S A N T I A G O C A L AT R AVA
Shubhi Agraw al
Early Life And Education
Born on July 28, 1951 in a town of benimamet, near Valencia, Spain.
From the age of 8, he also attended the arts and crafts school,
At the age of 13 he was an exchange student in France and traveled to study
He earned a degree in architecture and took a post-graduate course in
Being attracted by mathematics, Calatrava decided to pursue post-graduate
studies in civil engineering, so he was enrolled in the federal institute of
technology in Zurich, Switzerland in 1975.
He received his doctorate in 1979, during that period he got married.
Inspiration And Style
human figure and nature’s creativity
Experimentation with materials and their properties
blends impressive visual style and the strict rules of
Symbolic and recognizable the world over for the sense of
movement captured in a stationary object.
long sweeping lines, stark white materials and a flawless
use of glass and light.
Has a definite vision of inside and outside, the concave
and convex, of how we face the specific world
HSB, Turning Torso, Malmo ,Sweden
HSB Turning Torso is one of the tallest residential
buildings in Europe and holds apartments, offices and
The vision of HSB Turning Torso is based on
a sculpture called Twisting Torso by Santiago
Inspiration from the human body in a twisting
BUI LDI NG FACTS
•190 metres high
•Consists of nine cubes with five floors each.
•Together with intermediate floors a total of 54 floors.
•Each floor has 400m² of available space.
•147 apartments from cube three to nine.
•meeting facilities on the two top floors.
•Each floor consists of a square part around the core and a triangular part
which is supported by an external steel structure.
•The entire construction twists 90 degrees on its way up with each floor tilting
by 1.6 degrees
FA C A D E
•facade is a glass and aluminum construction
•2,800 panels and 2,250 windows
•Following the twist of the building, the windows are
leaning either inwards or outwards by 0 to 7 degrees.
R O TAT I O N O F F L O O R S
Forms for the floors were rotated approx. 1.6 degrees
for each floor in order to create the characteristic twist
of the building.
OUTER STEEL AND SUPPORT
•The steel support is a welded construction with a
very thorough paint treatment for optimal protection
•The outer steel support consists of a steel column and
20 horizontal and 18 diagonal ”steel cigars”
•3 lifts service the residential part of the building
and HSB Turning Torso Meetings
•Two separate lifts service the offices :
ensures high capacity and minimum waiting
even during “rush hour” and in the
instances when a lift is closed for
Auditorio de Tenerife, Tenerife, Canary Islands
The Tenerife Auditorium, designed by the architect Santiago Calatrava, falls
within the tenets of late modernist architecture of the end of the century.
Years of construction: 1997-2003
Location: Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain
Land Area: Built on a parcel of 23,000 m², of which the auditorium occupies
Spaces: It is divided into two chambers, the rest are gardens, plazas or
entrances and a parking lot with 260 spaces.
The auditorium has many spaces. Outdoor terraces, open and free towards
Atlantic Ocean or Alisios Square, overlooking the sea or the city.
Materials: The structure is made up of concrete, a huge wave from the base of
the structure ,remains motionless in air and maintains a weight of 3500 tonnes.
The main hall or Symphony has 1616 seats in the
amphitheater and a stage with a width of 16.5 meters
and a depth of 14m. Based on the stage, on both
sides of the courtyard of seats are framed by an
emerging body of tubes.
The body of the design is far from the traditional
concept, trying to be a surround sound source
arranged around the listener.
For Chamber room he produced on a smaller scale
the distribution of the amphitheatre with 422 seats.
In the lobby, which is accessed from two sides of
the building, we can find the press room, a shop and
In its exterior there are two terraces overlooking
two places from which one can see the sea.
The Tenerife Auditorio has two parts sharing
exceptional views: the magical Atlantic
Ocean and the modern city of Tenerife.
The auditorium has many spaces. Outdoor
terraces, open and free towards Atlantic
Ocean or Alisios Square, overlooking the sea
or the city.
An expressive shape that
everyone calls the bird.
The origin of this shape is the
sculpture made by the architect ten
According to Calatrava it did not
represent a bird but an eye.
The Lyon-Satolas Station is the
terminus for the TGV trains
connecting the airport to the city of
Lyon, 30 kilometers to the south.
The almost forty meter tall steel and
concrete structure refers to the
metaphor of an enormous bird with
spread out wings.
“Gateway" formed by a concrete V-shaped
abutment that join the ends of four steel
The center pair of arches follow the line of
the roof to form a spine, the outer curved
beams span over two glazed symmetrical