Effective IT solutions using Open Source Software [Valdis Vītoliņš] on Baltic Spark


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Baltic Spark, http://www.balticspark.org, 2010.04.16

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Effective IT solutions using Open Source Software [Valdis Vītoliņš] on Baltic Spark

  1. 1. Effective IT solutions Using Open Source Software dr. comp. sci. Valdis Vītoliņš Odo Ltd, Latvian Open Technology Association Baltic Spark April 16 2010
  2. 2. Agenda  How to be effective?  What is open source?  Why open source is effective?  What are few examples?  What we should do?
  3. 3. How to be Effective? Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic Arthur C. Clarke Everything what can be digitalized, can be handled for almost free So, don't move boxes, move bits
  4. 4. Software Technology Shift Usage Today Time Mainframe Standalone Client-Server Web Open Source
  5. 5. Free (Libre) Software Free Software movement was introduced by Richard Stallman Free software guarantees following freedoms to users: – The freedom to run the program, for any purpose. – The freedom to study how the program works, and change it to Richard M. make it do what you wish. Stallman – The freedom to redistribute Author of GNU tools and copies so you can help your GPL licence neighbor. – The freedom to distribute copies of your modified versions to
  6. 6. Free Software versus Open Source: Eric Raymond "rebranded" free software as "open source" and proved that:  Open source is not only "morally right"  It is also more effective software development. To adjust free software principles for business needs, he introduced more "weak" principles: Eric S. Raymond  Author can redistribute using different Author of "The Cathedral and the licenses Bazaar"  Limited usage of trademarks for derived works
  7. 7. What Open Source Software Provides Low cost "Good programmers write code, excellent programmers reuse and rewrite" High quality "Given enough eyeballs, all bugs are shallow!" No vendor lock-in All software users and vendors are equal Multiple choices No tough question about "Buy or build?" Software as a commodity Time when software was scarce resource is gone
  8. 8. How Open Source Does It? Resources on demand Virtualization allows to prepare resources in minutes. No hardware shipment, no tedious planning No accountants for tracking license fees Open standards Open source implements "working standard" Anyone is free to analyze it and check for conformity That makes integration easier and lowers integration costs Thin clients All that needed is Web browser (in computer, in laptop, in phone, etc.) No installation, no upgrades on the client side
  9. 9. New Business Models Open source is effective and agile production and distribution approach Open Source is not technology or business model, but it allows to use advanced business models Freemium So called "Open core" as a new shareware. Main functionality is free, but premium services are for money Mainstream for Web 2.0 applications Dual licensing Open source version is for all, but closed version for those who can't/won't use open source Popular for infrastructure applications and tools
  10. 10. Open Source Software for Business Productivity (Office) Software OpenOffice Internet clients Firefox, Thunderbird Operating Systems Linux (e.g. Ubuntu), BSD Collaboration and knowledge management Media Wiki, Xwiki Content management Drupal, Joomla Document management Alfresco Customer Relationships Management Sugar CRM
  11. 11. Do It Yourself Barack Obama won elections with slogan "Yes, we can!" This is true for you. You can't be competitive if most of answers from your software vendor are "No, you can't!" Start using Open Source software. You are not forced to do all yourselves, but if you can, you are not deadly dependent on your provider. 99% of open source of clients, who start use commercial support, are using this software already!
  12. 12. Who Use Open Source? Open source are using: Your suppliers even though they don't say that Your clients even though they don't know that Your competitors even though you don't now that Question is not "How does it cost?" Question is "How can we use it?"