National food security bill 2013


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National food security bill 2013

  1. 1. NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY BILL Presented by:Urvashi Sahu Shubham Singh Vikas Shukla Shailesh Sinsinbar Vishal Singh Yogendra Tyagi Will it make the Dream of a HungerFree India into a Reality?
  2. 2. WHAT IS FOOD SECURITY? WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION FOOD AND AGRICULTURE (WHO) ORGANIZATION (FAO) Food Availability - Having available sufficient quantities of food on a consistent basis Definition - Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food Food Access - Having sufficient to meet their dietary needs and resources, both economic & food preferences for an active and physical, to obtain appropriate foods healthy life for a nutritious diet Food Use - Appropriate use based on knowledge of basic nutrition and care, as well as adequate water and sanitation Components - Availability, Access, and Absorption (nutrition)
  3. 3. What is National Food Security Bill 2013? The Indian National Food Security Bill, 2013 (also Right to Food Bill), was signed into law September 12, 2013.This law aims to provide subsidized food grains to approximately two thirds of India's 1.2 billion people. Under the provisions of the bill, beneficiaries are to be able to purchase 5 kilograms per eligible person per month of cereals at the following prices: • rice at Rs.3 per kg • wheat at Rs.2 per kg • coarse grains (millet) at Re.1 per kg.
  4. 4. FOOD SECURITY NORMS IN INDIA Court affirms the right to food as necessary to uphold Article 21 of the Constitution of India, which guarantees the fundamental right to “life with human dignity” Closed PDS shops to be re-opened within one week Food Corporation of India (FCI) was ordered to prevent wastage States given the responsibility over implementation of schemes Employment Assurance Scheme Mid-day Meal Scheme Integrated Child Development Scheme National Benefit Maternity Scheme for BPL pregnant women National Old Age Pension Scheme - destitute persons over 65 years Annapurna Scheme Antyodaya Anna Yojana National Family Benefit Scheme Public Distribution Scheme for BPL & APL families
  5. 5. Salient Features of the NFSB 2013 1.The states are responsible for determining eligibility; 2.Pregnant women and lactating mothers are entitled to a nutritious "take home ration" of 600 Calories and a maternity benefit of at least Rs 6,000 for six months; 3.Children 6 months to 14 years of age are to receive free hot meals or "take home rations"; 4.The central government will provide funds to states in case of short supplies of food grains; 5.The current food grain allocation of the states will be protected by the central government for at least six months; 6.The state governments will provide a food security allowance to the beneficiaries in case of non-supply of food grains; 7.The Public Distribution System is to be reformed; 8.The eldest woman in the household, 18 years or above, is the head of the household for the issuance of the ration card; 9.There will be state- and district-level redress mechanisms; and 10.State Food Commissions will be formed for implementation and monitoring of the provisions of the Act.
  6. 6. COVERAGE OF TWO THIRD POPULATION • Depending upon economic status of the State, the Act covers upto 75% of the rural population and upto 50% of the urban population • It classifies the eligible households into two categories i.e. Antodaya Anna Yojana families and priority households • Antodaya Anna Yojana families will continue to get 35 kg of foodgrains per month but at highly subsidized prices of Rs. 3, Rs. 2 and Re. 1 per kg. for rice, wheat and coarse grains respectively • Each member of priority households will get 5 kg of foodgrains at the same rates • It entitles about two third of our 1.2 billion population to subsidized foodgrains under the Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS)
  7. 7. Six myths about NFSB 2013 1. The Food Security Bill (FSB) costs 1 percent or 3 percent of India’s GDP, so it is expensive or inexpensive. 2. The FSB will not affect the larger economy – or us – that much. 3. The FSB will cover 67 percent of the population. 4. All we have to do is plug the leakages. 5. Warehousing reforms can fix the rot. 6. We could easily afford the FSB if we just paid more taxes.
  8. 8. Pros of the NFSB 2013  Right to food to become a legal right  The bill provide uniform allocation of 5 kg foodgrain (per person) at fixed rate of Rs. 3 (rice), Rs. 2 (wheat) and Rs. 1 (coarse grains) per kg to 75 per cent of the rural population and 50 per cent of the poor in urban India – about 800 million people.  Continuance of Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY)  Nutritional support to pregnant women without limitation are among other changes proposed in the bill.  For children in the age group of 6 months to 6 years, the Bill guarantees an age-appropriate meal, free of charge, through the local anganwadi.  Endevours to empower woman- The eldest woman in the household shall be entitled to secure food from the PDS for the entire household.  Bill seeks to utilize already existing infrastructures like PDS and aganwadi’s. This has prevented further wastage of money to develop the infrastructures.
  9. 9. Cons of the NFSB 2013  Effect on farmers and producers  How to be implemented?  Failure to define the beneficiaries are some of the shortcomings of the bill.  Division among three groups – priority, general and excluded – and adopting a complex, impractical and politically contentious ‘inclusive’ criteria that too to be provided at later stage.  Not enough resources.  Based on schemes which are itself in trial stages.  Implementing this bill could widen the already swollen budget deficit next year.  Critics say the food bill is little more than an attempt to help Congress, reeling from corruption scandals, win re-election in a vote expected by next May.  Critics argue that eradication of malnutrition needs more than just removal of hunger. Food security is necessary but not sufficient for nutrition security.
  10. 10. UP, Bihar biggest challenge to success of Food Security Bill: Jean Dreze “In Chattisgarh, the dealers compete for licenses and if anyone is found corrupt, license is given to someone else. But in UP, there is no check and there is the monopoly of the distributor. This is a big opportunity for UP.” In Chattisgarh, PDS outlets are managed by community based organisations.
  11. 11. Suggestions  We should have learned lessons from the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (which provides 100 days of work to the poor at 100 rupees a day) and strengthened it to make it more effective to help the very poorest.  Or we could link it to education as they did in Bangladesh where school children and their families were given access to subsidized food.  The bill should have included subsidized rates for pulses which for many of the poorest are their only source of protein .  We need to reduce the leakages from the distribution system and make transparent.  Community based agricultural programs and teaching about sustainable farming shall enhance production in the country. And this in turn would bring down the prices of various essential commodities.
  12. 12. Who said what on NFSB  It is time to send out a big message that India can take responsibility of ensuring food security for all Indians...our goal is to wipe out hunger and malnutrition all over the country: Congress chief Sonia Gandhi.  This is not a food security bill, it is a vote security bill. The government took four years to come up with the food security bill, and I thought it would be an extensive bill: Senior BJP leader Murli Manohar Joshi.  It is clearly being brought for elections ... Why didn't you bring this bill earlier when poor people were dying because of hunger? Every election, you bring up a measure. There is nothing for the poor : SP chief Mulayam Singh.  It would have been a better Bill if my amendments were passed. However, we will improve it when we come to power: Leader of the Opposition in Lok Sabha Sushma Swaraj.
  13. 13. Conclusion The intent of the National Food Security Bill is spelled out in the Lok Sabha committee report, The National Food Security Bill, 2013 , which states, "Food security means availability of sufficient foodgrains to meet the domestic demand as well as access, at the individual level, to adequate quantities of food at affordable prices." The report adds, "The proposed legislation marks a paradigm shift in addressing the problem of food security – from the current welfare approach to a right based approach. About two thirds of the population will be entitled to receive subsidized foodgrains under Targeted Public Distribution System."
  14. 14. THANK YOU