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Role of ICTs in Environmental Conservation Management

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The original slidecast can be viewed at http://youtu.be/Nce4WbzNR-k
This presentation was made on 3 May, 2013 at the University of Guyana for the ENV 2202 Course : Environmental Conservation and Management. The second part of the lecture was delivered by Roxroy Bollers on the use of GIS.

Published in: Technology

Role of ICTs in Environmental Conservation Management

  1. 1. “Role of Information and CommunicationsTechnology (ICT) in Environmental Conservationand Management”ENV 2202: Environmental Conservation and ManagementUniversity of GuyanaPresenter :Vidyaratha Kissoonemail vidyak1@gmail.com3 May, 2013
  2. 2. Outline● Concepts around ICT● Policy background to “e-Environment”● Challenges to ICT use● Applications● Ideas for action● Discussion
  3. 3. Concepts● Information and CommunicationsTechnologies (ICTs) “a broad basedtechnology (including its methods,management and application) that supportsthe creation, storage, manipulation andcommunication of information” (French 1996and re-quoted)● Some scope include radio, television● Digital devices of all types
  4. 4. Concepts● Information Society– creation, distribution, use, integration andmanipulation of information is a significanteconomic, political, and cultural activity. Theaim of the information society is to gaincompetitive advantage internationally,through using information technology (IT) ina creative and productive way● Knowledge Economy - “wealth is created throughthe economic exploitation of understanding”
  5. 5. ConceptsE-ResilienceDefined as the ability of a system to withstand, recoverand change in the face of an external disturbance (suchas acute or chronic climate change), resilience constitutesan important property of livelihood systems which,through a set of seven dynamic sub-properties(robustness, scale, redundancy, rapidity, flexibility, self-organisation and learning) can enhance adaptivecapacity. E-resilience is “a property of livelihood systemsby which ICTs interact with a set of resilience sub-properties, enabling the system to adapt to the effects ofclimate change.” (http://www.niccd.wordpress.com )
  6. 6. Concepts● Green Economy– The green economy is one that results inimproved human well-being and socialequity, while significantly reducingenvironmental risks and ecologicalscarcities. Green economy is aneconomy or economic developmentmodel based on sustainabledevelopment and a knowledge ofecological economics. (UNEP)
  7. 7. Concepts● Green computing“Green computing, green IT or ICT Sustainability, refersto environmentally sustainable computing or IT. In thearticle Harnessing Green IT: Principles and Practices,(2008) San Murugesan defines the field of greencomputing as "the study and practice of designing,manufacturing, using, and disposing of computers,servers, and associated subsystems—such as monitors,printers, storage devices, and networking andcommunications systems — efficiently and effectively withminimal or no impact on the environment.”– Hardware design, software design, powermanagement, recycling , telecommuting
  8. 8. Policy Background● Agenda 21 (Rio : 1992)● World Summit of the Information Society2003 and 2005● United Nations Conference on SustainableDevelopment, “The future we want”(Rio+10 2012)● Guyanas Low Carbon DevelopmentStrategy (2013 update)
  9. 9. Policy Background● Agenda 21● Sharing informationfor Sustainabledevelopment● Creation of SDNParound the worldincluding Guyana
  10. 10. Policy Background● WSIS 2003 and 2005● C7(20) . E-environment● Governments, in cooperation with other stakeholders are encouragedto use and promote ICTs as an instrument for environmentalprotection and the sustainable use of natural resources.● Government, civil society and the private sector are encouraged toinitiate actions and implement projects and programmes forsustainable production and consumption and the environmentallysafe disposal and recycling of discarded hardware and componentsused in ICTs. (2005)● Establish monitoring systems, using ICTs, to forecast and monitorthe impact of natural and man-made disasters, particularly indeveloping countries, LDCs and small economies.
  11. 11. The future we want● Article 44 : ICTs and Multi-stakeholder Engagement● Article 65 : ICTs, Knowledge Exchange and CapacityBuilding● Article 114 : ICTs, Food Security and SustainableAgriculture● Article 128 : ICTs and Energy Efficiency● Article 230 – ICTs and Youth Education● (Taken from http://www.niccd.wordpress.com )
  12. 12. Guyanas LCDS● ICT as a contributor to low carboneconomy● “The LCDS highlighted the importance of enabling access to highquality ICT infrastructure in all parts of Guyana. Guyana aims to haveone of the most inclusive digital societies in the world by 2015, whereall citizens have access to IT and high-speed internet. “ (March 2013update)● Expanding the Digital Economy and Avoiding a Digital Divide– Fibre Optic Cable (E-Governance)– One laptop per Family (OLPF)– Telecommunications Liberalisation
  13. 13. Challenges● eWaste● Cost– Free and Open Source Software● Skills● Policy/legislative framework
  14. 14. e-Waste● 90,000 laptops in three years time?● Green computing● Video clip
  15. 15. Cost● Digital divide issues● Universal access to information– OLPF as an example● Use of Free and Open Source Software– Operating systems, applications,databases– Quantum, Sahana, Ushahidi● Use of open source hardware
  16. 16. Skills● Basic literacy● Digital literacy● Skills in programming and applicationdevelopment● Skills in data analysis for knowledgecreation
  17. 17. Policy/Legislative Framework● Policy framework– 2006 ICT4D policy developed but notimplemented● Legislative framework– E-commerce legislation● Security concerns● Intellectual Property
  18. 18. Applications● Geographical Information Systems (Iwokrama)● Remote sensing, Early Warning systems● Disaster Risk Management● The future we want– Multi Stakeholder Engagement– Knowledge Sharing, Capacity building– Food security and sustainable agriculture– Energy Efficiency– Youth Education● Tools– Websites, social media, mobile apps, etc
  19. 19. Remote Sensing, EWS
  20. 20. Disaster Risk ManagementSahana
  21. 21. Disaster Risk Management- Ushahidi
  22. 22. Applications● ICT & Multi-Stakeholder Engagement– E-governance– Advocacy & Activism– Online journalism
  23. 23. E-governance
  24. 24. E-governance
  25. 25. Advocacy & Activism
  26. 26. Online journalism
  27. 27. Knowledge Exchange andCapacity Building● UNDPs Adaptation Learning Mechanismplatform – http://www.adaptationlearning.net/● Climate Change Planninghttp://www.climateplanning.org/tools● University open course ware– http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/environment-courses/– http://landsat.gsfc.nasa.gov/education/tutorials.html● Using ICTs to improve design (CAD)
  28. 28. Food security and Sustainable agriculture
  29. 29. Energy efficiency● Using ICTs to monitor energy consumption● Using ICT to design energy efficientdevices, machines, buildings, etc● Capital Bikeshare Programme (clip)
  30. 30. Youth Education“Micro-learning project designed to increase rate at which children learn facts”Stabroek News 28 April, 2003
  31. 31. What can you do?● How are you using ICTs?● What can you do to create theapplications?– IISD Case Study on Africa● How much are you aware of current usesof ICT?● Anything else?● (Review of materials shared)
  32. 32. Resources shared● Video clips– E waste : A big Issue– Capital Bikeshare● This presentation● Documents– March 2013 LCDS Update– ECLAC Newsletter No14 ICT & Environment– “Africa Transformation-Ready: The Strategic Application ofInformation and Communication Technologies to ClimateChange Adaptation in Africa”– The Future we want

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