Utilization of Waste Plastic in Bituminous Mixes for Road Construction

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The rapid rate of urbanization in India has led to increasing plastic waste generation. This increase has resulted in a large amount of plastic waste, particularly plastic bags and PET bottles, being littered on the landscape of India. In this context, research has been carried out to contribute to the development of efficient policy approaches on plastic waste in India. Few policies have been enforced by the government to address the acute problem of littering in the country. The purpose of this project is to investigate the possibility of using Polyethylene Terephthalate as polymer additives in Bituminous Mix. The characteristics of PET-modified bituminous mix is obtained by fix mixing temperature, was investigated. The binders were prepared by mixing the PET in 2%, 4%, 6%, 8% and 10% (by the weight of optimum bitumen) with 80/100 penetration grade bitumen at temperature of 200-220 ºC. It may be inferred that PET-modified bituminous binders provide better stability when compared to conventional binders. Using PET-modified bituminous mix also contribute to the recirculation of plastic waste, as well as to the protection of the environment.

Please use the below for Citation: Mahendra, S.P., Kumar, N.S., Prasad, K.V.R., Vijay, V., Rakesh, S.G., Likith, T., Yogesh, B.P., 2013. Study on Utilization of Waste Plastic in Bituminous Mixes for Road Construction. Proceedings of the International Conference on Futuristic Innovations & Developments in Civil Engineering (ICFiDCe ’13), Mepco Schlenk Engineering College, Sivakasi. [ISBN: 978-93-80624-88-4]

Location: Sivakasi
Event Date: Apr 18, 2013
Organization: Mepco Schlenk Engineering College
Publication Name: Proceedings of the International Conference on Futuristic Innovations & Developments in Civil Engineering (ICFiDCe ’13)
Conference End Date: Apr 20, 2013
Research Interests: Stability, Recycling of plastics waste, MSW, Plastic waste, Polyethylene terephthalate, and Bituminous Mixtures

Follow the link for accessing full paper:
https://www.academia.edu/9686909/Utilization_of_Waste_Plastic_in_Bituminous_Mixes_for_Road_Construction

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  • Submitted by,Rakesh SG, Vijay V, Likith T, Yogesh B P8th Sem , Civil Branch, Sir MVIT,Bangalore.
  • Various factors resulting in increased solid waste accumulation- developmental acts, Socio-economical conds. & change in lifestyle.
  • Utilization of Waste Plastic in Bituminous Mixes for Road Construction

