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Olympics
A Journey of Biggest Sporting Event
Introduction
• There are many international events like Asian Games, Commonwealth
Games, Pacific Games, Mediterranean Games ,Olympic Games.
• The Olympic Games is a major and happenning international event featuring
summer and winter sports, in which thousands of athletes participate in a variety
of competitions.
• We Will travel into Olympics as :
– Ancient Olympic Games
– Modern Olympic Games
• Summer Olympic Games
• Winter Olympic Games
• Paralympics Games
• Youth Olympic Games
AncientOlympic Games
• No one is sure how the Olympic Games
really began, but the first recorded event
took place in Olympia about in the date of
776 BC.
• These Games were held at the place
Olympia, every four years. The four year
time span was called an “Olympiad”
• Many people came to visit Olympia to
worship Zeus and his wife Hera; the king
and queen of the Greek gods and the
Olympic games began as part of a
religious festival, which took place in
Olympia, in honour of Zeus.
Eligibility to participate
• There were three main criteria for
participation in the Games.
– one had to be male
– Of Greek origin
– Women, slaves and foreigners
were excluded.
• Women who wanted to race had a
separate festival called the Heraia.
• Married women were not even
allowed to watch the games – only
men and unmarried women!
Events
• At first there was only one event; a running race.
• After 100 years of the Games, there were 18 events that took place.
• The first event was the chariot race and one of the most popular events was the
pentathlon, which was made up of five different sporting activities.
• Running
• Wrestling
• The long jump
• The javelin
• Discus.
Rewards
• In the modern Olympics, winners are presented with medals in gold, silver and
bronze, but, in ancient Greece, there was only one winner whose prize was a
wreath or crown of leaves. it was a wild olive.
• According to some sources, a lifetime seat at the table in the feasting hall.
Winners were sometimes granted large sums of money by their own city state,
when they returned home.
End of the Game
• The Olympic Games continued
for many years but in 393AD,
1,166 years after they first began,
a Roman Emperor named
Theodosius I banned them.
• Olympia fell into ruin. There was
an earthquake and a flood and the
original ruins were buried and
hidden underground.
• It remained hidden for more than
1000 years and there wasn’t
another Olympic Games until
1896.
Modern Olympic Games
• This time the Olympics were
international and took place in the
Greek city of Athens.
• It was Pierre de Coubertin of France
who dreamt up this ambitious project
and Planned for the modern games
began in 1894, and implemented with
setting up the International Olympic
Committee (IOC)
• Thanks to Coubertin,This date of
the first Games, April 6,1896 in the
Panathenaic Stadium, marked the
beginning of an extraordinary event
that has now lasted for over a century!
Renovation
Although the modern Olympic Games
were inspired by the past, they are also
quite different:
•More sports added apart from ancient
ones.
•Held in different places
•Athletes from all over the world
•Women joined in.
A great deal of the ancient games still
applies to the modern and yet so much
has changed. 
Summer Olympic Games
• The Summer and Winter Games
originally took place in the same year, but
since 1992 the Winter Games have been
held two years from the Summer Games.
• However the Summer Games and the
Winter Games continue to be organized
once every four years.
• In the Summer Games, athletes compete
in a wide variety of competitions on the
track, on the road, on grass, in the water,
on the water, in the open air and indoors.
• The Winter Games feature seven sports
practiced on snow and ice, both indoors
and outdoors.
Dash board
India at Summer Games
• India first participated at the Olympic
Games in 1900, with a lone athlete
(Norman Pritchard) winning two medals
in athletics.
• The National Olympic Committee for
India is the Indian Olympic Association,
and was created in 1927.
• The nation first sent a team (Hockey) to
the Summer Olympic Games in 1920,
and has participated in every Summer
Games since then.
• Indian athletes have won a total of 26
medals
Medalists
Winter Olympic Games
• Winter sports made their Olympic debut at the Summer Games in London in
1908!
• Figure skating competitions were organised for men, women and pairs. The
experience was repeated at the Antwerp Games in 1920, along with an ice
hockey tournament.
• It was in Chamonix in 1924 ( at Chamonix, France ) that winter sports finally
got their own Winter Olympic Games, held in association with the 1924
Summer Olympics.
