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Department of MCA
C. Abdul Hakeem College of Engeering & Technology
INTRODUCTION OF AI:
ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE (AI)
Computers with the ability to mimic or duplicate the functions of the human brain
Learn from experience
Apply knowledge acquired
Handle complex situations
Solve problems when important
information is missing
Determine what is important
React quickly and correctly to a new situation
Understand visual images
Process and manipulate symbols
Be creative and imaginative
☻“Artificial Intelligence is a branch of science which
deals with helping machines find solutions to complex
problems in a more human-like fashion”.
☻It generally involves Borrowing characteristics from
human intelligence, and applying them as algorithms in a
Computer friendly way
☻AI is generally associated with Computer Science, but it
has many important links with other fields such a Maths,
Psychology, Cognition, Biology and Philosophy, among
Four possible definitions of AI
SYSTEMS THAT THINK LIKE HUMANS
Turing (1950) Computing machinery and intelligence
SYSTEMS THAT ACT LIKE HUMANS
1960s cognitive revolution": information-processing psychology replaced
prevailing orthodoxy of behaviorism
SYSTEMS THAT THINK RATIONALLY
Normative (or prescriptive) rather than descriptive
SYSTEMS THAT ACT RATIONALLY
Rational behavior: doing the right thing
The right thing: that which is expected to maximize goal achievement, given
the available information
The History of
Timeline of major AI events
GOALS OF AI:
Two main goals of AI:
To understand human intelligence better.
We test theories of human intelligence by
writing programs which emulate it.
To create useful “smart” programs able to
do tasks that would normally require a
BRANCHES OF AI :
The Use Of Artificial Intelligence In
The Computer Game Industry
Board games (Chess, Go)
Strategy games (Civilization / Age of Empires)
Camera control in 3D games
Simulation games (The Sims, Sim City)
Animation Movement Behavior
Responsible for Responsible for Responsible for
controlling NPC controlling NPC controlling NPC
body navigation decision making
Frequent work. Artificial intelligence would not need any sleep. This
would be an advantage because it would not be interrupted from its
tasks for sleep, as well as other issues that plague biological minds
like restroom breaks and eating.
Unemotional consideration of problems. While an artificial mind
could theoretically have emotions, it would be better for performance
if it were programmed for unemotional reasoning. When people
make decisions, sometimes those decisions are based on emotion
rather than logic. This is not always the best way to make decisions.
Easier copying. Once an artificial mind is trained in a task, that mind
can then be copied very easily, compared to the training of multiple
people for the same task.
Self-modifying, when combined with self-replicating,
can lead to dangerous, unexpected results, such as a
new and frequently mutating computer virus.
As computers get faster and more numerous, the
possibility of randomly creating an artificial
intelligence becomes real.
Military robots may make it possible for a country to
indiscriminately attack less-advanced countries with
few, if any, human casualties.
Rapid advances in AI could mean massive structural
AI utilizing non-transparent learning (i.e. neural
networks) is never completely predictable
PRESENT ASPECTS OF AI
Heavy Industries and Space
FUTURE ASPECTS OF AI
►In the year 2010, AI applications emerged. It is believed that
AI computers will be prominently used in the field of
►Many experts say that AI will be seen in every home in the
►AI ignited a lot of experiments and research in other
scientific areas, and most commonly used in logic and
►A lot of experts say that there is a need for man to create
►Development of AI, is important to keep an eye on the
science of AI because of its future effects on our economy
and our society, including man’s very own existence.
Ethics And Risks Of AI
- People might lose their jobs to automation.
+ So far automation (via AI technology) has created more jobs
and wealth than it has eliminated.
- People might have too much (or too little) leisure time
+ AI frees us from boring routine jobs and leaves more time for
pretentious and creative things.
- People might lose their sense of being unique.
+ We mastered similar degradations in the past
(Galileo, Darwin, physical strength)
+ We will not feel so lonely anymore (cf. SETI)
- People might lose some of their privacy rights.
- The use of AI systems might result in a loss of accountability.
“FOOLS GOLD SEEMS TO BE GOLD, BUT IT ISN’T”
Is artificial Intelligence really possible? Can an intelligence
like a human mind surpass itself and create its own image?
The depth and the powers of the human mind are just
being tapped. Who knows, it might be possible, only time
can tell! Even if such an intelligence is created, will it share
our sense of morals and justice, will it share our
idiosyncrasies? This will be the next step in the evolution of