ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAYSIn this kind of essay, we not only giveinformation but also present an argumentwith the PROS (supporting ideas) and CONS(opposing ideas) of an argumentative issue.We should clearly take our stand (agree ordisagree) and write as if we are trying topersuade the reader that your opinion isright.
The first step is to choose an argumentativetopic.The topic should be narrowed down.For example:Marijuana should be considered illegal. (toogeneral)Selling and using marijuana in public placesshould be considered illegal.
The topic should contain an argument.For example:We should decide whether we want a bicycle ora car. (our stand is not clear: do we supporthaving bicycles or cars?)If we are adults and want a healthy life, we should definitely get a bicycle instead of a car.
It should be a topic that can be adequatelysupported. (with statistics, outside sourcecitations, etc.)For example:I feel that writing an argumentative essay is definitely a challenging task. (feelings cannot be supported; we cannot persuade other people)
Before starting writing, it is important tomake a list of PROS and CONS and choose themost suitable ones among them forsupporting and refuting.In an argumentative essay, you do not justgive reasons to support your point of view. Youmust also discuss the other side’s reasons andthen rebut them.
5 key elements of an argumentative essay:1. Explanation of the issue.2. A clear thesis statement.3. A summary of the opposing arguments.4. Rebuttals to the opposing arguments.5. Your own arguments.
The introductory paragraph contains an explanation of the issue, which is a necessary part of an argumentative essay. The thesis statement states clearly which side you are for:In my opinion, stem cell research should receive the full support of our government.
If you mention the opposing point of view in the thesis statement, the writer’s opinion can be expressed in the main (independent clause), and the opposing point of view is normally put into a subordinate structure.Although there are reasons to be cautious with stem cell research or any new technology, I believe that its potential benefits far outweigh its dangers.
Expressions that can be used to introduce opposing points of view include:Some people feel that …Many think that …Smokers say that…It may be true that…
Contrast transition signals used to connect opposing arguments and your counter- arguments include:HoweverAlthoughEven thoughDespite the fact thatWhereas