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  1. 1. <ul>Pronouns </ul><ul>Like nouns, but more professional </ul>
  2. 2. <ul>What are pronouns? </ul><ul>Pronouns take the place of nouns. The word or phrase replaced by a pronoun is called an antecedent . </ul>
  3. 3. <ul>Ms. Baldwin's class is great. It is very educational. (Class is the antecedent in this selection. It is replaced by a pronoun.) * Note: the same thing occurred within the parentheses. </ul><ul>Here's a fun example </ul>
  4. 4. <ul>Pronouns can take the place of a noun in the subjective , objective , and possessive forms. </ul>
  5. 5. <ul>Subjective Pronouns </ul><ul><li>I, we, you, he, she, it, they, who, and whoever
  6. 6. Use these pronouns when replacing the subject of a clause, a subject complement, or an appositive renaming the first two. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>She is the best. (Subject of a clause)
  7. 7. The best player was he . (Subject complement) (Also it sounds weird)
  8. 8. Four students- Johnny, Rosie, Jerry, and I - worked on this assignment. (Appositive) (Names have been changed to protect the identities of the students.) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul>Objective Pronouns </ul><ul><li>Me, us, you, him, her, it, them, whom, and whomever
  10. 10. Use objective pronouns when replacing a direct or indirect object, an object of a preposition, an appositive renaming an object, or a subject of an infinitive. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bobby ate it . (Direct object)
  11. 11. The teacher gave us a star. (Indirect object)
  12. 12. Come with me . (Object of the preposition)
  13. 13. He picked his best friends, Ray and me . (Appositive)
  14. 14. She convinced him to kill it. (Subject of an infinitive) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul>Possessive Pronouns </ul><ul><li>My, our, your, his, hers, its, their, whose , mine, ours, yours, his, hers, its, and theirs .
  16. 16. Used to show ownership. They are either used as adjectives or nouns . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The students bombed their tests. (Form of Adjective!)
  17. 17. The narcotics were hers . (Form of Noun!) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul>The forms of Who </ul>
  19. 19. <ul>The Who </ul>
  20. 20. <ul>Boo Who </ul>
  21. 21. <ul>Guess Who (Game) </ul>
  22. 22. <ul>Guess Who (film) </ul>
  23. 23. <ul>Horton Hears a Who </ul>
  24. 24. <ul>But really... </ul><ul>Lets learn about who , whoever , whom , and whomever </ul>
  25. 25. <ul>Who and Whom in a Question </ul><ul><li>Used in a question </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who cares? (Subjective)
  26. 26. Whom did you visit? (Objective) </li></ul></ul><ul>Can't tell which one to use? Try replacing the who word with either he or him. Those pronouns will match up with who and whom respectively. For example: If you can't decide whether Who cares? Or Whom cares? is correct, replace it with he. He cares? makes sense, so who is correct </ul>
  27. 27. <ul>The Who words in a dependent clause </ul><ul><li>Remember that Who and whoever are subjective
  28. 28. And that Whom and Whomever are Objective.
  29. 29. You can decide how they are used based off of that or by replacing them with he/him. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The building was made for whoever would use it. (Subjective)
  30. 30. The stranger was not whom she had expected. (Objective) </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. <ul>She is someone ________ will go far. </ul>
  32. 32. <ul>She is someone who will go far. </ul>
  33. 33. <ul>______ did you say was our most likely suspect? </ul>
  34. 34. <ul>Who did you say was our most likely </ul><ul>suspect? </ul>
  35. 35. <ul>______ the committee recommends is likely to receive a job offer </ul>
  36. 36. <ul>Whoever the committee recommends is likely to receive a job offer. </ul>
  37. 37. <ul>Compound Structures </ul><ul><li>When the pronoun is a part of a compound subject, complement, object, or appositive, put it in the same case you would use if the pronoun were alone. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When a sentence says: Come rob the bank with L.J. Skittles and _____ .
  38. 38. Pretend it says: Come rob the bank with _____ .
  39. 39. Thus the answer would be me . </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. <ul>Case in Elliptical Constructions </ul><ul><li>An elliptical construction occurs when a word I implied but not in the sentence. When this occurs and leaves a pronoun at the end, put that pronoun in the form it would be if the word were present. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barry has always been more prone to accidents than he . (Tack on the has to the end to get it right)
  41. 41. Ty likes women more than he . (Add likes women in your mind to determine the correct form) </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. <ul>We and Us before a Noun </ul><ul><li>If you are unsure which to use, omit the noun being described. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>_____ students love the University of Arkansas.
  43. 43. We love the University of Arkansas.
  44. 44. The Razorbacks depend on ______ fans.
  45. 45. The Razorbacks depend on us . </li></ul></ul>
  46. 46. <ul>Pronoun-antecedent Agreement </ul><ul>Just make sure they match up in gender, number, and person. When there are compound antecedents conjoined by a conjunction, be sure to make a plural pronoun. </ul>
  47. 47. <ul>Sexism </ul><ul>Try not to use he when the sentence can avoid it. This is sexist and could inadvertently cause WWIII. Writers used to use he as a pronoun for any ambiguous term. For example: The dog chewed on his toy. Innocent, right? Wrong. That dog might be a girl. Instead, say its toy or a toy. </ul>
  48. 48. <ul>If a pronoun might be referring to more than one antecedent, modify the sentence to fix the problem. </ul><ul>Ambiguous Pronoun References </ul>
  49. 49. <ul>This, It, That, and Which </ul><ul>Beware! It could be confusing as these words can refer to almost anything. * Note: Above I said “ It could be confusing...” I should have said “ Using these words ” or something more specific. Otherwise you might believe I was solely referring to the word it. </ul>
  50. 50. <ul>Who, Which, and That </ul><ul><li>Who refers to a specific person. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The doctor who saved my life was nice. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Which refers to a generic name for a group or type of things. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheetahs, which are very pretty, are also very nice. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>That refers to things, or an anonymous collective group of people. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The students that cleaned the cafeteria are nice. </li></ul></ul>
  51. 51. <ul>El Fin </ul>