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Santiago Calatrava


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Santiago Calatrava

  1. 1. S A N T I A G O C A L AT R AVA Shubhi Agraw al 2010uar106
  2. 2. Early Life And Education Born on July 28, 1951 in a town of benimamet, near Valencia, Spain. From the age of 8, he also attended the arts and crafts school, At the age of 13 he was an exchange student in France and traveled to study in Switzerland. He earned a degree in architecture and took a post-graduate course in urbanism. Being attracted by mathematics, Calatrava decided to pursue post-graduate studies in civil engineering, so he was enrolled in the federal institute of technology in Zurich, Switzerland in 1975. He received his doctorate in 1979, during that period he got married.
  3. 3. Inspiration And Style human figure and nature’s creativity Experimentation with materials and their properties blends impressive visual style and the strict rules of engineering Symbolic and recognizable the world over for the sense of movement captured in a stationary object. long sweeping lines, stark white materials and a flawless use of glass and light. Has a definite vision of inside and outside, the concave and convex, of how we face the specific world
  4. 4. HSB, Turning Torso, Malmo ,Sweden HSB Turning Torso is one of the tallest residential buildings in Europe and holds apartments, offices and meeting facilities. The vision of HSB Turning Torso is based on a sculpture called Twisting Torso by Santiago Calatrava himself. Inspiration from the human body in a twisting motion.
  5. 5. C O N C E P T U A L S TA G E S
  6. 6. BUI LDI NG FACTS •190 metres high •Consists of nine cubes with five floors each. •Together with intermediate floors a total of 54 floors. •Each floor has 400m² of available space. •147 apartments from cube three to nine. •meeting facilities on the two top floors. •Each floor consists of a square part around the core and a triangular part which is supported by an external steel structure. •The entire construction twists 90 degrees on its way up with each floor tilting by 1.6 degrees
  10. 10. FA C A D E •facade is a glass and aluminum construction •2,800 panels and 2,250 windows •Following the twist of the building, the windows are leaning either inwards or outwards by 0 to 7 degrees. R O TAT I O N O F F L O O R S Forms for the floors were rotated approx. 1.6 degrees for each floor in order to create the characteristic twist of the building. OUTER STEEL AND SUPPORT •The steel support is a welded construction with a very thorough paint treatment for optimal protection against corrosion. •The outer steel support consists of a steel column and 20 horizontal and 18 diagonal ”steel cigars”
  11. 11. LIFTS •3 lifts service the residential part of the building and HSB Turning Torso Meetings •Two separate lifts service the offices : ensures high capacity and minimum waiting even during “rush hour” and in the instances when a lift is closed for maintenance.
  12. 12. A PA R T M E N T S
  13. 13. Auditorio de Tenerife, Tenerife, Canary Islands
  14. 14. The Tenerife Auditorium, designed by the architect Santiago Calatrava, falls within the tenets of late modernist architecture of the end of the century. Years of construction: 1997-2003 Location: Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain Land Area: Built on a parcel of 23,000 m², of which the auditorium occupies 6471 m². Spaces: It is divided into two chambers, the rest are gardens, plazas or entrances and a parking lot with 260 spaces. The auditorium has many spaces. Outdoor terraces, open and free towards Atlantic Ocean or Alisios Square, overlooking the sea or the city. Materials: The structure is made up of concrete, a huge wave from the base of the structure ,remains motionless in air and maintains a weight of 3500 tonnes.
  15. 15. The main hall or Symphony has 1616 seats in the amphitheater and a stage with a width of 16.5 meters and a depth of 14m. Based on the stage, on both sides of the courtyard of seats are framed by an emerging body of tubes. The body of the design is far from the traditional concept, trying to be a surround sound source arranged around the listener. For Chamber room he produced on a smaller scale the distribution of the amphitheatre with 422 seats.  In the lobby, which is accessed from two sides of the building, we can find the press room, a shop and a cafeteria.  In its exterior there are two terraces overlooking two places from which one can see the sea.
  16. 16. The Tenerife Auditorio has two parts sharing exceptional views: the magical Atlantic Ocean and the modern city of Tenerife. The auditorium has many spaces. Outdoor terraces, open and free towards Atlantic Ocean or Alisios Square, overlooking the sea or the city.
  17. 17. Lyon-Satolas TGV Station
  18. 18. CONCEPT An expressive shape that everyone calls the bird. The origin of this shape is the sculpture made by the architect ten years earlier. According to Calatrava it did not represent a bird but an eye.
  19. 19. The Lyon-Satolas Station is the terminus for the TGV trains connecting the airport to the city of Lyon, 30 kilometers to the south. The almost forty meter tall steel and concrete structure refers to the metaphor of an enormous bird with spread out wings. “Gateway" formed by a concrete V-shaped abutment that join the ends of four steel arches. The center pair of arches follow the line of the roof to form a spine, the outer curved beams span over two glazed symmetrical concourse wings.
  20. 20. Milwaukee arts museum
  21. 21. L’Hemisferic, Valencia Planetarium, IMEX Cinema
  25. 25. THANK YOU