C:\Documents And Settings\Student\Desktop\The Waste Land


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paraphrase of the whole poem.

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C:\Documents And Settings\Student\Desktop\The Waste Land

  1. 1. ‘ The Waste Land’ by T.S.Eliot
  2. 2. About T.S.Eliot <ul><li>Dominated the English literary scene & tried his hand at poetry, drama and criticism. </li></ul><ul><li>Became a part & parcel of the literary tradition. </li></ul><ul><li>Critic of the age. </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by The English Metaphysical Tradition, Symbolist movement, poetry of Dante, Existential philosophy, Philosophers of the Orient, Hindu, Buddhist, Christian Tradition & Theology. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Waste Land <ul><li>Probably the best known, published in October, 1922 in ‘Criterion’ and in the ‘Dial’ in November 1922. </li></ul><ul><li>The Title: From Miss Weston’s book, ‘From Ritual to Romance’. </li></ul><ul><li>The Epigraph: from ‘ the Satyricon’ , a satire of the poet Petronius. </li></ul><ul><li>Poem divided into five sectios. </li></ul>
  4. 4. First section: The Burial of The Dead <ul><li>Tiresias reflects the sterility of the modern waste land in the month of April; as Eliot says, </li></ul><ul><li>“ APRIL is the cruellest month, breeding </li></ul><ul><li>Lilacs out of the dead land, mixing </li></ul><ul><li>Memory and desire, stirring </li></ul><ul><li>Dull roots with spring rain.” </li></ul><ul><li>Chaucer’s ‘Prologue to the Canterbury Tales’ </li></ul>
  5. 5. Second section: ‘The Game of Chess’ <ul><li>The poet shows the spiritual and emotional sterility through the description of sexual intercourses. </li></ul><ul><li>Through different study of myths, Eliot wants to convey the message that if sex is served for momentary pleasure, it become the source of degeneration & corruption and it results in spiritual death& decay. </li></ul><ul><li>Five times the following line occurs; </li></ul><ul><li>“ HURRY UP PLEASE ITS TIME” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Third section: ‘The Fire Sermon’ <ul><li>The theme: passion & sensuousness in human nature are the sources of misery & suffering. </li></ul><ul><li>The game of sex is played again by various characters presented in this section. </li></ul><ul><li>Influenced by St. Augustine’s ‘The Confession’ & the doctrines of Buddha. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Fourth Section: ‘Death by Water’ <ul><li>This section describes the possibilities of becoming free from fire of passion’ not by self-discipline but by water which washes away all the stains of the body & soul. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fifth section: ‘What the Thunder said’ <ul><li>The speaker turns from the water & attempts to achieve salvation by coming under the shadow of religion, but even religions are spoiled by waste land. </li></ul><ul><li>At the end, the poem shows the way of release is in the wisdom of India. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Datta. Dayadhvam. Damyata. </li></ul><ul><li>Shantih Shantih Shantih.” </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Main Themes of the Poem <ul><li>F.R. Leavis: “ the disillusionment of a generation” “ a sigh for the vanished glory of the past”. </li></ul><ul><li>Living death of modern waste Landers. </li></ul><ul><li>Contemporary Disintegration: Sexual Perversion. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Other Observations: <ul><li>‘ The Waste Land’ as a Dramatic monologue. Tiresias as a mouthpiece. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ The Waste Land’ as a social document. </li></ul><ul><li>Nihilism in ‘The Waste Land’ </li></ul>