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heroin, antibiotics and painkillers


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Colegio Las Cumbres

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heroin, antibiotics and painkillers

  1. 1. Heroine, Antibiotics and Painkillers
  2. 2. Definitions: ● Drug: a medicine or other substance which has a physiological effect when ingested or otherwise introduced into the body. ● Tolerance: the ability or willingness to tolerate the existence of opinions or behaviour that one dislikes or disagrees with. ● Addiction: the fact or condition of being addicted to a particular substance or activity. ● Dependence: the state of relying on or being controlled by someone or something else.
  3. 3. Heroin
  4. 4. How does it alter the body? Heroin is a substance made of different chemicals. Some of this chemicals can be considered Painkillers, like morphine and codeine, this are also used in medicine Heroin activates specific receptors in the brain called mu-opioid receptors (MORs). Our bodies contain naturally occurring chemicals called neurotransmitters that bind to these receptors throughout the brain and body to regulate pain, hormone release, and feelings of well-being. When MORs are activated, they stimulate the release of the neurotransmitter dopamine, causing a reinforcement of drug behavior
  5. 5. Effects of Heroine Steal Debts Isolation Addiction SIDA Family and Job(social)
  6. 6. Antibiotics and Painkillers
  7. 7. How do painkillers alter the body? Painkillers helps to relieve the symptoms of an infectious disease, but they do not kill the pathogens involved. ● For example, paracetamol, aspirin and morphine block nerve impulses from the painful part of the body, or block nerve impulses travelling to the part of the brain responsible for perceiving pain.
  8. 8. How do antibiotics alter the body? Antibiotics are substances that kill bacteria or stop their growth. They do not work against viruses because they live and reproduce inside cells. It is difficult to develop drugs that kill viruses without also damaging the body’s tissues. Penicillin, the first antibiotic, was discovered in 1928 by Alexander Fleming. He noticed that some bacteria he had left in a Petri dish had been killed by naturally occurring penicillium mould. Different antibiotics work in different ways. It is important that specific bacteria should be treated using specific antibiotics.
  9. 9. Effects of painkillers and antibiotics ● Lost of friends ● Stealing → Pay ● Unable to do sports → Get kicked out of the team ● Muscle Spasms → nerves reacting to stimuli ● Heart attack ● If it is injected→ Infections, illnesses