• Six sports were on the programme: bobsleigh, curling, ice hockey, figure and
speed skating, skiing (crosscountry and ski jumping) and the military patrol race.
• The Winter and Summer Olympic Games were held in the same years until
1992, when the governing body for the Olympic Games, the International
Olympic Committee (IOC), decided to place the Summer and Winter Games
on separate four-year cycles in alternating even-numbered years.
GAMES
India at Winter Games
• India competed at the Winter Olympic Games for the first time at the 1964
Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria.
• India did not win any medals till now.
• 1964 - The sole athlete representing India was Jeremy Bujakowski, who
competed in the Men's Downhill event in Alpine Skiing.
• 1968 – Again Jeremy Bujakowski in represented India in Alpine Skiing
• 1988 - After 20 Years India again sent athletes to Winter games.
– Women's Slalom skier Shailaja Kumar became the first woman to compete for
India in the Winter Olympic Games. Gul Dev and Kishor Rahtna Rai both
represented India in Men's Slalom.
• 1992 - Nanak Chand and Lal Chuni both competed in the Men's Slalom and
Giant Slalom events in Alpine Skiing
• 1998 – After missing 1994 Games,in 1998 India's only competing athlete was
Men's Singles Luge competitor 16-year-old Shiva Keshavan.
• 2002 - India's sole competitor was Shiva Keshavan in the Men's Luge, who
placed 33rd overall.
• 2006 – 4 Athletes participated.
• 2010 - Three athletes represented India .
Youth Olympic Games
• The Youth Olympic Games (YOG) first held in Singapore from 14 to 26
August 2010.
• The games are held every four years in staggered summer and winter events
consistent with the current Olympic Games format.
• The age limitation of the athletes is 14 to 18.
• 204 Countries participated in Summer Games.
• 2012 Winter Youth Olympic Games at Innsbruck, Austria, officially known
as the I Winter Youth Olympic Games (from 13 to 22 January 2012) .
• Approximately 1100 athletes from 70 countries competed.
India at Youth Summer Olympics
• The Indian squad comprised 32 athletes competing in 13 sports: aquatics
(swimming), archery, athletics, badminton, basketball, boxing, judo, rowing,
shooting, table tennis, tennis, weightlifting and wrestling.
• India won 8 Medals.( 5 Silver , 3 Bronze )
• Medal List
India at Youth WinterOlympics
• One girl athlete represented India in 2012 Winter Youth Olympics, Aanchal
Thakur in alpine skiing.
Paralympics Games
• The Paralympic Games are a major international multi-sport event where
athletes with a physical disability compete.
• Disability includes athletes with mobility disabilities, amputations, blindness, and
cerebral palsy.
• Paralympic Games are governed by the International Paralympic Committee
(IPC).
• The Paralympics have grown from a small gathering of British World War II
veterans in 1948.
• Here also we have Winter and Summer Paralympic Games, which are held
immediately following their respective Olympic Games.
• Flag :
Summer Paralympic Games
• The 1960 Summer Paralympics were the first international Paralympic
Games.The Games were open only to athletes in wheelchairs
• The Games were held in Rome, Italy from September 18 to 25, 1960, with the
1960 Summer Olympics.
• There were about 400 athletes, from 23 countries.
• At the 1976 Summer Games, athletes with different disabilities were included
for the first time at a Summer Paralympics.
• The 1988 Summer Paralympics in Seoul, South Korea, was another milestone
for the Paralympic movement. It was in Seoul that the Paralympic Summer
Games were held directly after the Olympic Summer Games, in the same host
city, and using the same facilities.
• It was eventually formalized in an agreement between the International
Paralympic Committee (IPC) and the International Olympic Committee (IOC)
in 2001.
GAMES
India at Summer Paralympic
Games
• India made its Summer Paralympic début at the 1968 Games.
• 1968 – Held at Aviv, Israel from November 4 to 13, 1968. Ten Indian athletes
competed, eight men and two women. The team did not win any medals.
• 1972 - Held at Heidelberg, West Germany, India sent ten competitors, seven
male and three female. Petkar won the Gold in Men's 50 m Freestyle.
