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  1. 1. Tania and Martha<br />the dictionary<br />
  2. 2. DICTIONARY <br />Is the single most important resource students have for learning English.<br />It will give students greater control over their own learning.<br />We are not born knowing how to use dictionaries well, thus students need to gain the knowledge and skills to get what they can from the dictionary effectively. <br />Makes things explicit<br />Generates a great deal of thinking about meaning and language. <br />Dictionaries can provide useful support not simply when teachers are in doubt about something but when they want students to confirm their own suppositions about something in english. <br />
  3. 3. Dictionaries are not only a tool for private or individual learning problems<br />become a springboard to all sorts of other communicative and interactive activities.<br />Source of interaction,<br />Develop their confidence as dictionary users and as language learners. <br />Serve as a focus for communication and classroom interaction. <br />Help students explore personal preferences and learning styles and may also lead students to new modes of study <br />
  4. 4. Why teachers do not teach us how to use it?<br />Many teachers understand the need to teach dictionary skills, but nevertheless do not teach their students how to use a dictionary. These are some of the reasons for this.<br />Many teachers assume that the students already will know how to use an English-English dictionary effectively because they believe they can already use a dictionary well in spanish or other language. <br />Some teachers are afraid that students will resist an English-English dictionary, and stay dependent on the bilingual dictionary and feel that their efforts will be wasted.<br /> Convincing a student to learn to use an English-English dictionary takes a lot of time and commitment on the part of the teacher and the student. <br />Dictionary work is not part of the syllabus and work is not considered interesting. <br />Teachers do not have a clear understanding of what is in the dictionary or how to introduce an English-English dictionary. <br />
  5. 5. What kinds of dictionaries are there?<br />Bilingual dictionaries<br />Production dictionaries<br />Monolingual (English-English) dictionaries<br />Learner Dictionaries<br />Picture Dictionaries<br />Multimedia dictionaries<br />
  6. 6. Bilingual and Learner Dictionaries should not been seen as competitors, but as complementary to each other.<br />Many teachers and students believe bilingual are bad for language? But why?<br />Bilingual dictionaries reinforce the notion that there are eparallel worlds in the two languages, when in reality many concepts in spanish do not exist in english and cannot be translated, and vice versa.<br />Bilingual dictionaries emphasize the notion that translation is the best way to learn words.<br />They often have more than one translation in each headword and the student does not know which is the correct one to use. <br />However, in order to learn the language well, the student has to work within the language, not from outside it.<br />
  7. 7. MOVING TO LEARNERS DICTIONARY<br />The students will be practicing English as they use their dictionaries. <br />Mental effort is needed to use learner dictionaries<br />information will be retained and have a lasting effect. <br />Building their passive vocabulary. <br />Many words cannot be translated easily. <br />
  8. 8. What we need to analyze to decide which dictionary is best for a certain group?<br />The number of headwords<br />Difficulty to understand<br />Student proficiency level<br />Features in the dictionary<br />Pronunciation systems<br />Symbols in the dictionary<br />Clarity of the layout<br />Availability of training activities<br />Price and availability<br />Size and weight<br />
  9. 9. Whento use a dictionary and whennot?<br />Try toguessfirstinstead of going<br />directytodictionary.<br /><ul><li>Independency
  10. 10. Betterguessers
  11. 11. Think more deeply</li></ul>NO<br /><ul><li>Conversation = disruptfluency</li></ul>YES<br /><ul><li>Languagestudy</li></li></ul><li>Encourage use of dictionary<br />Always lookout for opportunities to build up the students skills in using their dictionary. <br />Try to make the classroom activities engaging so that those students who do not like dictionaries will reach for them more readily. Enjoyable activities affect student motivation. <br />Integrate dictionary work throughout the class rather than have it as a separate session.  see the dictionary as an integral part of language learning. <br />When you ask the students to use a dictionary, use it yourself. <br />