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  1. 1. AutismBy: Viga Hsu
  2. 2. What is autism?•Autism is a developmentaldisorder•Autism is part of a variety ofconditions knows as autisticspectrum disorder (ASD)•ASD varies from mild to verysevere•Autism affects the way thebrain processes information
  3. 3. What causesautism?•1 in 88 kids haveASD, scientists arentsure about what causesASD.•Most likely geneticsand environment play arole•Unusual levels ofneurotransmitters in thebrain suggests that ASDcould result from thedisturbance of normalbrain developmentearly in the fetal stages
  4. 4. How is autismtreated?•Sadly there is no cure forASD•For manychildren, symptoms improvewith treatment and with age•Therapies and behavioralinterventions are designed tohelp specific symptoms andcan bring real improvement
  5. 5. What research is being done?•People with autism may havelarger brains thanaverage, which growsunusually fast in earlychildhood•Scientists are also measuringmagnetic and electricalactivity in the brain usingsensors placed on the outsideof the skull.•SynGAP1
  6. 6. Name: Catherine VouvoudakisJob occupation: Health aid at Francis Lewis High School’s medical officeViga: What is autism?Catherine: 1 out of 77 boys and 1 out of 99 girls have autism. Autism onlyshows in the early stages of life. They’re not sure what exactly it is yet, butthey think it is an auto immune disorder. There are different spectrums inautism.Viga: Do you have anyone related or friends that has autism?Catherine: My grandson is autistic, and he is non verbal.Viga: How old is he?Catherine: 5 ½Viga: When did you find out he had autism?Catherine: I found out when he was 16 months old.Viga: How did you find out?Catherine: He just stopped talking, and therefore he went to getevaluated.
  7. 7. Viga: Is he going to any therapies or getting any help?Catherine: Yes, he started ABA therapy.Viga: What does ABA stand for ?Catherine: Applied Behavioral Analysis.Viga: Does it help?Catherine: Eh, just a little bitCatherine: You should also know that some people with autism hasseizures, food or seasonal allergies, and eczema.Viga: What do you think is causing autism?Catherine: I think it’s the shots, a lot of shots have aluminum , they movedmercury a few years ago, but aluminum still exist in the shots today. Alsoa lot of the shots are egg based and some kids are allergic to them.Viga: Do you think researchers are still researching deeper into ASD?Catherine: In my opinion, they’re not doing much about it. They shouldspend more research on autism, because the don’t really research aboutit anymore.
  8. 8. Viga: May you tell me more about your grandson?Catherine: He used to speak normally up to 16 months, and he only repeats whatyou tell him. He’s learning sign language, he works with the computer and iPadvery well. He doesn’t know fear, he doesn’t know how to express pain, and hedoesn’t know how to ask. For example, he fell down, and he got hurt. However hedoesn’t express he’s in pain, he doesn’t cry or make a sad face, he doesn’t tell ushe’s hurt, and you know what he does? He just rubs the place he got hurt, thinkingit would go away.Viga: What does he eat?Catherine: He only eats two things, pasta, and chicken nuggets. If he doesn’t likecertain color foods, he doesn’t touch them.Viga: Can he still make noises though?Catherine: His vocal cords are god, but he just doesn’t speak.Viga: When does he sleep?Catherine: He doesn’t sleep at all at night, he requires very little sleep.Viga: What school does he go to?Catherine: Ps. 177, it’s a special education school, and the students there all havespecial need problems.Viga: Does he have any friends?Catherine: Nope, no friends, no communication.Viga: Alright thank you for your time.
  9. 9. Myths aboutautism•The myth is that a person whoautism has no feelings.•Wrong. A person with autism feelslove, happiness, sadness andpain just like everyone else.•Just because, some of them maynot express their feelings in thesame way others do, it does notmean that they do not havefeelings.• It is important that the myth, thatautistic people have no feelings isgone .•The myth is a result of lack ofknowledge
  10. 10. Follow-Up
  11. 11. •What does ASD stand for?•What is the amygdala?•Autism affects social communication, physical contact, and __________?•What is one affect of physical contact?•What do they find unpleasant and shocking?•What is the milder form of autism?•Is there any cure for ASD?•Autism will show itself during the first _____ years of a person’s life.•Is it true females are more likely to have ASD than males?•If one twin is affected with ASD what is the percentage that the other twinwill be affected?•What do they do to help people with ASD?
  12. 12. •"What Is Autism?" BBC News. BBC, 19 Apr. 2013. Web. 14 May2013.•"Autism Fact Sheet." : National Institute of NeurologicalDisorders and Stroke (NINDS). N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013.•"What Is Autism? What Causes Autism?" Medical NewsToday. MediLexicon International, 03 May 0032. Web. 14 May2013.•"KidsHealth." Autism. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 May 2013.