Guidance & counselling

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Guidance & counselling

  1. 1. Guidance & counseling By P.N.Viji, M.Sc(N) Lecturer
  2. 2. Guidance is the help given by one person to another in making choices and adjustments & in solving problems, further it aims at aiding the recipient to grow in his independence & ability to be responsible for himself. Guidance is the help given by one person to another in making choices and adjustments & in solving problems, further it aims at aiding the recipient to grow in his independence & ability to be responsible for himself. JONESJONES
  3. 3. Counseling is the helping relationship, that includes someone seeking help, someone willing to give help who is capable or trained to help, in a setting that permits help to be given & received. Counseling is the helping relationship, that includes someone seeking help, someone willing to give help who is capable or trained to help, in a setting that permits help to be given & received. CORMIERCORMIER
  4. 4. Scope To draw up plans in academic & non academic pursuits To realize his potentialities To make optimum contributions to the growth of the society To understand teaching work and guidance & counseling are complementary to each other To acquire abilities which promotes self direction & self realization Aims at developing the students qualities such as perseverance, dedication, sincerity, devotion, respect for the views of others
  5. 5. Need
  6. 6. Increasing number of aspirants for all sectors of education
  7. 7. Expansion & diversification of courses of study
  8. 8. Mounting number of unemployed graduates
  9. 9. Uncertainties in career & higher academic pursuits
  10. 10. Individual benefits & social benefits
  11. 11. Principles
  12. 12. Unique to an individual Concerned with the total individual Goal oriented & goal directed Professional activity Should be based on characteristics of the stages of human growth & development
  13. 13. Meant for all those who need help Not specific to any state of development Continuous process Should be based on reliable data Should have a flexible approach
  14. 14. Types of guidance Personal Educational Health Social Vocational Avocational
  15. 15. Approaches to guidance services
  16. 16. Problem identification Gathering available data Arrive at actual cause Decide on strategies Implement strategies Solution Follow up
  17. 17. Approaches to counseling 1. Directive 2. Non directive 3. Eclectic 4. Group
  18. 18. Directive counseling • Advocated by EG Williams • Counselor plays a leading role • Authoritarian or psycho analytic approach • Counselor is active
  19. 19. Steps 1) Starting the counseling session 2) Collect the relevant data 3) Analyze the problem 4) Synthesize 5) Diagnosis 6) Prognosis 7) Prescribe remedial measures 8) Follow
  20. 20. Non directive counseling • Advocated by Carl Rogers • Counselee centered • Humanistic approach
  21. 21. Steps 1) Opening the session 2) Establishing rapport 3) Exploration of the problem 4) Exploration of the causes of the problem 5) Discovering alternative solution 6) Termination of the session 7) Follow up
  22. 22. Eclectic counseling Based on the fact that all individuals differ from one another Consistent with modern day life Selection & orderly combination of best features from diverse sources Sometimes directive & sometimes non directive Flexible approach with flexible plans
  23. 23. Group counseling 1) Selection of participants 2) Starting session 3) Orientation for discussion 4) Checking unwarranted behavior 5) Self disclosure 6) Decision making 7) Closure 8) Follow up
  24. 24. Tools of counseling • Non testing tools • Psychological test tools
  25. 25. Non testing tools • Interview • Observation • Anecdotal records • Cumulative record card • Problem / interest checklist • Rating scales • Sociometry
  26. 26. Psychological testing tools • Achievement test • Aptitude test • Intelligence test • Interest inventories
  27. 27. Levels of counseling Informal counseling Non specialist counseling Professional counseling
  28. 28. Elements of counseling counselor counselee
  29. 29. Phases of counseling
  30. 30. Establishing relationship Setting goals Assessment Interventions Termination & follow up
  31. 31. Steps in counseling process
  32. 32. A G T H E R Greet the client Return for follow up Explain how to use a method Help the client to choose a method Tell him about methods of coping mechanism Ask client about themselves
  33. 33. Counseling techniques
  34. 34. Acceptance Lead Restatement clarification Reassurance Interpretation Advice Rejection
  35. 35. Attributes & skills required for a counselor
  36. 36. • Self awareness & understanding • Good psychological health • Open mindedness • Objectivity • Trust worthiness • Approachability Pre training attributes
  37. 37. Inter training attributes • Interview setting & getting started • Problem focus • Identifying an important theme • Focusing on a theme • Directing the theme towards a goal • Managing the interaction with the individual
  38. 38. Qualities of a counselor IPR Personal adjustment Scholastic potentialities & educational background Health & personal appearance Leadership Philosophy of life Professional dedication
  39. 39. Supportive behavior C R E A L ClarifyListenEncourageAcknowledgeReflect & repeat
  40. 40. Non verbal behavior R O L E S Relax Open & approachabl e Lean towards client Eye contact Smile & sit comfortabl y
  41. 41. THANK YOU

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