• Is a shortened version • Is to take larger of a text that focuses on selections of text and the thesis or main idea. reduce them to their• It does not include condensed parts many details or referring to their main examples; points.• It does not include • It is to make a summary personal opinions. of what the book is about, using your own words.
Why to summarize?essential ideas in order to: To reduce information to Understand and learn Comprehension important information Expand the breadth or Communication depth of your writing
What is not to What do we expect summarize from a summary?• To write down everything • Take out the main ideas• To write different ideas • Focus on the details that the ones stated on • Use key words and the original writing phrases• To write complete • Brake down the larger sentences ideas• To write too little that the • Write only enough to sense of the text is convey the gist missing. • Take only enough to• To copy word by word. convey the gist • Take succinct but complete notes
The steps for summarizing D Disregard unimportant information I Identify A Analyze supporting details redundant information M SMain idea: identify Topic sentence (if there isone) or use basic signal MIDAS Simplify, categorize, and label important information words
The topic sentence It introduces the main idea and the controlling idea which is your idea or opinion about the main idea. It controls whatIt may not always be so you write in theclearly stated, and it can rest of the come in the middle or paragraph. end of a paragraph All the sentences in the paragraph must relate to, describe, or illustrate the controlling idea in the topic sentence.
Main IdeaSupporting detail Supporting detailSupporting detail Supporting detail
How to plan your summary? Ask and answer Wh-questionsWho? What Where? When? Why? HowSubject Action Location Time Reason Process
Summarizing Let’s practiceOne paragraph at a time… Summarizing_ppoint.ppt
Example paragraphs…A tornado is a powerful, twisting windstorm. It begins high in the air, among the winds of a giant storm cloud. People who have watched a tornado’s howling winds reach down from the sky have said it’s the most frightening thing they have ever seen. In some parts of the United States, these windstorms are called twisters or cyclones.
Main idea and supporting details Tornado is powerful, twisting windstorm Also calledPart of giant Frightening twister storm cloud or cyclone
Sentence Summary…Tornadoes are frightening, powerful, twisting windstorms sometimes called twisters or cyclones that start in giant storm clouds.
Tornadoes cont…Tornadoes are not the only whirling windstorms that move through the earth’s air. Dust devils, hurricanes and typhoons all have twisting winds. But these windstorms differ from tornadoes in important ways.
Main idea and supporting details Dust devils, hurricanes, and typhoons have twisting winds Whirling windstorms Differ from tornadoes
Sentence Summary…Dust devils, hurricanes and typhoons also have twisting winds, but they are different from tornadoes.
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