Role of ICTs in Environmental Conservation Management


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This presentation was made on 3 May, 2013 at the University of Guyana for the ENV 2202 Course : Environmental Conservation and Management. The second part of the lecture was delivered by Roxroy Bollers on the use of GIS.

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  • a) ICTs and Multi-stakeholder Engagement Article 44 of the outcome document recognises the role of ICTs facilitating the flow of information between governments and the public, enabling public engagement in sustainable development. The document calls for governments to “work toward improved access to ICT, especially broad-band network and services, and bridge the digital divide, recognizing the contribution of international cooperation in this regard”. b) ICTs, Knowledge Exchange and Capacity Building Article 65 of the outcome document acknowledges the potential of ICTs to promote knowledge exchange, technical cooperation and capacity building for sustainable development. The article emphasizes the role of these tools in fostering experiences and knowledge sharing in different areas of sustainable development in an “open and transparent manner”. c) ICTs, Food Security and Sustainable Agriculture With the aim of improving agricultural productivity and sustainability, Article 114 of the outcome document calls for government action to improve access to “information, technical knowledge and know-how, including through new ICTs that empower farmers, fishers and foresters to choose among diverse methods of achieving sustainable agricultural production”. d) ICTs and Energy Efficiency Article 128 of the outcome document recognizes the need to improve energy efficiency and the role of energy-efficient technologies in addressing sustainable development and climate change goals, including energy efficiency measures in urban planning, buildings, and transportation, and in the production of goods and services. These constitute areas in which ICTs have proven potential to reduce emissions through ‘smart’ applications (e.g. smart motor systems, smart logistics, smart buildings and smart grids). e) ICTs and Youth Education Recognising the importance of youth education and of ensuring that education systems provide the tools to pursue sustainable development, Article 230 of the outcome document calls for a more effective use of ICTs to enhance learning outcomes.
  • Role of ICTs in Environmental Conservation Management

