Infrastructure Of Energy


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ppt has been made by group of ISME students in which an overview has been given about the infrastrucure of energy and transport .

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Infrastructure Of Energy

  1. 1. Guided by: Made By:<br /> Prof.AVR Mahadev Ajay Sabharwal<br /> Prof. RameshTagathnirmit gang <br />Prof.NitinGargVikas Kumar<br /> Infrastructure(Energy and Transport) <br />11/6/2009<br />1<br />
  2. 2. Infrastructure(Energy and Transport)<br /><ul><li>Energy Sector</li></ul> Renewable<br /> Oil<br /> Nuclear Enegy<br /> Gas<br /> Hydro <br /> Electricity<br /><ul><li>Transport</li></ul>Water and sea transport<br /> Road<br /> Railway<br /> Aviation<br />11/6/2009<br />2<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  3. 3. Renewable<br />Renewable Energy Sources (RES) are an important element of India’s power Policy aimed to meet the power needs of remote areas in an environmentally Friendly way.<br />Key Issues Facing the Sector<br /><ul><li>High capital costs and low plant load factors
  4. 4. Regulatory certainty on tariff and other conditions of power procurement
  5. 5. Increased competition</li></ul>11/6/2009<br />3<br /> created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  6. 6. Policy and Regulatory Framework<br /><ul><li>The Electricity Act for State Commissions
  7. 7. Policy recognizes that there should be offered a preferential tariff
  8. 8. The policy encourages generation and distribution of electricity in notified rural areas without any need for obtaining a licence from the State Electricity Regulatory Commissions</li></ul>11/6/2009<br />4<br /> created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  9. 9. OIL <br />Oil comprisesabout36 % ofIndia’s primaryenergyconsumption atpresent<br />Key issues facing the Sector<br /><ul><li>Absence of statutory framework in the upstream industry
  10. 10. Incidence of cross subsidy due </li></ul> to social obligations<br />11/6/2009<br />5<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  11. 11. The Indian Opportunity<br /><ul><li>Investments under NELP
  12. 12. Destination India as refining hub
  13. 13. Increased investment in fuel quality upgradations
  14. 14. Building strategic petroleum reserve through public private partnership
  15. 15. Acquisition of overseas oil assets
  16. 16. Competition in the downstream (retail and institutional) segment</li></ul>11/6/2009<br />6<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  17. 17. Nuclear Energy<br />Importance given to Nuclear Energy<br /><ul><li>Indian government’s willingness to co-operate and enter into civilian nuclear agreements with countries like U.S., France and Russia
  18. 18. Deal with Russian Federation
  19. 19. 3-stage Nuclear Power programme, where (BHAVINI) has been setup for the construction of its first (FBR) by 2010
  20. 20. Nuclear power plant capacity targets as envisaged by the Department of</li></ul> Atomic Energy (DAE) are given below:<br />10,280 MWe by 11th Five year plan <br />20,000 MWe by 2020<br />50,000 MWe by 2030<br />250,000 MWe of nuclear power by 2050<br />11/6/2009<br />7<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  21. 21. India Opportunity<br /><ul><li>India – US Nuclear Cooperation
  22. 22. Public- Private Partnership in Commercial Civilian Nuclear Energy</li></ul>11/6/2009<br />8<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  23. 23. GAS <br /><ul><li>By 2025, the country is expected to rival both China and Japan in having the largest NG demand in Asia
  24. 24. Per capita consumption of NG in India is currently amongst the lowest in the World
  25. 25. The share of natural gas in India’s energy basket is only around 9 percent as Compared to the world average of around 24 percent</li></ul>Key Issues<br /><ul><li>Domestic reserves/ production will not be sufficient
  26. 26. Cross-border gas pipelines facing uncertainty, but attracting interest
  27. 27. Inability to take international prices</li></ul>11/6/2009<br />9<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  28. 28. The India Opportunity<br /><ul><li>Domestic exploration of NG
  29. 29. Is LNG the answer?
