A king of ancient Egypt, considered as god as well as a political and military leader.
A government in which the riler is viewed as a divine figure. A government controlled by religious leaders.
A massive structure with a rectangular base and four triangular sides, like those that were built in Egypt as burial places for Old Kingdom pharaohs.
An ancient Egyptian writing system in which pictures were used to represent ideas and sounds.
A tall reed that grows in the Nile delta, used by the Ancient Egyptians to make a paperlike material for writing on.
A process of embalming and drying corpses to prevent them from decaying.
2. Which of the Egyptian achievements do you consider the most important? Explain Pyramida, mummification, hieroglyphic, written numbers, calendars, medicine. 3. How did being surrounded by deserts benefit Egypt? The deserts shut out invaders; spared Egyptians from constant warfare.
4. How did the Egyptians view the pharaoh? They viewed the pharaoh as a god who had full responsibility for the kingdom. 5. Why did Egyptians mummify bodies? Bodies were mummified to preserve them from the afterlife.
6. Which of the three natural features that served as boundaries in ancient Egypt was most important to Egypt’s history? River-Fertile soil, transportation. Cataract-Limited outside contact, invaders. Desert-Obstacle to outside contact, to invasion.
7. What impact did Egyptian religious beliefs have on the lives of Egyptians? Religion was important. Egyptians focused on the afterlife, as seen in their temples, toms, and mummification.
8. how were cuneiform and hieroglyphic writing similar? Different? Both used symbols for ideas and sounds. Cuneiform was written on clay. Hieroglyphic was written on clay and stone, later on papyrus sheets.