Communicative Grammar II

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Contiene temas como Adjetives, Verbos, Superlatives.

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  • Communicative Grammar II

    1. 1. ESCUELA : INGLÉS NOMBRES: COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR II FECHA: ING. PAOLA A. CABRERA SOLANO OCTUBRE 2008 – FEBRERO 2009
    2. 2. SECOND TERM PART V: NOUNS AND ARTICLES: REVIEW AND EXPANSION TWENTY ONE: NOUNS AND QUANTIFIERS TWENTY TWO: ARTICLES: INDEFINITE AND DEFINITE
    3. 3. PART VI: ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS TWENTY THREE: ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS TWENTY FOUR: COMPARISONS WITH AS ……. As AND THAN TWENTY FIVE: ADJECTIVES: SUPERLATIVES TWENTY SIX: ADVERBS: AS….AS, COMPARATIVES, SUPERLATIVES
    4. 4. PART VII: GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES TWENTY SEVEN: GERUNDS: SUBJECT AND OBJECT TWENTY EIGHT: GERUNDS AFTER PREPOSITIONS TWENTY NINE: INFINITIVES AFTER CERTAIN VERBS THIRTY: INFINITIVES OF PURPOSE THIRTY ONE: INFINITIVES WITH TOO AND ENOUGH THIRTY TWO: GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES
    5. 5. PART VIII: MORE MODALS AND SIMILAR EXPRESSIONS THIRTY THREE: PREFERENCES: PREFER, WOULD PREFER, WOULD RATHER THIRTY FOUR: NECESSITY: HAVE (GOT) TO, MUST, DON’T HAVE TO, MUST NOT, CAN’T THIRTY FIVE: EXPECTATIONS: BE SUPPOSED TO THIRTY SIX: FUTURE POSSIBILITY: MAY, MIGHT, COULD THIRTY SEVEN: CONCLUSIONS: MUST, HAVE (GOT) TO, MAY, MIGHT, COULD, CAN’T
    6. 6. UNIT 21 NOUNS AND QUANTIFIERS <ul><li>Proper nouns are the names of particular people, places, or things. Examples: Egypt, October, Chinese. </li></ul><ul><li>Common nouns refer to people, places and things, but not by their names. Example: builder, city, country. </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>COUNT NOUNS </li></ul><ul><li>People, places or things you can count separately. </li></ul><ul><li>Singular or plural. </li></ul><ul><li>They take singular or plural verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>You can use a / an or the before them . </li></ul>
    8. 8. COUNT NOUNS: EXAMPLES
    9. 9. <ul><li>NOUN COUNT NOUNS </li></ul><ul><li>Are things that you cannot count separately. </li></ul><ul><li>They have no plural forms. </li></ul><ul><li>They take singular verbs and pronouns. </li></ul><ul><li>We usually do not use a/an with them. </li></ul>
    10. 11. QUANTIFIERS
    11. 14. We saw many people We saw much pollution
    12. 15. <ul><li>UNIT 23 </li></ul><ul><li>ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS </li></ul>Adjectives describe people paces or things. This place is quiet. My book is interesting. Adverbs give more information about verbs, adjectives or another adverbs. They got it very quickly He walks slowly Adverbs of manner:ly Adverbs of frequency: how often something happens. slow - slowly loud - loudly usually often sometimes
    13. 16. <ul><li>UNIT 24 </li></ul><ul><li>ADJECTIVES: COMPARISONS WITH AS … AS AND THAN </li></ul>Use (not) as + adjective + as to compare people, places, or things. Pizza Place is as good as Joe’s This car isn’t as expensive as mine. Use comparative adjectives + than to show how people, places or things are different Quito is bigger than Loja. The new teacher is more professional than the old one. Several ways of forming comparative adjectives. Pages 279 - 280 Some examples Loud - louder Late - later Good - bad More - interesting Less - interesting
    14. 17. <ul><li>UNIT 25: ADJECTIVES - SUPERLATIVES </li></ul>Superlative adjectives to compare one person, place, or thing with other people, places, or things in a group. Gina is the most intelligent in the class. Blue is the nicest color. For short adjetives (1 and 2 syllables ending in – y) use the + adjective + - est loud – the loudest friendly + the friendliest
    15. 18. UNIT 25: ADJECTIVES - SUPERLATIVES For long adjetives (two or more syllables), use the most / the least + adjective The most expensive. The least expensive. The superlative is used with words and expressions such as: in - of one of or some of second, third, fourth etc. ever + present perfect This is the biggest city in the world. Toronto is one of the most wonderful cities in the world. It has the third largest transportation system This is the biggest building I’ve ever seen.
    16. 19. <ul><li>UNIT 2 </li></ul><ul><li>GERUNDS: SUBECT AND OBJECT </li></ul>A gerund ( base form of the verb + ing) is a verb that we use like a noun. <ul><li>Teaching English is great. </li></ul><ul><li>Swimming is relaxing. </li></ul><ul><li>The doctor suggested not drinking coffe for a while. </li></ul>A gerund can be the subject of a sentence. It is always singular. Use the third – person – singular form of the verb after gerunds. Eating fish makes me sick Smoking gives me bronchitis A gerund can also be the object of certain verbs. Use a gerund after these verbs: admit, avoid, consider, deny, dislike, enjoy, and so on. I dislike staying near smokers in cafés. We finished studying and went out.
    17. 20. <ul><li>UNIT 30: INFINITIVES OF PURPOSE </li></ul>To + base form of the verb to explain purpose of an action. Why? Why did you go to the mall? I went there to buy a new computer. In order to + base form of verb to explain a purpose. In order not to + base form of verb to explain a negative purpose. I bought my first camera phone in order to send instant photos. Reporters use camera phones in order not to miss deadlines.
    18. 21. <ul><li>UNIT 32: GERUNDS AND INFINITIVES </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to review the lists of vebs that can be followed by gerunds or infinitives on pages 357 and 358 </li></ul>GERUNDS INFINITIVES She loves taking long breaks She loves to take long breaks Changing habits is hard It’s hard to change habits He enjoys going to the park He wants to go to the park
    19. 22. <ul><li>UNIT 33: PREFERENCES: PREFER, WOULD PREFER, WOULD RATHER </li></ul><ul><li>We prefer Italian food. </li></ul><ul><li>I’d rather go. More info 379 </li></ul><ul><li>We’d prefer to have Chinese food. </li></ul>
    20. 23. <ul><li>UNIT 36: FUTURE POSSIBILITY: MAY, MIGHT, COULD </li></ul><ul><li>It may be windy later. </li></ul><ul><li>It could rain tomorrow. More info 408 </li></ul><ul><li>It might get cold tonight. </li></ul>
    21. 24. It might not rain You may not need a book More info 408 I couldn’t do that
    22. 25. UNIT 37: CONLUSIONS: MUST, HAVE (GOT) TO, MAY, MIGHT, COULD, CAN’T His house must be quite small. It’s got to be a joke. She might be a singer.
    23. 26. UNIT 37: CONLUSIONS: MUST, HAVE (GOT) TO, MAY, MIGHT, COULD, CAN’T They can’t be dead. She must not be a doctor. It can’t be true.
    24. 27. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul><ul><li>FOR YOUR </li></ul><ul><li>ATTENTION </li></ul><ul><li>e-mail: pacabrera@utpl.edu.ec </li></ul><ul><li>GOOD LUCK! </li></ul>

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