  30. 30. Coal Bed Methane (CBM) and Underground Coal Gasification Opportunities
  31. 31. Emergence of the retail gas user
  32. 32. Development of common gas market through National Gas Grid</li></ul>11/6/2009<br />10<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  33. 33. Hydro<br />India is endowed with very large, viable and economically exploitable hydroelectric potential which is estimated to be about 150,000 MW (84,000 MW at 60 Percent load factor). The current hydel installed capacity in India is about 33,941 MW.<br />Key Issues<br /><ul><li>Funding
  34. 34. Geological risks 
  35. 35. Long delays in obtaining clearances
  36. 36. Delays due to disputes between the states
  37. 37.  Simplified procedure for transfers of clearance </li></ul>11/6/2009<br />11<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  38. 38. The India Opportunity<br /><ul><li>Only about 17 percent of the vast hydel potential of 150,000 MW has been Tapped so far.
  39. 39. Countries like Norway, Canada, and Brazil utilizing Approx 30 %.
  40. 40. India ranks fifth in terms of exploitable hydropotential in the hydro-power (148,700 MW)</li></ul>11/6/2009<br />12<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  41. 41. Electricity<br /> “ As per the Constitution of India, “electricity” falls within the concurrent jurisdiction of the Centre and the states.”<br /><ul><li>Currently only 10.6 percent of the total installed Capacity is in the private sector.
  42. 42. Distribution is privatised in the state of Orissa and some cities such as Delhi, Kolkata, parts of Mumbai, Ahmedabad and Surat In the western state of Gujarat.</li></ul>11/6/2009<br />13<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  43. 43.  Key Issues Facing the Sector<br /><ul><li>Socio-Political Influences
  44. 44. High level of network losses
  45. 45. High level of financial losses 
  46. 46. Inadequate Generation and Transmission Capacity
  47. 47.  Poor Quality of Supply</li></ul>11/6/2009<br />14<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  48. 48. The India Opportunity<br /><ul><li>Generation
  49. 49. Transmission</li></ul> <br /><ul><li>Distribution</li></ul> <br /><ul><li>Trading</li></ul> <br /><ul><li>Energy savings and Demand Side Management</li></ul> <br /><ul><li>Equipment manufacturing</li></ul> <br />11/6/2009<br />15<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  50. 50. Transport Infrastructure<br /><ul><li>Roads Infrastructure
  51. 51. Railways Infrastructure
  52. 52. Maritime Infrastructure
  53. 53. Airports Infrastructure</li></ul>11/6/2009<br />16<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  54. 54. Road Transport and Highways<br />World’s largest road network in the world consisting of 3.314 lakh km<br />Expressways20,000 km (120 mi)<br />National Highways66,590 km (41,380 mi)<br />State Highways 131,899 km (81,958 mi)<br />Major District Roads 467,763 km (290,654 mi)<br />11/6/2009<br />17<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  55. 55. CURRENT UPDATES AND STATISTICAL DATA <br /><ul><li>National Highways Development Project (NHDP)
  56. 56. Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) – 5846 km
  57. 57. North-South East-West (NSEW) – 7300 km</li></ul> corridor <br /><ul><li>The Mumbai-PuneExpressway
  58. 58. PradhanMantri Gram SadakYojana (Prime Minister's Rural Road Program)
  59. 59. Eight lanes expressway between Gurgaon and new Delhi </li></ul>11/6/2009<br />18<br /> created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  60. 60. Economic aspects of road transport infrastructure <br /><ul><li>Approved 1000 k.m. of expressways, cost of Rs.16,680 cr.
  61. 61. Ring roads, bye passes Programme Rs.16,680 cr approved.
  62. 62. NEW DELHI: The road transport and highways ministry is
  63. 63. seeking a loan of $2.96 billion from the World Bank to develop 5,937 kms of highways, cutting across 14 states .
  64. 64. Govt. is expecting around 3.4 million $ FDI in the year 2009 says by Mr. kamalNath.
  65. 65. National Highway Development Programme (NHDP), Rs.2,20,000 cr up to 2012</li></ul>11/6/2009<br />19<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  66. 66. Maritime Transport Infrastructure <br />Ports, shipping, ship builders ,ship repairs ,inland water transport systems.<br />India has 12 “major” ports (handling 76% sea-borne traffic) <br />140 non-major ports in 9 States & 4 UTs. <br />Aggregate capacity of major ports – 389.5 MTPA <br />95% of the country’s trade by volume and 70% by value is moved through maritime <br />Kolkata (including Haldia), Paradip, Vishakapatnam, Ennore, Chennai, Tuticorin, Kochi, New Mangalore, Mormugao, <br />11/6/2009<br />20<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  67. 67. <ul><li>Jawaharlal Nehru port is India's largest container port and also has become a world class international container handling port. It handled country s 58 percent of the country s container volumes.
