Gerunds and infinitives

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  • utpl
  • utpl
  • Don’t confuse a gerund with the progressive form of the verb: He is drinking coffee right now. utpl
  • utpl
  • Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or an object+infinitive. I asked to join the club. I asked them to join the club. utpl
  • Gerunds and infinitives

    1. 1. GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES Mgs. Paúl González T. 1
    2. 2. GERUNDS: SUBJECT AND OBJECT• A gerund (base form + -ing) is a verb that we use like a noun.I enjoy swimming in the lake.Smoking is responsible for several diseases.Not exercising is bad for you.I suggest not drinking too much beer.
    3. 3. • A gerund can be the subject of a sentence. It is always singular. Use the 3rd-person-singular form of the verb after gerunds.Inhaling smoke has devastating effects on one’s health. http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/newsid_6980000/newsid_6980300/6980325.stm
    4. 4. • A gerund can also be the object of certain verbs. Use a gerund after these verbs: admit, avoid, consider, deny, dislike, enjoy, finish, miss, practice, quit, suggest, understand.The president denies ordering audit.She practiced signing autographs.I suggested not drinking too much beer.
    5. 5. • We often use go + gerund to describe activities such as shopping, fishing, skiing, swimming, and camping.Let’s go fishing in the river!Sandra will go camping in Europe.They went skiing with their family. http://www.weissesroessl.at/en-holidays-lake-wolfgang-skiing.htm
    6. 6. • Because gerunds are nouns, they can also follow prepositions. prepositionsI thanked them for helping me.He believes in doing the right thing.Marge is afraid of flying.She’s happy about not working today.
    7. 7. INFINITIVES AFTER CERTAIN VERBS• Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive (to + base form of the verb). For example: begin, decide, fail, hope, learn, plan, promise, refuse, try.He hopes to be promoted.She refuses to go to the show.I began to use an ipod.Jack promised not to be late. 7
    8. 8. • Some verbs need an object (noun or pronoun) before infinitive. For example: advise, allow, encourage, force, invite, order, remind, tell, warn.This program allows students to interact.I encourage you to access EVA.He forced himself to be silent. 8
    9. 9. GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES• Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive. For example: begin, continue, hate, like, love, prefer.Jeff hates studying.Jeff hates to study.
    10. 10. • To make general statements, you can use:• Gerund as subjectWriting a paper is hard.• it + infinitive http://virginsheets.blogspot.com/2010/12/writing-for-yourself.htmlIt’s hard to write a paper.
    11. 11. GRACIAS 11

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