• 1976
• 1980
• 1984 – At NewYork ,6 Athletes,all men, participated winning 4 medals (2
Silver , 2 Bronze )
• Bedi, Joginder Singh ( 2 Bronze, 1 Silver ) – in Discus, Javelin,Shotput
• Kesarhar, Bhimrao ( 1 Silver ) – Javelin
• 1988 – At Seoul, 2 Men and 1 Women participated.No Medal.
• 1992 – At Barcelona,7Men, 2 Women Participated from India.No Medal.
• 1996 – At Atlanta,9 Men participated. No Medal.
• 2000 – At Sedney, 4 men Participated , No Medal.
• 2004 – At Athens , 11 men and 1 woman participated, and won two medals at
the Games, one gold and one bronze.
» Devendra Jhajharia, Javelin thrower, won gold and Rajinder Singh won bronze for powerlifting in the 56-
kg category.
• 2008 – At Beijing, five athletes (all male) competed in athletics, power lifting
and shooting. India did not win a medal at these Games.
• In Total India Won :
• 2 Gold
• 2 Silver
• 3 Bronze
Winter Paralympic Games
• The 1976 Winter Paralympic Games were the first Winter Paralympics. They
were held in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden from 21 to 28 February 1976.
• The 1992 Winter Paralympics were the first Winter Games to use the same
facilities as the Winter Olympics.
• India has never participated in the Winter Paralympic Games.
GAMES
London 2012 Olympics
• London 2012, are scheduled to take place in London, United Kingdom, from
27 July (when the opening ceremony is held) until 12 August 2012.
• Over 10,000 athletes from 204 Countries are expected to participate.
• features 26 sports and a total of 39 disciplines:
India London 2012 Olympics
• India will send an 81-member athlete team to London, this will be India's largest
contingent ever at the games.
• Summary:
India's medal hopes
• Archery has the best chance - Archer, Deepika Kumari, who won the gold in
one of the World Cup events, is highest ranked Archer right now.
• Shooting is getting most media coverage this time, due to Bindra’s feat in last
Olympics.
• India has a medal hope in Badminton too. Saina is currently ranked 5th and she
was the winner of last 4 out of 7 tournaments played.
• Boxing is another medal hope
• The legendary partnership of Bhupathi-Paes is broken but a third rising star in
form of Bopanna (ranked #13) can bring a medal for India partnering Bhupathi
(ranked #15).
• In mixed doubles, in form Paes (ranked #5) is partnering Sania Mirza (ranked
#18) – who recently had a lot of success with her mixed doubles partner
Bhupathi.
• Wrestling is also a medal hope.
We hope more than this, Good Luck India.
Other Interesting things
• What Olympic symbol represent?
– The symbol of the Olympic Games is composed of five interlocking rings, colored blue, yellow, black, green, and
red on a white field. This was originally designed in 1912 by Baron Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the
modern Olympic Games.
– The five Olympic rings colors, blue, yellow, black, green and red, represent the five parts of the world now
enveloped by Olympism and competing against each other.
• What About That Olympic Torch?
• The first torch relay and flame lighting in Olympia occurred at the Berlin Games in 1936. Even today, the passing
of the Olympic Flame from Olympia to the Host Country symbolizes the upcoming Olympic Games and
showcases many different cultures and customs across the continents and nations.
• Several months before the opening of modern day Olympic Games, a flame is lit in Olympia Greece in memory of
the ancient Olympic games. The Olympic flame can only be lit by the rays of the sun.
• What about Olympic Village?
• An Olympic Village is an accommodation centre built for the Olympic Games, usually within an Olympic Park or
elsewhere in a host city.
• Olympic Villages are built to house all participating athletes, as well as officials, athletic trainers

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Olympics Journey

  • 1. Olympics A Journey of Biggest Sporting Event
  • 2. Introduction • There are many international events like Asian Games, Commonwealth Games, Pacific Games, Mediterranean Games ,Olympic Games. • The Olympic Games is a major and happenning international event featuring summer and winter sports, in which thousands of athletes participate in a variety of competitions. • We Will travel into Olympics as : – Ancient Olympic Games – Modern Olympic Games • Summer Olympic Games • Winter Olympic Games • Paralympics Games • Youth Olympic Games
  • 3. AncientOlympic Games • No one is sure how the Olympic Games really began, but the first recorded event took place in Olympia about in the date of 776 BC. • These Games were held at the place Olympia, every four years. The four year time span was called an “Olympiad” • Many people came to visit Olympia to worship Zeus and his wife Hera; the king and queen of the Greek gods and the Olympic games began as part of a religious festival, which took place in Olympia, in honour of Zeus.
