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wine and grape with france regions.......
"Beer is made by men, wine by God!" --- Martin LutherintroducingWINE
RED GRAPECabernet Sauvignon: Red, small, and tough Wine taste like blackberries and cedar Bordeaux uses the Cabernet Sauvignon grape, usually mixed in with Merlot These grapes are also grown widely in California and Australia Contains a lot of tannin, which leads to a good red wine when properly aged.
RED GRAPECabernet Franc: A "parent" of the Cabernet Sauvignon grape. Is used in Bordeaux : For Flavor Also used in the Loire Valley, called Breton. Other names are Bouchy, Bouchet, Gros Bouchet and Veron Cabernet Franc is mostly used as an additive to blend with other grapes.
RED GRAPEMerlot: This is an early ripening grape Gentle flavors of cherry, honey, and sometimes mint. Has less tannin Major blending component of most Bordeaux wines. Grown is in France, Italy, Australia, and in the states - California, Washington, and Long Island, NY.
Barbera: RED GRAPE Low-tannin grape known for its tarry flavor. Widely planted - in California its about equal with Merlot grape vines, while in its home in Italy it has more acerage than Sangiovese and Nebbiolo. Piedmont is especially well known for this grape.
RED GRAPEPinot Noir: Softer and earlier ripening than Cabernet grapes Are very sensitive to conditions. Used often in red wines Also used (without skins) in Champagne. Made in Burgundy, and also Australia, California, Oregon, Italy
RED GRAPESyrah/Shiraz: Grown in France and California as Syrah wine, and in Australia as Shiraz. In France, it is associated with the Rhone Valley and Hermitage red wines. Syrah tends towards a minerally, blueberry, or sometimes spicy and peppery type of flavour.
WHITE GRAPEChardonnay: Fresh, fruity grape grown in Burgundy, Champagne, California, Australia, and South Africa. Taste like fruits - melon, peach, etc. - and also many have an oaky flavour. Most popular and easiest to grow white grapes - it buds early, grows easily and has high ripeness levels.
WHITE GRAPEChenin Blanc: Makes a light, fruity wine. Planted primarily in the US and in the Loire valley of France. In South Africa this grape is referred to as Steen. Also known as White Pinot (Pinot Blanco) Able to age ten years or more.
WHITE GRAPEPinot Gris or Pinot grigio: Clone of Pinot Noir Grown in France, Germany, Austria and along the west coast of the US. Also known as Rulander or Grauer Burgunder Can be used to create both fine whites and roses.
Riesling: WHITE GRAPE Dessert wine-grape Can produce dry crisp and fruity wine Honeyed, musky flavours in warmer climate Riesling wine is native to Germany, and is also used in France, Australia, California, and many other countries The Finger Lakes region of New York are well known for their Rieslings. Riesling is also used in the creation of Ice Wines
WHITE GRAPESauvignon Blanc: This grape is grown primarily in California and France. It has a grassy flavour and makes a crisp, light wine.
WINE REGION OF FRANCE• BORDEAUX• Located in south west of France between the Dordogne river from the north and Gironde river from the south• Mild winters and warm summers• Grapes• Red Grapes: Cabernet Sauvignon , cabernet Franc, petit Verdot and merlot• White Grapes: Sauvignon Blanc, Muscadelle ,Semillon• Bordeaux reds are known as Clarets• Any wine grown in Bordeaux can have general A.O.C. Bordeaux or Bordeaux Suprier• Medoc and Graves use their own name A.C. –known as regional appellation• Commune appellation is stricter
WINE REGION OF FRANCE• BURGUNDY• Thus possible to get wine of the same year from the same vineyard that vary in character and price.• Wine made from the mixture of Pinot Noir and Gamay is entitled to the Passé tout –Wines from the Aligote bears the Appellation Bourgogne Aligote• Vineyard Appellation are when certain vineyards are highly regarded for their quality that their names become Appellation• Certain plots of Commune produce Superior wines , their name appears after the name of the Commune• Wine producing areas of Burgundy Chablis Cote d Or (Cote de Nuits and Cote de Beaune) Maconnais Cote Chalonnaise Beaujolais
WINE REGION OF FRANCE• COTE DE RHONE• Low quality wines are sold under the General appellation Cote De Rhone• Some areas have their own Appellation• Red grape varieties:Syrah, Grenache Noir, Cinsault• White grape varieties:Viognier,Clairette• Hermitage Granite sub soil allows Syrah to produce strong rich red wine that need a few years to develop usually 3 to 4 years.• Chateauneuf De Pape District named after the ruined castle Vineyards with cream coloured boulders about the size of clenched fists They radiate heat at night resulting in the thorough ripening of the grapes The wines are alcoholic tannin• Tavel Sandy soil in this region helps in making very good rose Chalky soil helps in giving very good Champagne It is meant to be drunk within two years of Vintage
WINE REGION OF FRANCE• LOIRE• Region can be divided into four main Vineyards• Nantais District: white wine from Muscadet grapes• Anjou Saumur District: Anjou produces rose wines from cabernet grapes and is marketed as Cabernet d Anjou Rose.• Touraine District: vineyards surround the city of Tours Wines from this district are light and honeyed character. The best of the wines have unusual ability to improve in the bottle for fifty years.• Central Vineyards: Sancerre and Pouilly Fume coming from here are made from Sauvignon Blanc. They have a distinct aroma and drunk young.
WINE REGION OF FRANCE• ALSACE• North east of France• Best wines come from south of Alsace• Just one Appellation as Vin D Alsace• All Alsace wines are sold tall green bottles• Riesling best Alsace wines• Gewurztraminer produces spicy, wine with overpowering fruitiness. It is an excellent accompaniment to spicy food and strong cheese.• Reserve Cuvee Exceptionelle is the term used at the discretion of the maker to indicate the top quality wines• Vengdage Tardive means that the grapes have been harvested late in the season so that the wines will have more concentrated sweetness.
PICKINGManufacture of Champagne PRESSING FERMENTATIONChampagne Process or LIQUEUR DE TIRAGE SECONDARY FERMENTATION REMUAGE (360 Degree Rotation) RESTING AGING DEGORGEMENT (ICE BLOCK REMOVAL) DOSAGE (DESIRE SWEETNESS) RECORKING, PROCESSING AND BOTTLING
SERVICE OF WINE • SHOW THE LABEL AND SEAL OF WINE BOTTLE TO GUEST. • TAKE THE APPROVAL FROM THE GUEST. • OPEN IT AS PER THE STANDARD. • POUR A TESTING AMOUNT OF WINE i.e. 30 ml. • ASK THE GUET EITHER WINE IS FINE OR NOT. • IF APPROPRIATE SERVE THE GUESTS.
• What are the different types of wine?• Why there are various types of glasses used to serve Wine?• What are the main regions of FRANCE?• After distillation of Wine. It is called ………• What all grapes used in making CHAMPAGNE?