Guided Discovery

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Guided Discovery

  1. 1. Guided Discovery for Language Instruction: A Framework for Implementation at all LevelsVicky Saumell
  2. 2. Scenarios Classroom 2 Classroom 1 Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/eltpics/5285505796Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/chicago2016/3277193678 and http://www.flickr.com/photos/eltpics/5285506260 3 Guided Discovery for Language Instruction l March 2012
  3. 3. Implications4 Guided Discovery for Language Instruction l March 2012
  4. 4. Drawbacks Deductive Inductive • lack of fun, interest and motivation • time and energy-consuming • lack of meaning, memorability • misunderstanding of the rule • control • lesson planning and materials • teacher-centered • certain learning styles • certain learning styles5 Guided Discovery for Language Instruction l March 2012
  5. 5. Guided Discovery a modified inductive approach in which there is • exposure to language first, • inference, • explicit focus on rules • and practice.6 Guided Discovery for Language Instruction l March 2012
  6. 6. Uses • grammatical form, • usage, • pronunciation, • spelling • lexis. Important Make sure that the rules we present fulfill the following guidelines 1. The rules should be true; 2. The rules should show clearly what limits are on the use of a given form; 3. The rules need to be clear; 4. The rules ought to be simple; 5. The rules needs to make use of concepts already familiar to the learners; 6. The rules ought to be relevant. as outlined by Michael Swan (cited in Thornbury, 1999, p. 32)7 Guided Discovery for Language Instruction l March 2012
  7. 7. Benefits Cognitive and linguistic benefits • Mental involvement • More thorough learning • Personal connection • Similar to natural language learning/acquisition • Problem solving • Cognitive and Critical thinking skills • Articulation of mental processes • Active participation • Extra language practice Martin Sharman http://www.flickr.com/photos/sharman/4935276033/8 Guided Discovery for Language Instruction l March 2012
  8. 8. Benefits Social benefits • Motivation • Student participation • Learning autonomy • Collaboration • Learner empowerment • New-found knowledge ownership • Proactivity • Hands-on approach Retrieved from http://www.mediaspin.com9 Guided Discovery for Language Instruction l March 2012
  9. 9. Benefits Guided Discovery Learning is memorable It is learner-centered and meaningful The teacher becomes a facilitator It comes from learners’ own reasoningRetrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/ucentralarkansas/4535060043 10 Guided Discovery for Language Instruction l March 2012
  10. 10. A step by step methodological framework Step 1: Exposure to language through examples or illustrations • Isolated sentences • Sentences in context • Illustrations or photos • Reading or listening11 Guided Discovery for Language Instruction l March 2012
  11. 11. A step by step methodological framework Step 2: Observation and analysis of the language through guided questions • through questions, • by completing gaps in sentences or rules • or by matching examples and rules12 Guided Discovery for Language Instruction l March 2012
  12. 12. A step by step methodological framework Step 3: Statement of the rule • construction of new knowledge13 Guided Discovery for Language Instruction l March 2012
  13. 13. A step by step methodological framework Step 4: Application of the rule in practice tasks graded by difficulty or complexity • controlled practice • freer practice14 Guided Discovery for Language Instruction l March 2012
  14. 14. Further examples at Intermediate/ B1+ level Step 1: Steps 2 and 3:15 Guided Discovery for Language Instruction l March 2012
  15. 15. Step 4: • controlled practice • freer practice16 Guided Discovery for Language Instruction l March 2012
  16. 16. Further examples at Beginner/ A1 levelStep 1: Step 3: Step 4:17 Guided Discovery for Language Instruction l March 2012
  17. 17. Further examples What if my book is designed after Switch the order of the tasks a more traditional 1. Present examples on the board first approach? or ask students to find examples from reading texts 2. Ask questions orally to highlight the main concepts involved 3. Use the explanation in the book 4. Do the practice task18 Guided Discovery for Language Instruction l March 2012
  18. 18. Guided Discovery • more modern language learning theories • student participation • development of critical thinking skills and autonomy • analytic learning and problem solving • engagement in the learning process • personal connections to anchor their learning • learner-centered approach • participation and collaboration • responsibility for their own learning A valid and useful way of approaching language instruction at all levels of language ability19 Guided Discovery for Language Instruction l March 2012
  19. 19. Thank you My contact details E-mail: saumell.vicky@gmail.com Website: http://vickysaumell.blogspot.com/ Twitter: vickysaumellReferences:• Al-Kharrat, M. (2000). Deductive & Inductive Lessons for Saudi EFL Freshmen Students, The InternetTESL Journal, 6/10• Chan, P. (2010). Empowering Students to Self-learn, ELT World Online: Voices from the Classroom, 2• Gollin, J. (1998). Deductive vs. Inductive language learning, ELT Journal, 52/1, 88-89• Handoyo Puji Widodo, (2006). Approaches and procedures for teaching grammar, English Teaching:Practice and Critique, 5/1, 122-141• Thornbury, S. (1999). How to Teach Grammar. Harlow, England: Pearson Education Limited

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