  • 4. Eligibility to participate • There were three main criteria for participation in the Games. – one had to be male – Of Greek origin – Women, slaves and foreigners were excluded. • Women who wanted to race had a separate festival called the Heraia. • Married women were not even allowed to watch the games – only men and unmarried women!
  • 5. Events • At first there was only one event; a running race. • After 100 years of the Games, there were 18 events that took place. • The first event was the chariot race and one of the most popular events was the pentathlon, which was made up of five different sporting activities. • Running • Wrestling • The long jump • The javelin • Discus.
  • 6. Rewards • In the modern Olympics, winners are presented with medals in gold, silver and bronze, but, in ancient Greece, there was only one winner whose prize was a wreath or crown of leaves. it was a wild olive. • According to some sources, a lifetime seat at the table in the feasting hall. Winners were sometimes granted large sums of money by their own city state, when they returned home.
  • 7. End of the Game • The Olympic Games continued for many years but in 393AD, 1,166 years after they first began, a Roman Emperor named Theodosius I banned them. • Olympia fell into ruin. There was an earthquake and a flood and the original ruins were buried and hidden underground. • It remained hidden for more than 1000 years and there wasn’t another Olympic Games until 1896.
  • 8. Modern Olympic Games • This time the Olympics were international and took place in the Greek city of Athens. • It was Pierre de Coubertin of France who dreamt up this ambitious project and Planned for the modern games began in 1894, and implemented with setting up the International Olympic Committee (IOC) • Thanks to Coubertin,This date of the first Games, April 6,1896 in the Panathenaic Stadium, marked the beginning of an extraordinary event that has now lasted for over a century!
  • 9. Renovation Although the modern Olympic Games were inspired by the past, they are also quite different: •More sports added apart from ancient ones. •Held in different places •Athletes from all over the world •Women joined in. A great deal of the ancient games still applies to the modern and yet so much has changed. 
  • 10. Summer Olympic Games • The Summer and Winter Games originally took place in the same year, but since 1992 the Winter Games have been held two years from the Summer Games. • However the Summer Games and the Winter Games continue to be organized once every four years. • In the Summer Games, athletes compete in a wide variety of competitions on the track, on the road, on grass, in the water, on the water, in the open air and indoors. • The Winter Games feature seven sports practiced on snow and ice, both indoors and outdoors.
  • 11.
  • 13. India at Summer Games • India first participated at the Olympic Games in 1900, with a lone athlete (Norman Pritchard) winning two medals in athletics. • The National Olympic Committee for India is the Indian Olympic Association, and was created in 1927. • The nation first sent a team (Hockey) to the Summer Olympic Games in 1920, and has participated in every Summer Games since then. • Indian athletes have won a total of 26 medals
  • 15. Winter Olympic Games • Winter sports made their Olympic debut at the Summer Games in London in 1908! • Figure skating competitions were organised for men, women and pairs. The experience was repeated at the Antwerp Games in 1920, along with an ice hockey tournament. • It was in Chamonix in 1924 ( at Chamonix, France ) that winter sports finally got their own Winter Olympic Games, held in association with the 1924 Summer Olympics. • Six sports were on the programme: bobsleigh, curling, ice hockey, figure and speed skating, skiing (crosscountry and ski jumping) and the military patrol race. • The Winter and Summer Olympic Games were held in the same years until 1992, when the governing body for the Olympic Games, the International Olympic Committee (IOC), decided to place the Summer and Winter Games on separate four-year cycles in alternating even-numbered years.
  • 16.
  • 17. GAMES
  • 18. India at Winter Games • India competed at the Winter Olympic Games for the first time at the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria. • India did not win any medals till now. • 1964 - The sole athlete representing India was Jeremy Bujakowski, who competed in the Men's Downhill event in Alpine Skiing. • 1968 – Again Jeremy Bujakowski in represented India in Alpine Skiing • 1988 - After 20 Years India again sent athletes to Winter games. – Women's Slalom skier Shailaja Kumar became the first woman to compete for India in the Winter Olympic Games. Gul Dev and Kishor Rahtna Rai both represented India in Men's Slalom. • 1992 - Nanak Chand and Lal Chuni both competed in the Men's Slalom and Giant Slalom events in Alpine Skiing
  • 19. • 1998 – After missing 1994 Games,in 1998 India's only competing athlete was Men's Singles Luge competitor 16-year-old Shiva Keshavan. • 2002 - India's sole competitor was Shiva Keshavan in the Men's Luge, who placed 33rd overall. • 2006 – 4 Athletes participated. • 2010 - Three athletes represented India .
