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A principle of selection of modes and their spatial harmonics in periodic waveguides and, in particular, in spatially developed slowing systems for multibeam traveling-wave tubes (TWTs) is elaborated. The essence of the principle is in the following: varying along the length of the system its period and at least one more parameter that determines the phase shift per period, one can provide constant phase velocity of one spatial harmonic and destroy other spatial harmonics, i.e., reduce their amplitudes substantially. In this case, variations of the period may be significant, and the slowing system becomes nonuniform, or pseudoperiodic; namely, one of the spatial harmonics remains the same as in the initial periodic structure. Relationships are derived for the amplitudes of the spatial-wave harmonics, interaction coefficient, and coupling impedance of the pseudoperiodic system. The possibility of the mode selection in pseudoperiodic slowing systems when the synchronism condition is satisfied for the spatial harmonic of one mode is investigated. The efficiency of suppressing spurious spatial harmonics and modes for linear and abrupt variation of spacing is estimated. The elaborated principle of selection of spatial harmonics and modes is illustrated by an example of a two-section helical-waveguide slowing system.