    1. 1. Utilization Of Waste Plastic In Bituminous Mixes For Road Construction ICFiDCe ‘13 18-04-13 GTR 236 1
    2. 2. ESTIMATED INCREASE IN WORLD POPULATION BY COSMOS NEWS 18-04-13 GTR 236 2
    3. 3. 18-04-13 GTR 236 3
    4. 4. Developmental activities Increase in solid waste Socioeconomic conditions Change in Life Style 18-04-13 GTR 236 4
    5. 5. HAZARDS DUE TO PLASTIC WASTE SPOILS BEAUTY OF THE CITY MAKES PUBLIC PLACES FILTHY AIR POLLUTION ON BURNING HEALTH HAZARDS 18-04-13 GTR 236 5
    6. 6. NEED FOR THE STUDY Disposal of waste plastic is a major problem. It is Non-Biodegradable. Burning results in environmental pollution. It mainly consists of low-density polyethylene. Utility in Bituminous Mixes for road construction. Laboratory studies proving that waste plastic enhances the property of the mix. Disposal in an useful way. 18-04-13 GTR 236 6
    7. 7. OBJECTIVES • • • • • Physical properties- Aggregate, Bitumen and Filler. Optimum Binder Content (OBC). Optimum Plastic Content (OPC). Mechanical Properties of Bituminous mix. Comparison of Modified and Conventional Bituminous Mixes. 18-04-13 GTR 236 7
    8. 8. CONVENTIONAL PRACTICE 18-04-13 GTR 236 8
    9. 9. MATERIALS & METHODS 18-04-13 GTR 236 9
    10. 10. AGGREGATE SELECTION SPECIFIC GRAVITY AND WATER ABSORPTION STRENGTH AGGREGATE CRUSHING TEST HARDNESS AGGREGATE IMPACT TEST TOUGHNESS DURABILITY 18-04-13 SHAPE OF AGGREGATES ABRASION TEST SHAPE TESTS GTR 236 10
    11. 11. AGGREGATE PROPERTIES PROPERTIES SPECIFIC GRAVITY FLAKINESS INDEX ELONGATION INDEX COMBINED INDEX ANGULARITY NUMBER IMPACT VALUE CRUSHING VALUE ABRASION VALUE 18-04-13 OBSERVATIONS 2.62 15.7% 18.08% 29.84% MORTH Specifications MAX 30% (Combined) 9 17% 20.15% 20.80% GTR 236 MAX 24% MAX 30% 11
    12. 12. BLENDING OF AGGREGATES AS PER UPDATED MORTH STANDARDS sieve %passing midpoint size 10 mm 6.3 mm dust A (mm) 20 mm B C 31%A+18%B+ 31%C+20%D D 25 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 20 90-100 95 89.63 100 100 100 96.79 12.5 66-86 76 28.5 98.75 100 100 77.61 10 55-75 65 9.5 85.5 100 100 69.34 4.75 35-55 45 1.75 8.13 42.28 100 35.12 2.36 28-44 36 1.38 2.13 36.97 100 32.28 1.18 20-34 27 1 1.25 27.27 77.34 24.46 0.6 15-27 21 0 1.13 24.28 65 20.74 0.3 10 to 20 15 0 0.88 11.73 36.67 11.13 0.15 5 to 13 9 0 0.5 7.3 16.34 5.63 5.5 0 3.69 10.67 12 3.33 18-04-13 0.075 4 to 7 GTR 236 0.25
    13. 13. AGGREGATE SAMPLES- GRADATION A- 20mm DOWNSIZE C- 6.3mm DOWNSIZE B- 10mm DOWNSIZE D- DUST A C 18-04-13 GTR 236 A B C D 13
    14. 14. TESTS ON BITUMEN 18-04-13 GTR 236 14
    15. 15. BITUMEN PROPERTIES PENETRATION SPECIFIC GRAVITY 83 0.99 SOFTENING POINT DUCTILITY FLASH POINT FIRE POINT 47⁰C 78cm 280⁰C 320⁰C 18-04-13 GTR 236 15
    16. 16. MARSHALL MIX DESIGN 18-04-13 CONCEPT OF PHASE DIAGRAM GTR 236 16
    17. 17. MARSHAL SPECIMENS • • • • • HEIGHT DIAMETER WEIGHT OF HAMMER HEIGHT OF FALL NO. OF BLOWS TO BE GIVEN ON EACH FACE 18-04-13 GTR 236 6.35 cm 10.16cm 4.54kg 45.7cm 75 17
    18. 18. MARSHALL TEST PROCEDURE 18-04-13 GTR 236 18
    19. 19. MARSHALL TEST PROCEDURE 18-04-13 GTR 236 19
    20. 20. MARSHALL TESTING APPARATUS 18-04-13 GTR 236 20
    21. 21. OBC CALCULATIONS 18-04-13 GTR 236 21
    22. 22. OBC CALCULATIONS 18-04-13 GTR 236 22
    23. 23. MODIFIED PRACTICE 18-04-13 GTR 236 23
    24. 24. Effects of Plastic waste on Bituminous Mixes STABILITY DURABILITY FLEXIBILITY WORKABILITY ECONOMIC CONCERNS 18-04-13 GTR 236 24
    25. 25. OPTIMUM PLASTIC CONTENT S A M P L E 1 18-04-13 GTR 236 25
    26. 26. OPTIMUM PLASTIC CONTENT S A M P L E 2 18-04-13 GTR 236 26
    27. 27. SUPERIMPOSED MARSHALL STABILITY GRAPH PROPERTIES MARSHALL STABILITY (in kg) 18-04-13 Flow value (0.25mm units) CONVENTIONAL MIX 1650 450 MODIFIED MIX PET SAMPLE 1 MODIFIED MIX PET SAMPLE 2 MORTH STANDARDS 2900 780 2390 750 Min 900 27 800-1600 GTR 236
    28. 28. CONCLUSIONS • INCREASED MARSHALL STABILITY VALUE. • OPTIMUM PLASTIC CONTENT. • INCREASE IN DENSITY WITH INCREASE IN PLASTIC CONTENT. • INCREASED DURABILITY. • RECYCLING OF WASTE PLASTIC. • ECONOMICAL. 18-04-13 GTR 236 28
    29. 29. BIBLIOGRAPHY • Dr. L.R. Kadiyali and Dr. N.B. Lal –“Principles and Practices of Highway Engineering”, Khanna Publishers, Delhi-6. • Animesh Das - “Some Considerations in Bituminous Mix Design Awaiting Implementation in Highway Construction”. • Mahabir Panda and Mayajit Mazumdar- “Engineering Properties Of EvaModified Bitumen Binder For Paving Mixes”, Journal of materials in Civil engineering/ May1999/pp131-137. • Priya Narayan- “Analysing Plastic Waste Management in India”, IIIEE reports 2001:11. • Ramona Ledesma and L.L. Isaac, The City College of CUNY, Dept. of Chemical Engineering, New York, N.Y. 10031- “Effects Of Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) & From Plastics Waste On The Thermal Properties Of Asphalt”. • S.K. Khanna and C.E.G. Justo- “Highway Engineering”, Nemchand & Bros, Roorkee (U.A.). • Dr. S. S. Verma- “Roads from plastic waste”, The Indian Concrete Journal, 18-04-13 GTR 236 29 November 2008/pp43,44.
    30. 30. BIBLIOGRAPHY • Tabrez A Khan , Sangita , D K Sharma and B M Sharma-“Performance evaluation of waste plastic/polymer modified bituminous concrete mixes”.Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research Vol.68/November 2009/pp975-979. • Tom V.Mathew and K V Krishna Rao-“Introduction to Transportation Engineering”. • V. S. Punith and A. Veeraragavan-“Behavior of Asphalt Concrete Mixtures with Reclaimed Polyethylene as Additive”., Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering/June 2007/pp500-507. • Yue Huang , Roger N. Bird , Oliver Heidrich- “A review of the use of recycled solid waste materials in asphalt pavements”. School of Civil Engineering and Geo Sciences April 2007. • Zahra Niloofar Kalantar,Abdelaziz Mahrez ,Mohamed Rehan Karim“Properties Of Bituminous Binder Modified With Waste Polyethylene Terephthalate”., Proceedings of Malaysian Universities Transportation Research Forum /Dec 2010. 18-04-13 GTR 236 30
    31. 31. AKNOWLEDGEMENT The authors are grateful to Sri Rasool Khan, M/s K K Plastics, Bangalore for their help in carrying out this study & we also wish to thank Sir M. Visvesvaraya Institute of Technology for supporting and providing lab facilities 18-04-13 GTR 236 31
    32. 32. THANK YOU 18-04-13 GTR 236 32

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