ACCELERATING INNOVATION IN THE
A BIRDSEYE VIEW OF THE INDIAN START-UP ECOSYSTEM
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Purpose of this document
The purpose of this document is to attempt to construct a perspective of Start-up eco-
system in India as it stands today.
Aera Consultancy intends it for use as to understand the current start eco-system in
India. We need to study the requirement for each client on case-to-case basis.
This document has been prepared for informational purpose only. Aera has prepared
this document for the sole purpose of providing information relating to Eco system for
start-up in India. The contents of this document are based on public information own
research and on third party research provided to Aera. No reliance may be placed for
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All statements other than statements of historical facts included in this document, in-
cluding, without limitation, those regarding eco-system of Start-up in India, business
strategy, plans and objectives of this system for future operations (including develop-
ment plans and objectives relating to this system), are forward looking statements.
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and other factors which may cause our actual results, performance or achievements
to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements ex-
pressed or implied by such forward-looking statements.
The Indian ecosystem is still taking early steps along
the arc of building unique homegrown Startup
ecosystem with world best practice embedded in it.
Startup success ratio is still low in India. A lot of this
has to do with the fact that the Indian ecosystem is still
learning. Still a nascent ecosystem where exit patterns
are not deﬁned.
Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) have emerged as the major drivers of
National Development globally. India has declared 2010-20 as the “Decade of In-
novation”. The Govt of India has stressed the need to enunciate a policy to syner-
gize science, technology and innovation. In 2013, Govt of India came up with Sci-
ence, Technology & Innovation Policy, in order to create robust innovation culture
and ecosystem. The Government of India proposes to increase the expenditure in
Innovation R&D to 2% of the GDP. For the development of the Innovation culture in
the country, the policy envisages creation of Conducive eco-system for the ven-
ture capital in the MSME sector with the initial corpus of Rs. 10,000 cr (around
There are various Govt support at State and central level. Few of the successful
3.1 TDB Scheme for Seed Support to Technology Business
Incubators/ Science and Technology Parks
Technology Development Board (TDB), Ministry of Science and Technology,
Government of India is enacted to provide soft ﬁnancing to Indian companies ena-
bling commercialization of their innovations.
1. As a proactive step, TDB has started Seed Support Scheme for technology
start-ups in Technology Business Incubators (TBIs)/ Science and Technology
Parks (STEPs) by providing grant upto Rs. 1 crore each over a period of upto
three years. TDB hereby invites proposals from STEPs/ TBIs/ Institutions having
similar infrastructure and capabilities for grant support for Technology Start ups.
2. STEPs / TBIs may use TDB grants to provide loan and / or equity support to
their in-house incubatees based on transparent policies & procedures. The total
upper ceiling of ﬁnancial assistance to be disbursed to an incubatee is limited to
Rs. 25 lakhs per incubatee.
3. The ﬁnancial assistance to technology startups is basically to cater to early
stage support requiring up- scaling of innovations and related work.
OUR UNDERSTANDING OF GOVT
4. The ﬁnancial assistance is for incubated entrepreneur only and not for administra-
tive /expenses / facilities creation of /by STEP/TBI. As per the provisions of TDB Act, it
must be used for commercializing innovations involving major / substantial /
reasonable technology development. Mere applications development / product and /
or services creation using existing technology platforms do not qualify.
3.2 “Re-Imagining Andhra Pradesh – role of e-Governance,
Electronics and IT”
The State of Andhra Pradesh shares a collective dream of a new India where new
generation software products would be manufactured creating multiplier effects in
growth of the state and nation, employment creation, and social transformation.
Through the Innovation and Start-up Policy, the government intends to create an
ecosystem that produces an entrepreneur in every family. The targets laid out for the
Andhra Pradesh through this Policy by June 30 2019 are:
1.100 Incubators / Accelerators to be established
2. 5,000 Companies & Start Ups to be incubated
3. 1 million sq ft of Incubation Space to be developed
4. Venture Capital of Rs 1000 Cr to be mobilized for Innovation
5. Foster Innovation Culture
The Policy would have following Niche Themes as focus in the initial period:
1.‘IT for X’ in the areas of Pharma, oil & gas, urban management.
