<ul>Pronouns </ul><ul>Like nouns, but more professional </ul>
<ul>What are pronouns? </ul><ul>Pronouns take the place of nouns. The word or phrase replaced by a pronoun is called an antecedent . </ul>
<ul>Ms. Baldwin's class is great. It is very educational. (Class is the antecedent in this selection. It is replaced by a pronoun.) * Note: the same thing occurred within the parentheses. </ul><ul>Here's a fun example </ul>
<ul>Pronouns can take the place of a noun in the subjective , objective , and possessive forms. </ul>
Use objective pronouns when replacing a direct or indirect object, an object of a preposition, an appositive renaming an object, or a subject of an infinitive. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bobby ate it . (Direct object)
<ul>But really... </ul><ul>Lets learn about who , whoever , whom , and whomever </ul>
<ul>Who and Whom in a Question </ul><ul><li>Used in a question </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who cares? (Subjective)
Whom did you visit? (Objective) </li></ul></ul><ul>Can't tell which one to use? Try replacing the who word with either he or him. Those pronouns will match up with who and whom respectively. For example: If you can't decide whether Who cares? Or Whom cares? is correct, replace it with he. He cares? makes sense, so who is correct </ul>
<ul>The Who words in a dependent clause </ul><ul><li>Remember that Who and whoever are subjective
<ul>______ did you say was our most likely suspect? </ul>
<ul>Who did you say was our most likely </ul><ul>suspect? </ul>
<ul>______ the committee recommends is likely to receive a job offer </ul>
<ul>Whoever the committee recommends is likely to receive a job offer. </ul>
<ul>Compound Structures </ul><ul><li>When the pronoun is a part of a compound subject, complement, object, or appositive, put it in the same case you would use if the pronoun were alone. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When a sentence says: Come rob the bank with L.J. Skittles and _____ .
Pretend it says: Come rob the bank with _____ .
<ul>Case in Elliptical Constructions </ul><ul><li>An elliptical construction occurs when a word I implied but not in the sentence. When this occurs and leaves a pronoun at the end, put that pronoun in the form it would be if the word were present. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barry has always been more prone to accidents than he . (Tack on the has to the end to get it right)
Ty likes women more than he . (Add likes women in your mind to determine the correct form) </li></ul></ul>
<ul>We and Us before a Noun </ul><ul><li>If you are unsure which to use, omit the noun being described. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>_____ students love the University of Arkansas.
<ul>Pronoun-antecedent Agreement </ul><ul>Just make sure they match up in gender, number, and person. When there are compound antecedents conjoined by a conjunction, be sure to make a plural pronoun. </ul>
<ul>Sexism </ul><ul>Try not to use he when the sentence can avoid it. This is sexist and could inadvertently cause WWIII. Writers used to use he as a pronoun for any ambiguous term. For example: The dog chewed on his toy. Innocent, right? Wrong. That dog might be a girl. Instead, say its toy or a toy. </ul>
<ul>If a pronoun might be referring to more than one antecedent, modify the sentence to fix the problem. </ul><ul>Ambiguous Pronoun References </ul>
<ul>This, It, That, and Which </ul><ul>Beware! It could be confusing as these words can refer to almost anything. * Note: Above I said “ It could be confusing...” I should have said “ Using these words ” or something more specific. Otherwise you might believe I was solely referring to the word it. </ul>
<ul>Who, Which, and That </ul><ul><li>Who refers to a specific person. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The doctor who saved my life was nice. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Which refers to a generic name for a group or type of things. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheetahs, which are very pretty, are also very nice. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>That refers to things, or an anonymous collective group of people. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The students that cleaned the cafeteria are nice. </li></ul></ul>