Chapter 5 lesson 2 vocabulary

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Chapter 5 lesson 2 vocabulary

  1. 1. CHAPTER 5 LESSON 2 Warring City-States
  2. 2. Vocabulary <ul><li>POLIS.- A Greek city-state of ancient Greece after about 750 B.C. </li></ul>
  3. 3. ACROPOLIS <ul><li>Fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city. </li></ul>
  4. 4. MONARCHY <ul><li>Government ruled by a king or queen. </li></ul>
  5. 5. ARISTOCRACY <ul><li>Government ruled by a small group of noble families. </li></ul>
  6. 6. OLIGARCHY <ul><li>Government ruled by a few powerful people. </li></ul>
  7. 7. TYRANT <ul><li>Powerful ruler who gained control of a city-state government by asking the poor people for support. </li></ul>
  8. 8. DEMOCRACY <ul><li>Govenment ruled by the citizens and their representatives. </li></ul>
  9. 9. HELOT <ul><li>Peasant forced to stay on the land. </li></ul>
  10. 10. PHALANX <ul><li>Side-byside fighting formation of Greek foot soldiers. </li></ul>
  11. 11. PHALANX
  12. 12. PERSIAN WAR <ul><li>Wars in the fifth century B.C. that Greeks and city-states battled the Persian Empire. </li></ul>

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