Indirect speech tense changes

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Indirect speech tense changes

  1. 1. COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR IVect Speech: Tense Changes César Ochoa Cueva, M.S.Ed.
  2. 2. Indirect Speech 1 Indirect Speech 1When the reporting verb is in the simple past, the verbtense in the indirect speech statement often changes. Direct Speech Indirect Speech Simple Present  Simple PastPresent Progressive  Past ProgressiveSimple Past Tense  Past Perfect Present Perfect  Past Perfect
  3. 3. Indirect Speech 1 Indirect Speech 1 “My boss is happy.” Mark said his boss was happy.“A terrible storm is Ann said a terrible storm wascoming.” coming.
  4. 4. Indirect Speech 1 Indirect Speech 1 “My grandma called me.” She said her grandma had called her.“I’ve talked to my father.” He said he had talked to his father.
  5. 5. Indirect Speech 2 Indirect Speech 2 Modals often change in indirect speech.Direct Speech Indirect Speech will  would can  could may  might must  had to
  6. 6. Indirect Speech 2 Indirect Speech 2“The twister will be strong.” He said the twister would be strong.“I can swim.” She said she could swim.
  7. 7. Indirect Speech 2 Indirect Speech 2“The storm may last He said the storm might lastall night.” all night.“I must do my homework.” My father said I had to do my homework.
  8. 8. Indirect Speech 3 Indirect Speech 3 The following modals do not change in indirect speech: should, could, might, and ought to.“I should listen to the Tom said she should listennews.” to the news. “I might visit you in Ann said she might visit me Rome.” in Rome.
  9. 9. Bibliography Bibliography• Fuchs, M. & Bonner, M., Focus on Grammar 4 Pearson Education , White Plains, NY 10606, 2006• http://www.myenglishteacher.net• Photo credit: Microsoft Office

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