    1. 1. “Role of Information and CommunicationsTechnology (ICT) in Environmental Conservationand Management”ENV 2202: Environmental Conservation and ManagementUniversity of GuyanaPresenter :Vidyaratha Kissoonemail vidyak1@gmail.com3 May, 2013
    2. 2. Outline● Concepts around ICT● Policy background to “e-Environment”● Challenges to ICT use● Applications● Ideas for action● Discussion
    3. 3. Concepts● Information and CommunicationsTechnologies (ICTs) “a broad basedtechnology (including its methods,management and application) that supportsthe creation, storage, manipulation andcommunication of information” (French 1996and re-quoted)● Some scope include radio, television● Digital devices of all types
    4. 4. Concepts● Information Society– creation, distribution, use, integration andmanipulation of information is a significanteconomic, political, and cultural activity. Theaim of the information society is to gaincompetitive advantage internationally,through using information technology (IT) ina creative and productive way● Knowledge Economy - “wealth is created throughthe economic exploitation of understanding”
    5. 5. ConceptsE-ResilienceDefined as the ability of a system to withstand, recoverand change in the face of an external disturbance (suchas acute or chronic climate change), resilience constitutesan important property of livelihood systems which,through a set of seven dynamic sub-properties(robustness, scale, redundancy, rapidity, flexibility, self-organisation and learning) can enhance adaptivecapacity. E-resilience is “a property of livelihood systemsby which ICTs interact with a set of resilience sub-properties, enabling the system to adapt to the effects ofclimate change.” ( )
    6. 6. Concepts● Green Economy– The green economy is one that results inimproved human well-being and socialequity, while significantly reducingenvironmental risks and ecologicalscarcities. Green economy is aneconomy or economic developmentmodel based on sustainabledevelopment and a knowledge ofecological economics. (UNEP)
    7. 7. Concepts● Green computing“Green computing, green IT or ICT Sustainability, refersto environmentally sustainable computing or IT. In thearticle Harnessing Green IT: Principles and Practices,(2008) San Murugesan defines the field of greencomputing as "the study and practice of designing,manufacturing, using, and disposing of computers,servers, and associated subsystems—such as monitors,printers, storage devices, and networking andcommunications systems — efficiently and effectively withminimal or no impact on the environment.”– Hardware design, software design, powermanagement, recycling , telecommuting
    8. 8. Policy Background● Agenda 21 (Rio : 1992)● World Summit of the Information Society2003 and 2005● United Nations Conference on SustainableDevelopment, “The future we want”(Rio+10 2012)● Guyanas Low Carbon DevelopmentStrategy (2013 update)
    9. 9. Policy Background● Agenda 21● Sharing informationfor Sustainabledevelopment● Creation of SDNParound the worldincluding Guyana
    10. 10. Policy Background● WSIS 2003 and 2005● C7(20) . E-environment● Governments, in cooperation with other stakeholders are encouragedto use and promote ICTs as an instrument for environmentalprotection and the sustainable use of natural resources.● Government, civil society and the private sector are encouraged toinitiate actions and implement projects and programmes forsustainable production and consumption and the environmentallysafe disposal and recycling of discarded hardware and componentsused in ICTs. (2005)● Establish monitoring systems, using ICTs, to forecast and monitorthe impact of natural and man-made disasters, particularly indeveloping countries, LDCs and small economies.
    11. 11. The future we want● Article 44 : ICTs and Multi-stakeholder Engagement● Article 65 : ICTs, Knowledge Exchange and CapacityBuilding● Article 114 : ICTs, Food Security and SustainableAgriculture● Article 128 : ICTs and Energy Efficiency● Article 230 – ICTs and Youth Education● (Taken from )
    12. 12. Guyanas LCDS● ICT as a contributor to low carboneconomy● “The LCDS highlighted the importance of enabling access to highquality ICT infrastructure in all parts of Guyana. Guyana aims to haveone of the most inclusive digital societies in the world by 2015, whereall citizens have access to IT and high-speed internet. “ (March 2013update)● Expanding the Digital Economy and Avoiding a Digital Divide– Fibre Optic Cable (E-Governance)– One laptop per Family (OLPF)– Telecommunications Liberalisation
    13. 13. Challenges● eWaste● Cost– Free and Open Source Software● Skills● Policy/legislative framework
    14. 14. e-Waste● 90,000 laptops in three years time?● Green computing● Video clip
    15. 15. Cost● Digital divide issues● Universal access to information– OLPF as an example● Use of Free and Open Source Software– Operating systems, applications,databases– Quantum, Sahana, Ushahidi● Use of open source hardware
    16. 16. Skills● Basic literacy● Digital literacy● Skills in programming and applicationdevelopment● Skills in data analysis for knowledgecreation
    17. 17. Policy/Legislative Framework● Policy framework– 2006 ICT4D policy developed but notimplemented● Legislative framework– E-commerce legislation● Security concerns● Intellectual Property
    18. 18. Applications● Geographical Information Systems (Iwokrama)● Remote sensing, Early Warning systems● Disaster Risk Management● The future we want– Multi Stakeholder Engagement– Knowledge Sharing, Capacity building– Food security and sustainable agriculture– Energy Efficiency– Youth Education● Tools– Websites, social media, mobile apps, etc
    19. 19. Remote Sensing, EWS
    20. 20. Disaster Risk ManagementSahana
    21. 21. Disaster Risk Management- Ushahidi
    22. 22. Applications● ICT & Multi-Stakeholder Engagement– E-governance– Advocacy & Activism– Online journalism
    23. 23. E-governance
    24. 24. E-governance
    25. 25. Advocacy & Activism
    26. 26. Online journalism
    27. 27. Knowledge Exchange andCapacity Building● UNDPs Adaptation Learning Mechanismplatform –● Climate Change Planning● University open course ware––● Using ICTs to improve design (CAD)
    28. 28. Food security and Sustainable agriculture
    29. 29. Energy efficiency● Using ICTs to monitor energy consumption● Using ICT to design energy efficientdevices, machines, buildings, etc● Capital Bikeshare Programme (clip)
    30. 30. Youth Education“Micro-learning project designed to increase rate at which children learn facts”Stabroek News 28 April, 2003
    31. 31. What can you do?● How are you using ICTs?● What can you do to create theapplications?– IISD Case Study on Africa● How much are you aware of current usesof ICT?● Anything else?● (Review of materials shared)
    32. 32. Resources shared● Video clips– E waste : A big Issue– Capital Bikeshare● This presentation● Documents– March 2013 LCDS Update– ECLAC Newsletter No14 ICT & Environment– “Africa Transformation-Ready: The Strategic Application ofInformation and Communication Technologies to ClimateChange Adaptation in Africa”– The Future we want