  68. 68. Mundra port:- is one of the century old ports with modern infrastructural facility and is one of the finest natural harbor in the world.
  69. 69. Kandla port:- A natural harbour situated in the State of Gujarat, is a gateway to the North-Western States. have an advantage of utilizing double-stack container trains to and from inland depots</li></ul>11/6/2009<br />21<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  70. 70. Current Updates & Economic Aspects <br /><ul><li>National Maritime development Programme ( NMDP)
  71. 71. OBJECTIVES :
  73. 73. Investment of 55 ,804 cr for major ports .
  74. 74. Promoting multi modal transportation of goods to facilitate trade .
  75. 75. Creating world class infrastructure of ports
  76. 76. The capacity of major ports in 2008 was 504.75 million tonnes per annum.
  77. 77. The Government has opened up its major ports for private sector participation</li></ul>11/6/2009<br />22<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  78. 78. Railways<br /><ul><li>Indian Railways network -909 stations route-length 63 327 km
  79. 79. Railway network is controlled by 16 zonal offices.
  80. 80. Indian Railways two main segment :-
  81. 81. Freight - 70% revenue , Passenger – 30% revenue
  82. 82. Ministry of Railway is the authority for development and maintenance for rail transport.</li></ul> <br /><ul><li> Indian Railway Construction (IRCON) International Limited</li></ul> <br /><ul><li>Container Corporation of India Limited (CONCOR)
  83. 83. Konkan Railway Corporation Limited (KRCL)</li></ul> <br /><ul><li>Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation Limited (IRCTC)</li></ul>11/6/2009<br />23<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  84. 84. Current Updates & Economic Aspects <br />Govt. introduced MRTS projects in metro cities.<br />Introduction of roll on roll of (RORO)service<br />Delhi Metro Rail project<br />Pipav Railway Corporation Ltd. (PRCL).<br />In interim railway budget of 2009-10<br />Freight earning and loading shows 9 to 19 % growth of revenue.<br />Similarly passenegr earning increased by 14%<br />Focus on safety ,introduction of new technology , traffic conditions .<br />11/6/2009<br />24<br /> created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  85. 85. Aviation infrastructure<br />Airports infrastructure <br />Civilian Airports/Airstrips - 449<br /> Paved Runways - 250<br /> Unpaved Runways -96<br />More than 30 heliports out of which worlds largest heliport at siachen glacier at 6400 m heights <br /><ul><li>Airports divided in accordance with future projection :-
  86. 86. International hubs
  87. 87. Regional hubs
  88. 88. Other airports
  89. 89. Greenfield airports
  90. 90. More than 25 international airport</li></ul>11/6/2009<br />25<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  91. 91. Continue…<br />Ministry of civil aviation is the nodal authority for development and regulation.<br /> Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA)<br /> Bureau of Civil Aviation Security (BCAS)<br />Public sector/Undertaking bodies :-<br />National Aviation Company of India Limited (NACIL)<br />Airports Authority of India (AAI)<br />11/6/2009<br />26<br /> created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  92. 92. Current Updates & Economic Aspects<br />Steps to raise revenue from non-aeronautical commercial sources.<br />For upgradation and modernization of Mumbai and Bangalore 10,000 Cr. and 16,00 Cr.<br />AAI looking to increase the revenue from aeronautical charges.<br />Foreign equity participation permitted in airports upto 74% and in special approval 100%.<br />Fiscal incentives provided to increase the participation of private infrastructure companies.<br />11/6/2009<br />27<br />created for classroom purpose not to be circulated _VikasAlha<br />
  94. 94. WWW.GOOGLE.COM
  95. 95. WWW.AAI.COM
  97. 97. KPMG ENERGY REPORT 2008
  98. 98. WWW.SCRIBD.COM</li></ul>THANK<br />YOU<br />11/6/2009<br />28<br />