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Systematic Roadmap Approach on Solar City

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The Solar City aims at minimum % of reduction in projected demand of conventional energy through a combination of enhancing supply from renewable energy sources in the city and energy efficiency measures. In a Solar City all types of renewable energy based projects like solar, wind, bio mass, small hydro, waste to energy etc. May be installed along with possible energy efficiency measures depending on the need and resource availability in the city.

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Systematic Roadmap Approach on Solar City

  1. 1. Systematic Road map Approach on Solar city Dr.R.Mahendiran Asst.Prof., (Bio Energy) S.Vignesh,BTG-12-037
  2. 2. Why Solar ? The most employment-intensive energy resource. A fixed cost resource to balance variable cost fossil. Private Investment to Leverage Public Dollars. High-Reliability. Clean & Green. Renewable source.
  3. 3. Solar City • The Solar City aims at minimum % of reduction in projected demand of conventional energy through a combination of enhancing supply from renewable energy sources in the city and energy efficiency measures. • In a Solar City all types of renewable energy based projects like solar, wind, bio mass, small hydro, waste to energy etc. • May be installed along with possible energy efficiency measures depending on the need and resource availability in the city.
  4. 4. Objectives • To Create a Self-sustained City. • Green & Energy Efficient City. • To enable and empower Urban Local Governments to address energy challenges at City-level. • To provide a framework and support to prepare a Master Plan including assessment of current energy situation, future demand and action plans. • To involve various stakeholders in the planning process. • To oversee the implementation of sustainable energy options through public & private partnerships….Etc.
  5. 5. Selection of cities - Solar city The City is identified based on ; • City population. • Potential and commitment for adoption of renewable energy & Energy conservation in the city activities. • Initiatives already taken by City Council / Administration/ Private Developers / Industry / General. • Public in promoting renewable energy and energy conservation, regulatory measures taken on deployment of renewable energy technologies and their willingness to provide resources and sustenance of activities initiated under the program.
  6. 6. Commercial & Institutional Sector Industrial Sector Government & Municipal Sector Solar Water Heaters for all hotels, hospitals, restaurants & residential institutes Solar Water Heaters for process heat and boiler feed water preheating Government and Municipal Corporation Office Buildings Solar Steam cooking for hostels and restaurants Solar Steam generating system for process heating Outdoor lighting for public places like parks, bus shelters, monuments etc Solar PV system for captive use and peak load reduction , Solar PV wind hybrid systems Solar PV system for captive use and peak load reduction Outdoor lighting Road safety- Street light, road blinkers, road studs etc Biogas system from food waste,Small Wind turbines for institutional campuses Biogas system for food processing industries - Ren. Energy Systems – Diff.Sectors
  7. 7. Solar City - India • The “Development of Solar Cities” programme by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) GOI is an immense opportunity for contributing towards a sustainable India in the coming years. • As part of the 11th Five year plan ,demand forecasting for the years 2013 and 2018, this programme is a crucial step towards supporting Indian cities for the development of renewable energy and energy efficiency projects and curbing conventional energy demand by 10% in the next five years.
  8. 8. Cities to be developed as Solar cities • The Proposals received and the cities identified by some of the State Governments so far are 48 cities, Sanctions have been given to 31 cities.
  9. 9. Master Plan for Solar city • To create “Solar City Cell” & constitute a “Solar City Stake Holders Committee” • To promote National Rating System for construction of energy efficient Green Buildings in particular to commercial and institutional buildings • To organize rigorous publicity, and also the training programmes/ business meets for various stake holders.,e.g..architects, engineers, builders & developers, financial institutions, NGOs, technical institutions, manufactures/suppliers, Resident Welfare Associations (RWAs) etc. so as to involve them actively in meeting the objective of solar city. • To generate necessary funds from State Govt. and other funding organizations for achieving the objective of making the city as “Solar City”.
  10. 10. Case Study - Agra as Solar city • City is situated in Western U.P • It is 27.11' degree Latitude North & 78.0' degree Longitude East. • Its Altitude is 169 meters above sea level. It is situated on the bank of Yamuna River. • Maximum Temperature in Summer is 45oC & minimum temperature is about 21.9oC and • In inter maximum temperature is 31.7oC & minimum temperature is about 4.2oC.
  11. 11. City Urban Services • Administrative Services, • Water Supply, • Solid Waste Generation – 628 MT/Day, • Street Lights – 28,048 • Public Health, • Education – 1500 Centers, • Town Planning
  12. 12. Details
  13. 13. Renewable Energy Strategies For Agra (i) Solar Water Heaters (ii) Solar Cookers (iii) Solar Lanterns (iv) Solar Home System (v) Solar PV system for Home Inverters (vi) PV for replacement of DG/ Kerosene Generator sets
  14. 14. Project Proposals 1. Solar Water Heating System for Hotels and Restaurants in Agra 2. Solar Water Heating System for Hospitals in Agra Nagar Nigam 3. Solar Water Heating System for Food Processing Industries in Agra 4. 50kWp rooftop Solar PV system for Agra Nagar Nigam Building. 5. Solar PV standalone system for Agra Nagar Nigam.
  15. 15. Coimbatore • LATITUDE - 11°N • LONGITUDE - 76°E • 411.2 meters above SL. • Area - 257km² • 100 wards • Population - 2,151,466 - (2011 census) • ANNUAL AVG. SOLAR RADIATION - 4.98 kWh/m²/day
  16. 16. Zonal ward map
  17. 17. Population Density map
  18. 18. SW Generation map
  19. 19. Existing • Saibaba colony resident with 3kw solar rooftop • 2OkV solar rooftop at GCT • 100kw rooftop at shanti gears • 3.00 kwh windmill and 0.5kwh solar power system at mettupalayam bus stand • 2KW Solar roof top at Amma unavagam • 712 solar street light installed in Coimbatore by the corporation • Solar signal light at Lakshmi mills, Avinasi road. • 50 kW solar power system at corporation office • 2 Solar cookers at the north Coimbatore school at Rs.68,000
  20. 20. Coimbatore
  21. 21. Mastering Solar city as Coimbatore • Coimbatore, National Earth Hour Capital of India 2014, is one of 36 cities that has finalized its solar city master plan as part of its participation in India’s National Solar Cities Programme. • The plan includes the goal to reduce conventional energy consumption by 10% within five years, through investment in renewables and energy efficiency measures. • As a first step, the city has started to install solar photovoltaic panels (PVs) on all municipal buildings, and is completing its energy-saving project for street lights by using timers, dimmers, electronic meters, and LEDs.
  22. 22. Conclusion • Many cities around the world are setting targets and introducing polices for promoting renewable energy and reducing GHG emissions, India might get added upon that list.
  23. 23. Reference • www.mnre.gov.in • Agra CDP Solar Project • http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov • http://eosweb.larc.nasa.gov • Biomass Resource Atlas of India http://lab.cgpl.iisc.ernet.in/Atlas/Default.aspx • Bollinger, M. (2009). “Financing Non-Residential Photovoltaic Projects: Options and Implications.” Published by Lawrence Berkeley.
  24. 24. Thank

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