Learning teaching append


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Learning teaching append

  1. 1. An introduction to classroom management Part Observation tasks 主讲: ZHENGXIAFEI 制作:浙江外国语学院 08 英本 3 班 指导教师: VICTORGAO 教材: Learning Teaching Appendix
  2. 2. OBSERVATION TASK 3 Classroom interaction <ul><li>Main task: Draw a rough sketch map of the classroom, marking each seating </li></ul><ul><li>position and the place where the teacher is standing or sitting. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a two-minute period near the start of the lesson and simple put a mark next to each person who says something. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Here is a map I made during one teacher’s class:
  4. 4. Variations on the task: <ul><li>you could easily extend this idea of ‘mapping’ the classroom to take other factors into account. </li></ul><ul><li>you could include arrows to indicate who was being spoken to. </li></ul><ul><li>Or you could record the movements of the teacher over a short period of the lesson. </li></ul>
  5. 5. For example:
  6. 6. OBSERVATION TASK 4 Staging <ul><li>Use an ARC observation form to record the apparent stages of the lesson </li></ul><ul><li>If possible, compare your interpretation of what you saw with the teacher’s own view after the lesson. </li></ul>
  7. 9. OBSERVATION TASK 5 Objectives <ul><li>This task is appropriate if you are observing a class and you have not had a chance to discuss the lesson with the teacher before you observe. </li></ul><ul><li>Within the first five minutes, write a sentence that reflects your perception of the likely student achievements within the lesson. </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>Work on this sentence as the lesson proceeds .Adjust, edit, delete, rewrite it. Or leave it . </li></ul><ul><li>By the end of the lesson, have a sentence that reflects what the students </li></ul>
  9. 13. <ul><li>Also consider: Do you think that the teacher had pre-planned objectives? </li></ul><ul><li>Did the objectives evolve as the lesson progressed? Was it hard to work out what was </li></ul><ul><li>achieved? </li></ul>
  10. 14. <ul><li>After the lesson ( if possible ) have a brief chat with the teacher and find out what </li></ul><ul><li>he/she considers had been achieved. </li></ul>
  11. 15. OBSERVATION TASK 6 The learners <ul><li>Task: As you arrive in the classroom, choose (privately!) one student to focus on in your observation. </li></ul><ul><li>Watch this student throughout the lesson and make notes under the heading below.A </li></ul>
  12. 19. OBSERVATION TASK 7 Feedback to learners <ul><li>How does the teacher give feedback to students? Note some specific examples. </li></ul><ul><li>What did the student do or say ? What did the teacher do or say? Comment on the intentions or attitudes you think might underlie the teacher’s response. </li></ul>
  13. 20. <ul><li>Consider: Facial expression; gesture; movement; noises; listening (really listening?); answering (really answering?) ; correcting; ignoring; encouraging group to respond rather than herself </li></ul>
  14. 22. OBSERVATION TASK 8 Errors and correction <ul><li>Task: Note down some student errors. Categorize each error (eg wrong tense, wrong phoneme, meaning unclear). Describe in detail what happened next. For example: </li></ul>
  15. 26. <ul><li>(Some consideration: Did anyone notice that there was an error? Who? Did the teacher do anything? Did the students do anything? Did the other students do anything? Who? Did anyone indicate that there was an error? Who? Did anyone correct the error? Who? How was it corrected?) </li></ul>
  16. 27. <ul><li>Any questions? </li></ul>
  17. 89. <ul><li>Any questions? </li></ul>