HeaddressHeaddress,, beautifullybeautifully decorateddecorated,, ddeveloped out ofeveloped out of women´s linen bonnetswomen´s linen bonnets.. These hThese headdresseseaddresses werewere worn by the wives ofworn by the wives of burghers. They wereburghers. They were decorated with black lace,decorated with black lace, black costume beads, tulleblack costume beads, tulle and gauze, and in particularand gauze, and in particular silken and golden threadssilken and golden threads and sequins. As a symbol ofand sequins. As a symbol of the well-to-do bourgeoisie, itthe well-to-do bourgeoisie, it is still worn in Upper (andis still worn in Upper (and parts of Lower) Austria onparts of Lower) Austria on festive occasionsfestive occasions..
  13. 13. In Austria people still enjoyIn Austria people still enjoy wearing 'tracht' on officialwearing 'tracht' on official occasions like weddings,occasions like weddings, festivals, etc.festivals, etc. Contemporary fashionContemporary fashion adapts traditionaladapts traditional elements. The productionelements. The production of dirndl and lederhosen isof dirndl and lederhosen is a thriving economicala thriving economical branch with Sportalm,branch with Sportalm, Geiger or Tostmann beingGeiger or Tostmann being favorite brands.favorite brands. Austrian costume Nowadays. Ethnic.
  14. 14. Ethnic. The national Austrian costume today.Ethnic. The national Austrian costume today. National costume: the main kinds.        Leibkittel (Traegerrock - sarafan) – a narrow bodice with a skirt. Ordinary women wore aprons over the skirts.
  15. 15. Austrian costume Nowadays Collection of modern youth clothes by the Sportalm, which have a base of Austrian national costume. NowadaysNowadays ethics is one the most popular fashion tendency.ethics is one the most popular fashion tendency.
  16. 16. Finnish costumeFinnish costume Finnish folk dress is divided in twoFinnish folk dress is divided in two groups, namely western andgroups, namely western and Karelian, or eastern.Karelian, or eastern. The traditional man's costumeThe traditional man's costume consists of a shirt, long trousers orconsists of a shirt, long trousers or knee breeches, waistcoat, jacket orknee breeches, waistcoat, jacket or coat, hat or cap, neck scarf, sockscoat, hat or cap, neck scarf, socks and shoes.and shoes. The woman's costume consists of aThe woman's costume consists of a smock, skirt, bodice or kirtle, apron,smock, skirt, bodice or kirtle, apron, jacket, headdress, shoes and socks.jacket, headdress, shoes and socks. Typical accessories includeTypical accessories include jewellery, belts, kerchiefs and loosejewellery, belts, kerchiefs and loose pockets.pockets.
  17. 17. Finnish Western costumeFinnish Western costume A distinctive feature ofA distinctive feature of western Finnish folk costumewestern Finnish folk costume waswas aa colourful array ofcolourful array of stripesstripes.. AA cloth wascloth was considered to be a sign ofconsidered to be a sign of wealth.wealth. All of these fineAll of these fine fabrics are now used in thefabrics are now used in the productionproduction of nationalof national costumes.costumes. The traditional woman'sThe traditional woman's costume typically features acostume typically features a long laced bodice, a hiplong laced bodice, a hip length jacket andlength jacket and aa broadbroad striped cloth.striped cloth. Women wear aWomen wear a 'tanu' cloth'tanu' cloth aa cap, acap, a 'tykkimyssy''tykkimyssy' ((silk capsilk cap)), a horn, a horn shaped ca. Girls wear a redshaped ca. Girls wear a red silk headband.
  18. 18. Finnish Karelian costumeFinnish Karelian costume The woollen cloth of KarelianThe woollen cloth of Karelian women's costumes is white,women's costumes is white, black, indigo or red. Karelianblack, indigo or red. Karelian costume is decorated withcostume is decorated with colourful embroidery andcolourful embroidery and traditional lacework. Kareliantraditional lacework. Karelian skirts are often tightly pleatedskirts are often tightly pleated all the way round, Karelianall the way round, Karelian aprons are decorated with aaprons are decorated with a variety of horizontal stripes.variety of horizontal stripes. Married women wear aMarried women wear a headscarf, a 'sorokka'headscarf, a 'sorokka' headdress or linen cap. Girlsheaddress or linen cap. Girls wear a shaped pantedwear a shaped panted headband or a bandheadband or a band decorated with metal studs.decorated with metal studs.
  19. 19. NowadaysNowadays FolowingFolowing the folk tradition, national costume isthe folk tradition, national costume is principally worn as festive attire. It is suitable forprincipally worn as festive attire. It is suitable for any special occasion, and can be worn as weddingany special occasion, and can be worn as wedding attire, at balls, or asattire, at balls, or as aa stage costumstage costume.e. Parts ofParts of national costumes, however, can be combined withnational costumes, however, can be combined with modern clothes.modern clothes.
  20. 20. FursFurs
  21. 21. National costume as a stageNational costume as a stage costume.costume.
  22. 22. Summary upSummary up National costumes preserve a valuableNational costumes preserve a valuable part of folk heritage. They also add apart of folk heritage. They also add a distinctly element to our modern dressdistinctly element to our modern dress culture.culture.