2. Social Media, Mobility, Analytics and Cloud Computing (SMAC)
3. Fables Semiconductors
4. Animation & Gaming
6. Visual Effects
7.Health and Fitness
9. Internet of Things (IoT)
Under this policy
1. The Government will act as market maker for giving a massive ﬁllip to Software
Product Industry. In line with the State IT Policy, an Innovative Start-up-Boot
up-Scale-up Model would be followed for attracting cutting edge Software Product
Start-ups to Andhra Pradesh by leveraging the points of IT projects up to 50 Lacs for
Rural Companies, up to 5Cr for MSME’s registered in Andhra Pradesh and up to 50Cr
per annum proposals to be taken up Suomoto using Swiss Challenge
2. Time bound approval of Proposals in 4 weeks would be given to Innovative Product
Companies to demonstrate their product(s) as Pilot project i.e., Start-up Phase. Once
the pilot is successful, the Government would encourage companies to do local prod-
uct development for software companies and manufacturing (for hardware compa-
nies) i.e.-Boot up Phase. The companies, which have deployed their products in
Andhra Pradesh, would then be given incentives as decided by the State Innovation
Council to go National and International i.e.- Scale up Phase.
There are various other attractive startup eco system is getting in shape. Towards this
objective, the Central Government set up a National Entrepreneurship Mission (the
“Mission”), whose sole focus is to establish a vibrant entrepreneurial eco system in
India. The Mission’s mandate, as one single entity within the Governments both at
the National and State levels, is require it to pursue exclusively, the task of facilitating
entrepreneurs and entrepreneurship.
The Support structures have also been improving with the presence of associations
like ‘The Indus Entrepreneurs’, (TiE) across multiple cities in India. Initiatives like the
National Entrepreneurship Network (NEN) are doing high quality work in channeling
entrepreneurial energies of students at the university level towards new venture
creation. Incubation centers at various prestigious educational institutes5 in the
country have also played their part in encouraging the top talent of India to venture
on their own.
Critically, the angel and seed funding ecosystem has improved signiﬁcantly in recent
years, making much needed risk capital and mentoring more accessible to
entrepreneurs. Some of the leading organizations providing angel/seed stage
ﬁnancing include Mumbai Angels Network, Indian Angels Network, Seedfund, Blume
Several VC ﬁrms have also started providing seed stage ﬁnancing to try and “catch
them early”. Furthermore, successful business houses and high net-worth individuals
(HNIs) are also carving out a portion of their capital to invest in early stage opportuni-
Top Seed Fund in India
1. Blume Venture
2. India Quotient
3. Kae Capital
4. Indian Angel Network
India has over 25+ active seeds funds that are known to invest from $100k to
Top Incubators for Indian startup
1. Y combinator
2. 500 startup
3. Microsoft ventures
4 OUR UNDERSTANDING OF PRIVATE
Top Venture Fund in India
1. Nexus Venture Partner
2. Sequoia Capital
3. Accel Partner
4. IDG Ventures
5. SAIF Partner
They provide Series A and Series B stage investment from more than $ 2 millions upwards.
Statistics in India:
1. In 2013, Indian Angels invested about $60 millions (300 crores) in around 125 deals
2. As a proportion of Early stage investing, angel investments in India comprise around 7%, as against around 75% in US
3. Huge investment by Venture fund around $ 4 billions
Start-up Hubs of India
Innovation in India remains strong and growing in the country, but the challenge of raising capital remains. The question is whether the start-up sector could be that much
stronger in India. Help appears to be on the way in the form of Central Govt reforms announced, which will see the development of friendly start-up eco system.
India is poised for its next big Investment avenue to compete and shine on the global scene – Flipkart, Snapdeal and others were a proxy for technology in recent times.
Meaningful and consistent capital ﬂows, attracting and retaining the right talent, offering relevant educational and training programs and access to a growing technology infra-
structure are the top priorities by Govt to ensure the sector remains productive and robust.“India’s start-up sector is transitioning back to a level of prominence. Investors and
venture capitalists/angel investors are reassessing their resource sector holdings and examining the high growth potential of the industry.
Bangalore and Delhi are hot cities for start-up in India while Mumbai is emerging as the fastest startup hub of India.
If work carefully, India can be a rewarding experience:
• Most maturing destination and wide spectrum of service and capabilities
• Cost beneﬁts
• Scaling up is easy
• People are willing to learn and innovative
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