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Indirect questions

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Indirect questions

  1. 1. COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR IV Indirect Questions César Ochoa Cueva, M.S.Ed.
  2. 2. Indirect Yes/No Questions Indirect Yes/No Questions 1 1 Use if or whether in indirect yes/no questions. “Can you type?" she She asked me if I could asked. type.“Do you know how to He wanted to knowuse a scanner?” he whether I knew how toasked. use a scanner.
  3. 3. Indirect Yes/No Questions Indirect Yes/No Questions 2 2 Whether is more formal than if. We often use whether or not to report yes/no questions.“Is the report ready?”my boss asks. My boss wanted to know whether or not the report was ready.
  4. 4. Wh- Questions Wh- Questions Use question words in indirect wh- questions.“Where is your I asked where hisoffice?” I asked. office was.“How much sugar I asked how muchdo you want?” I sugar he wanted.asked.
  5. 5. Word Order 1 Word Order 1 Use statement word order (subject + verb), not question word order, for indirect yes/no questions.“Did they like pizza?” I I asked if they had liked pizza.asked.“Can you play the I asked if shepiano?” I asked. could play the piano.
  6. 6. Word Order 2 Word Order 2 Use statement word order (subject + verb), not question wordorder, for indirect wh- questions about the predicate (usually the last part of the sentence).“Why do you like I asked why he likedsoccer?” I asked. soccer.“Where did they I asked where theylive?” I asked. had lived.
  7. 7. Word Order 3 Word Order 3 Use statement word order (subject + verb), not question word order, for indirect wh- questions about the subject (usually the first part of the sentence).“Which factory I asked which factoryfired Tom?” I had fired Tom.asked.“What plants I asked whatgrow in Alaska?” plants grew inI asked. Alaska.
  8. 8. Attention! Attention!If a direct question about the subject has the form question word + be + noun, then the indirect question has the form question word + noun + be.“What is the I asked what thename of the name of the bookbook?” I asked. was.“Who is your I asked who hisfavorite actor?” I favorite actorasked. was.
  9. 9. Bibliography Bibliography• Fuchs, M. & Bonner, M., Focus on Grammar 4 Pearson Education , White Plains, NY 10606, 2006• http://www.myenglishteacher.net• Photo credit: Microsoft Office

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