Comprising about 70% of the earth surface water is
one of the essential and most sought after resource in
the world. With this essentiality it makes water a very
useful resource to mankind, and therefore its wide
usage and importance.
Water in Ghana is consumed in many different forms;
Water in Ghana is used widely for irrigational activities
Since Agriculture occupies vast of the country’s
economy, water becomes very important in that sector.
FOR INDUSTRIAL PURPOSES
Water is also used widely in the industrial firms. Most
of the water is used in the production of goods and the
cooling of machines in the Factories.
FOR DOMESTIC PURPOSES.
Water is mainly consumed in Ghana for the purpose of
domestic activities. These activities include bathing,
cooking, washing of clothes and utensils and cleaning
These activities use and its necessity to be protected.
Water in Ghana can be obtained from numerous sources, these
The sea (Marine)
Ghana is bounded to the south by the sea therefore, the sea
provides water for those residing in the coastal areas.
Streams and Rivers
Streams and rivers are very remarkable sources of water for the
rural areas, since these water bodies flow through these areas.
Hydrologic power plants
These plants purify the water from the water bodies such as the
rivers, streams and lagoon.
Water, even though has a lot of uses has faces wastage
problems. The following are the various ways in which
water is wasted in Ghana.
Leaving of taps flowing with no one attending to it.
Water is also wasted when gardeners overwater their
lawns and garden with water.
CAUSES OF WATER POLLUTION
Water pollution in Ghana is caused mainly by human
activities. These activities be can be grouped into two,
These include large industries, refineries and
treatment plants connecting tubes into water bodies
and depositing their waste materials into the water
These include contaminants from the soil, agricultural
practices such as fertilizer from farms draining into