The village is the cell of the national body and the cell-life must be healthy and developed for the national body to be healthy and developed….we must begin at the bottom and work up to the apex. - Sri Aurobindo
INTEGRAL RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME The Village Situation in India An Overview
70% of Indian population (700 million) live in about 6,70,000 villages. In most of the villages the people are illiterate, have no access to potable water, have no idea of sanitation or hygiene. Several are below poverty line, with not even one meal in the day. The houses are very often of mud, with thatched roofs, without openings for light or ventilation, with no toilets or sewage facilities. The cooking is done with firewood.
The water is supplied through community taps, but comes for only a couple of hours in the day. Many houses have no electricity and, even if it is there, it may be only for a few hours. In the schools very little teaching takes place, only rote learning. For the higher secondary classes, the students may have to walk or cycle for several kms. The dropout rate, specially among the girl-students, is very high. The village may not be connected to the nearest town or there may be just one bus in the day. The health center is dirty, in a bad shape, does not have a qualified doctor and the nearest hospital may be at a distance of 15-20 kms with no means of transport.
Apart from the lack of physical amenities,the social structure is under tremendous strain due to - an ignorant and superstitious mentality wrong habits alcoholism strong divisive forces tensions due to caste and religion neglect of girls and women and a general widespread apathy and inertia
INTEGRAL RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME The Project
Villupuram in Tamil Nadu Tamil Nadu in India Tamil Nadu is a State in southern India, which was one of the worst affected by the Tsunami, and is in great need of developmental support and help. In Villupuram, the largest district in Tamil Nadu, lie Poothurai and Perambai. These two adjacent villages, forming one unit, are about 15 kms from Pondicherry. This unit is very typical, representing all the problems, difficulties, challenges, and also opportunities of most villages in India.
Village BackgroundState: Tamil NaduDistrict: VillupuramBlock: VanurVillage: Poothurai - PerambaiTotal Area: 1837.52 hectaresTotal Population: 6826Gender Distribution: Male: 3483 Female: 3343No. of Families: 1376Major Community: Schedule Caste (SC) & Vannier (MBC)Nearest Hospital: JIPMER (12 km distance)High School: none
Poothurai and Perambai VillagesThe Challenges when we started
Poothurai and Perambai VillagesThe Challenges when we started
INTEGRAL RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME Our Vision and Mission
Adopt an entire village and develop it to become a model village. Make a genuine difference not only to their way of living, but also to their way of thinking and being. Look for new and creative ideas so as to develop a sustainable and replicable model.
Village Women discussing how they can improve their Village Empower the village community to take charge of their own destiny and future. Gradually to expand the work to more and more villages. Make Sarvam a Training Centre, and take the experience gained and the methods developed, to NGO s and Governments involved in village development
INTEGRAL RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME Our Approach and Activities
New School Building at Poothurai Distribution of Earthen Smokeless OvensUpgradation of the Health Income Generation throughCentre Selling Sarees Our approach is multifaceted, integrating all aspects of life – education, health, economic development, vocational training, organic farming, water harvesting, waste management, etc.
Planning with the Village Development Committee Weekly Training for Coordinators The project is driven internally, at every step, by the community itself, right from the planning, to the execution, to the maintenance.Training Programme in the Village
Therefore, along with the physical infrastructure, we very consciously work on bringing about a major change in the attitudes, the consciousness, the dreams and aspirations, the will to overcome the obstacles, the old habits and the forces which divide. For this, we look for new, innovative and creative ideas and approaches.Training at Aravind Eye Hospital - Madurai Art Training for Pre School Coordinators
The village community is encouraged to fix goals, identify problems, seek solutions, raise resources from within, supplemented with funds and resources from outside.Discussion with Panchayat (Local Governing Body) President Coordinators preparing Seedlings for the Village
We try to bring together as partners - the village community, the NGO s, the corporates and the Govt., to work in a cohesive manner for optimum use of resources and energies. The villagers coming together and drawing the map of their hamlet on the street as part of social mapping, planning and implementation of programmes.
Education - Pre School (Balwadi) Balwadi Renovation (Perambai) Health Practices - Learning to use Toilets Education through Play Tree Planting by ChildrenChildren with their Polio drops for Awareness Programme forNew Slide Babies Mothers
Education - Primary / Secondary SchoolSchool Renovation Exchange of views with teachers to improve education Evening Study Purified Water Classes System in Schools
HealthTaking Patients to the PIMS Free Eye Surgeries at General Health Camp - PoothuraiHospital Aravind Eye HospitalSub-Health Centre - PoothuraiBefore After
Sanitation and HygieneDrinking Water SupplyBefore AfterNew Toilet Blocks for Overhead Tank -School - Poothurai Individual Toilets – Vazhapattampalayam Using Hollow Block
New House with Roofing ofHousing Pre cast Channels Mason TrainingBefore New House with ParapetAfterRenovated Thatched House Employment to village people in House Construction
Income GenerationTailoring Incense Stick Making – Training Programme Laundry Service Cycle Repair Shop Leather Work in Factory General Store
Agriculture and Dairy Cow Rearing and Fodder Cultivation Farming Milk Collection Goat Rearing
TechnologyComputer Training - Village Youth, Students & Women Alternative Energy Solar Cooker Solar Light – LED Solar Light – CFL
YouthPlanning of Youth Programmes Self Development Workshop Cleaning the StreetsTrimming the Bushes Helping in Temple Renovation Sports
Sports and Culture Games organised in VillageSports Day Cultural ProgrammeSkill Games
Vulnerable and MarginalisedPhysically Challenged - Cycle Repairs Abandoned Lady - Medical Aid Destitute - Tailoring Educational Assistance to Orphaned and Physically ChallengedOne Rupee Coin Public Telephone Cycle to Orphaned Student Student
Coordinators and TrainingTraining Programmes for Village Coordinators Weekly Meeting & Review of Work with the Village CoordinatorsAt Sri Aurobindo Society - Puducherry At Aravind Eye Hospital - Puducherry Self Development Workshop At Auroville Nandanam School At Aravind Eye Hospital - Madurai
Sharanam - International Centre for Rural Development training centre for Villages and NGO s latest innovative Green building techniques local material, labour, upgradation of skills designed for local climatic conditions
Village Journal and Village TVLocal Village Journal - Grama Pudhiya Udhayam Local TV Programming Training to Village Coordinators for Coordinators making the Journal ready Journal for Distribution Village Youth creating TV Programmes for the Village Readers in the Village
Volunteers at SarvamLisa Suh - Canada Karolina - Poland Painting Programme conducted by KEF, JAPANNaja - Denmark Vasanthalakshmi - Puducherry Veterinary Camp organised with Rotary International
The Sarvam village programme has been initiated andis being implemented by Sri Aurobindo Society.Sri Aurobindo Society is an international, non-profitNGO, with head-quarters at Puducherry, working forindividual perfection, social transformation and humanunity.The Society has been recognized by the Govt. of Indiaas a charitable organization, a research institution andan institute of national importance.
The main areas of the Society s work are Integral Education Integral Health Integral Rural Development Sustainable Development and Science & Technology Integral Management Indian Culture Youth and Women Media, Arts & Communication Business & Economic Development
We welcome your Participation and ContributionFor further information, visit our website www.aurosociety.org You can write to email@example.com Or call 91-413-2330331