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Part 3 elements of windows


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step by step method for learning computer basics

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Part 3 elements of windows

  1. 1. Learning Computer Basics in a Step by Step practices Presentation By: Vijay Kumar Ratre Mumbai-49 Contact:
  2. 2. PART 3: All about WindowsAfter this lesson you will be familiar with: A. Parts of a window B. Multi-Tasking
  3. 3. PART 3: Parts of a Window Title Bar Menu Bar Window ButtonsDocumentWindow Status Bar Scroll Bar
  4. 4. PART 3: Application & Document WindowsTitle Bar Application Window Document Window
  5. 5. PART 3: Sizing & Closing Windows The size of a window can be changed in several ways. One way is to use the three buttons on the top right corner. 1. Minimize Reduces the window to a button on the Task Bar. This is handy when you want to keep a program open, but you don’t want to see it on the screen. 2. Maximize (One Window) Enlarges the program window to full-screen size. It then changes into a Restore button. 3. Shrink/Restore (Two windows) Changes the program window to a smaller size. 4. Close Button: Closes window and shuts program downNote: If a window is maximized, the Restore button appears as the middlebutton in the top right. If the program window is Restored, the Maximize
  6. 6. PART 3: Menu BarsMenu bars help perform many different tasks in a program. They provideoptions for saving files, cutting and pasting text, printing documents, etc. A. File – Gives options for saving, opening, and creating new files. B. Edit – Gives options for changing the text or objects in a document or file (cut, copy, paste, etc) C. Help – Provides online help on the current program
  7. 7. PART 3: Scroll Bars & Status Bar Title Bar Application Window Document Window Scroll Buttons Scroll BarsStatus Bar
  8. 8. PART 3: Tool BarsTool bars contain small icons that help you perform common, frequently-used functions such as Save, Print, Cut, Copy, Paste etc., without having toaccess these functions through the Menus on the Menu Bar.Tool bars are designed for specific uses -- i.e., there are different tool-barsfor Formatting, working with Pictures and Drawing.You can access the different toolbars from the View Menu ToolbarMost Windows programs contain similar layouts and icons on menu barsand tool bars. If you cannot identify an icon, try moving your mouse cursorover it and hold still for a few seconds. A little ‘tool tip’ will pop up to clueyou into what the icon represents.
  9. 9. PART 3: Tool Bar Exercise 1. Can you identify the toolbars shown in this window? 2. How can you add on the different toolbars?
  10. 10. PART 3: Organizing WindowsMove: To move a Window around on the desktop, click on the TitleBar, and while holding down the mouse button, drag the window to anew location on the desktop. This is helpful when you are using morethan one program at a time and need to see them both simultaneously,such as when you are editing a picture in Paint and then want to importthe picture into a Word document.Resize: To make a window larger or smaller you can use the resizepointers. To see the resize pointer, you have to move the cursor to theedge of the window. The cursor will change to a short line with arrowsat both ends. Then hold the left mouse button and drag any part tomake it wider or smaller.Organize: When you right-click on the taskbar, a menu appears. Thishandy menu contains commands for cascading and tiling windows,and for minimizing all open windows.
  11. 11. PART 3: Multi-taskingActive Window: A window that is currently selected and whosecontents will be affected by all mouse actions, commands andtext entries (typing, using buttons, menus, etc.).Inactive Window: A window that is open but unavailable forperforming any work in. An inactive Window will always be“grayed” out.Notice the difference between an active and inactive windowin the taskbar display. Can you describe it?Moving Windows: Windows can be moved around by clickingand holding the title bar with your mouse, then dragging thewindow to another location and letting go of the mouse.Note: Although you may have several windows open -- youcan only work in one window at a time.
  12. 12. PART 3: Quick Review12 What can you tell from task bar 1 and 2 about the open windows? Is this an active or inactive window? What can you tell about the size of the window? Hint: Is it maximized or minimized?