Hrm10e Chap15


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Hrm10e Chap15

  1. 1. Human Resource Management TENTH EDITON Health, Safety, and Security © 2003 Southwestern College Publishing. All rights reserved. PowerPoint Presentation by Charlie Cook Chapter 15 SECTION 5 Employee Relations and Global HR Robert L. Mathis  John H. Jackson
  2. 2. Learning Objectives <ul><li>After you have read this chapter, you should be able to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Define health , safety , and security and explain their importance in organizations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss several legal requirements affective health and safety. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify the basic provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) inspection and record-keeping requirements. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Learning Objectives (cont’d) <ul><ul><li>Discuss the activities that comprise effective safety management. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss three different workplace health issues and how employers are responding to them. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain the three levels of health promotion in organizations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discuss workplace violence as a security issue and describe some components of an effective security program. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Health, Safety, and Security <ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A general state of physical, mental, and emotional well-being. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A condition in which the physical well-being of people is protected. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The protection of employees and organizational facilities. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Typical Division of Responsibilities: Health, Safety, and Security Figure 15 –1
  6. 6. Legal Requirements for Safety and Health <ul><li>Workers’ Compensation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A legally-mandated insurance fund that provides compensation to employees for work-related injuries. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows eligible employees to take up to 12 weeks of leave for their serious health conditions. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employers attempting to return injured employees to “light duty” work may undercut the essential functions of the job. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Workers’ Compensation Injuries Figure 15 –2 Source: Based on data from Liberty Mutual Group, in “Insurer Ranks Leading Worker’s Comp Injuries,” National Underwriter, March 19, 2001, 7.
  8. 8. Selected Child Labor Hazardous Occupations Figure 15 –3
  9. 9. Occupational Safety and Health Act <ul><li>Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passed to assure safe and healthful working conditions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) administers provisions of the Act. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OSHA Enforcement Standards regulate equipment and working environments: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The “general duty” of employers to provide safe and healthy working conditions. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Notification and posters are required of employers to inform employees of OSHA’s safety and health standards. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Private Industry Injury Rate Figure 15 –4 Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, 2001.
  11. 11. OSHA Provisions and Standards Hazard Communication Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Blood-borne Pathogens Material Data Safety Sheets (MSDS) Lock out/tag out regulations Protection for workers exposed to blood and other substances from AIDS Hazard analysis, training, and provision of PPE to employees Cumulative Stress Disorders (CTDs) Protection from muscle and skeletal injuries from repetitive tasks Work Assignments Protection for reproductive health and refusal to perform unsafe work
  12. 12. Guide to Recordability of Cases Under the Occupational Safety and Health Act Figure 15 –5 Source: U.S. Department of Labor Statistics, What Every Employer Needs to Know About OSHA Record Keeping (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).
  13. 13. OSHA Inspections <ul><li>On-the-Spot Inspections </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Compliance officers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marshall v. Barlow’s, Inc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dealing with an Inspection </li></ul><ul><li>Citations and Violations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Imminent danger </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other than serious </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>De minimis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Willful and repeated </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Most Frequently Cited OSHA Violations (General Industry, Non-Construction) Figure 15 –6 Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, 2001. Available at
  15. 15. Workplace Injuries by Employment Size Figure 15 –7 Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, 2001.
  16. 16. Approaches to Effective Safety Management Figure 15 –8
  17. 17. Other Safety Issues Employee Motivation and Incentives Safety Policies and Discipline Safety Committees Safety Training and Communications Employee and Workplace Safety
  18. 18. Phases of Accident Investigation Figure 15 –9
  19. 19. Health Workplace Health Issues Smoking at Work Substance Abuse Emotional/ Mental Health Concerns Workplace Air Quality
  20. 20. Common Signs of Substance Abuse Figure 15 –10
  21. 21. Health Promotion Levels Figure 15 –11 Source: Developed by Kay F. Ryan (Nebraska Methodist College) and Robert L. Mathis (University of Nebraska at Omaha). May not be reproduced without permission.
  22. 22. Security <ul><li>Top Eight Security Concerns at Work: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Workplace violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet/intranet security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business interruption/disaster recovery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fraud/white collar crime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employee selection/screening concerns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General employee theft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unethical business conduct </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Computer hardware/software theft </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Profile of a Potentially Violent Employee Figure 15 –12
  24. 24. Workplace Violence Training in Detection and Prevention Domestic Causes Management Responses Workplace Violence Issues
  25. 25. Security Management Workplace Security Security Audit Controlled Access Computer Security