  • 20. Youth Olympic Games • The Youth Olympic Games (YOG) first held in Singapore from 14 to 26 August 2010. • The games are held every four years in staggered summer and winter events consistent with the current Olympic Games format. • The age limitation of the athletes is 14 to 18. • 204 Countries participated in Summer Games. • 2012 Winter Youth Olympic Games at Innsbruck, Austria, officially known as the I Winter Youth Olympic Games (from 13 to 22 January 2012) . • Approximately 1100 athletes from 70 countries competed.
  • 21. India at Youth Summer Olympics • The Indian squad comprised 32 athletes competing in 13 sports: aquatics (swimming), archery, athletics, badminton, basketball, boxing, judo, rowing, shooting, table tennis, tennis, weightlifting and wrestling. • India won 8 Medals.( 5 Silver , 3 Bronze ) • Medal List
  • 22. India at Youth WinterOlympics • One girl athlete represented India in 2012 Winter Youth Olympics, Aanchal Thakur in alpine skiing.
  • 23. Paralympics Games • The Paralympic Games are a major international multi-sport event where athletes with a physical disability compete. • Disability includes athletes with mobility disabilities, amputations, blindness, and cerebral palsy. • Paralympic Games are governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC). • The Paralympics have grown from a small gathering of British World War II veterans in 1948. • Here also we have Winter and Summer Paralympic Games, which are held immediately following their respective Olympic Games. • Flag :
  • 24. Summer Paralympic Games • The 1960 Summer Paralympics were the first international Paralympic Games.The Games were open only to athletes in wheelchairs • The Games were held in Rome, Italy from September 18 to 25, 1960, with the 1960 Summer Olympics. • There were about 400 athletes, from 23 countries. • At the 1976 Summer Games, athletes with different disabilities were included for the first time at a Summer Paralympics. • The 1988 Summer Paralympics in Seoul, South Korea, was another milestone for the Paralympic movement. It was in Seoul that the Paralympic Summer Games were held directly after the Olympic Summer Games, in the same host city, and using the same facilities. • It was eventually formalized in an agreement between the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 2001.
  • 25. GAMES
  • 26. India at Summer Paralympic Games • India made its Summer Paralympic début at the 1968 Games. • 1968 – Held at Aviv, Israel from November 4 to 13, 1968. Ten Indian athletes competed, eight men and two women. The team did not win any medals. • 1972 - Held at Heidelberg, West Germany, India sent ten competitors, seven male and three female. Petkar won the Gold in Men's 50 m Freestyle. • 1976 • 1980 • 1984 – At NewYork ,6 Athletes,all men, participated winning 4 medals (2 Silver , 2 Bronze ) • Bedi, Joginder Singh ( 2 Bronze, 1 Silver ) – in Discus, Javelin,Shotput • Kesarhar, Bhimrao ( 1 Silver ) – Javelin • 1988 – At Seoul, 2 Men and 1 Women participated.No Medal. • 1992 – At Barcelona,7Men, 2 Women Participated from India.No Medal. • 1996 – At Atlanta,9 Men participated. No Medal.
  • 27. • 2000 – At Sedney, 4 men Participated , No Medal. • 2004 – At Athens , 11 men and 1 woman participated, and won two medals at the Games, one gold and one bronze. » Devendra Jhajharia, Javelin thrower, won gold and Rajinder Singh won bronze for powerlifting in the 56- kg category. • 2008 – At Beijing, five athletes (all male) competed in athletics, power lifting and shooting. India did not win a medal at these Games. • In Total India Won : • 2 Gold • 2 Silver • 3 Bronze
  • 28. Winter Paralympic Games • The 1976 Winter Paralympic Games were the first Winter Paralympics. They were held in Örnsköldsvik, Sweden from 21 to 28 February 1976. • The 1992 Winter Paralympics were the first Winter Games to use the same facilities as the Winter Olympics. • India has never participated in the Winter Paralympic Games.
