Socialstudies ch. 3 l. 2 comparison

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Socialstudies ch. 3 l. 2 comparison

  1. 1. Buddhism And hinduism CHAPTER 3 – LESSON 2 Social studies
  2. 2. NEXT The beliefs of the Vedic Age develop into Hinduism and Buddhism. Section 2 Hinduism and Buddhism Develop
  3. 3. <ul><li>Hinduism evolves over centuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism </li></ul><ul><li>Collection of religious beliefs that developed slowly over time. </li></ul><ul><li>No one founder with a single set of ideas. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Origins and Beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>750–500 B.C. Hindu teachers create </li></ul><ul><li>Upanishads —texts of teachings. </li></ul><ul><li>Each person has atman —soul united with all others in Brahman. </li></ul><ul><li>In reincarnation , people reborn to new lives. </li></ul><ul><li>A soul’s good and bad deeds, karma , determines. </li></ul><ul><li>course of new life </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Hinduism Changes and Develops </li></ul><ul><li>Over last 2,500 years different forms of gods grow in importance. </li></ul><ul><li>Today, Hindus choose own path to moksha —a state of perfect understanding. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Hinduism and Society </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism strengthened the caste system </li></ul><ul><li>New Religions Arise </li></ul><ul><li>Jainism , a new religion, arises in 500s B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Jains will not harm any creature. </li></ul><ul><li>They work in trade, commerce; practice religious tolerance. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>The Buddha Seeks Enlightenment </li></ul><ul><li>Siddhartha Gautama </li></ul><ul><li>Founder of Buddhism; priests prophesized his greatness. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Siddhartha’s Quest </li></ul><ul><li>Raised in isolation, Siddhartha Gautama wants to learn about world. </li></ul><ul><li>Seeks enlightenment (wisdom), how to escape human suffering. </li></ul><ul><li>Tries many methods; gains enlightenment by meditating. </li></ul><ul><li>Becomes the Buddha, the “enlightened one.” </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Origins and Beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>Buddha begins to teach followers. </li></ul><ul><li>Preaches Four Noble Truths—basic philosophy of Buddhism. </li></ul><ul><li>Fourth Noble Truth is to follow the Eightfold path to achieve nirvana. </li></ul><ul><li>Nirvana : a perfect state of understanding a release from selfishness and pain a break from the chain of reincarnations, rebirths </li></ul><ul><li>Buddha rejects caste system and multiple gods of Hinduism. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The Religious Community </li></ul><ul><li>Some followers devote lives to religion, become monks and nuns. </li></ul><ul><li>Three bases of Buddhism: Buddha, religious community, teachings </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism and Society </li></ul><ul><li>Many followers at first among poor and lower caste. </li></ul><ul><li>Monks and nuns spread Buddha’s teachings. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachings written to become sacred literature. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Buddhism in India Buddhism in India • Spreads to other parts of Asia. • Never gains firm hold in India; Hinduism remains strong. • Buddhist pilgrims often visit India.
  12. 12. <ul><li>Trade and the Spread of Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism spreads by traders to: </li></ul><ul><li>Sri Lanka, Burma, Thailand, Sumatra </li></ul><ul><li>China, Korea, Japan </li></ul>
  13. 13. Buddhism and hinduism <ul><li>Comparison </li></ul><ul><li>Hinduism both Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>- Caste system Reincarnation - Four Noble </li></ul><ul><li> Truths. </li></ul><ul><li>- Many gods Enlightenment - Middle Way </li></ul><ul><li>Cyclical history </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Dalai Lama

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