  • 29. GAMES
  • 30. London 2012 Olympics • London 2012, are scheduled to take place in London, United Kingdom, from 27 July (when the opening ceremony is held) until 12 August 2012. • Over 10,000 athletes from 204 Countries are expected to participate. • features 26 sports and a total of 39 disciplines:
  • 31. India London 2012 Olympics • India will send an 81-member athlete team to London, this will be India's largest contingent ever at the games. • Summary:
  • 32. India's medal hopes • Archery has the best chance - Archer, Deepika Kumari, who won the gold in one of the World Cup events, is highest ranked Archer right now. • Shooting is getting most media coverage this time, due to Bindra’s feat in last Olympics. • India has a medal hope in Badminton too. Saina is currently ranked 5th and she was the winner of last 4 out of 7 tournaments played. • Boxing is another medal hope • The legendary partnership of Bhupathi-Paes is broken but a third rising star in form of Bopanna (ranked #13) can bring a medal for India partnering Bhupathi (ranked #15). • In mixed doubles, in form Paes (ranked #5) is partnering Sania Mirza (ranked #18) – who recently had a lot of success with her mixed doubles partner Bhupathi. • Wrestling is also a medal hope. We hope more than this, Good Luck India.
  • 33. Other Interesting things • What Olympic symbol represent? – The symbol of the Olympic Games is composed of five interlocking rings, colored blue, yellow, black, green, and red on a white field. This was originally designed in 1912 by Baron Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympic Games. – The five Olympic rings colors, blue, yellow, black, green and red, represent the five parts of the world now enveloped by Olympism and competing against each other. • What About That Olympic Torch? • The first torch relay and flame lighting in Olympia occurred at the Berlin Games in 1936. Even today, the passing of the Olympic Flame from Olympia to the Host Country symbolizes the upcoming Olympic Games and showcases many different cultures and customs across the continents and nations. • Several months before the opening of modern day Olympic Games, a flame is lit in Olympia Greece in memory of the ancient Olympic games. The Olympic flame can only be lit by the rays of the sun. • What about Olympic Village? • An Olympic Village is an accommodation centre built for the Olympic Games, usually within an Olympic Park or elsewhere in a host city. • Olympic Villages are built to house all participating athletes, as well as officials, athletic trainers

Editor's Notes

  1. 1. Olympics comprises summer olympic games and winter olympic games. 2. All nations are encouraged to compete. A person of any race, religion or nationality may enter, if his/her country has a National Olympic Committee that is recognised by the IOC. The Olympics were only open to Greek citizens and athletes from other Mediterranean countries. 3. Events for women have become a major interest in modern Olympics and receive honours equal to those received by the males. Women were not all to take part in the Olympic Games for many years. People are unwilling to stop the wars for the purpose of a peaceful and friendly competition. Ancient Greeks stopped their wars to hold the Olympic Games.
  2. Present Olympic contests: bicycle, canoe, yacht racing, soccer, basketball, judo, rifle shooting and water polo, were unknown in ancient times. The modern pentathlon tests a persons' ability in, swimming, cross-country, fencing, horse - show jumping and target pistol shooting. Footraces, jumping, discus and javelin throwing, boxing, wrestling and other sports were carried over from the original Olympic Games.
  3. Initially it was 9 sports in 1986 and by 2012 it became 28 sports.And from 241 atheletes to 10942 atheletes from 204 nations. The Olympiad was not celebrated 1916,1940,1944 due to the World War I and II 204 nations, 26 sports and 302 events
  4. In 2008, We could prove in different field by getting a gold in shooting.
  5. Our hopes became reality to a extent. Deepika Kumari crashed out of individual event in the first round after losing to Britain`s Amy Oliver. Shooting Gave 2 Medals this season, making our hope true. Similarly Saina won Bronze in Badminton. Men Boxing was having good hope ,In that place Boxing lady Mary kom made india Proud by winning Bronze. Wrestling champs yogeshwar and Sushil kumar gave 2 medals to India. Over alll India’s performance at London was best ever. Many Athletes went upto Semifanls,Quarte finals.