ASSGNMENT ON:CLASIFICATION OF VITAMINSSubmitted by: Waqas NawazSubmitted to:Dr.Muhammad Farooq IqbalSubject:Pricipal of animal nutritionAN (102)
VITAMINS CLASSIFICATION VITAMINSWater soluble vitamins include ii) Fat soluble vitamins include Vitamin C also called citric acid Vitamin A ( Retinol) Vitamin B1 (thiamine) Vitamin D Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) Vitamin B3 (niacin) Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) D2 (Ergocalciferol) D3 (Cholicalciferol) Vitamin B9 (folic acid) Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) Vitamin E (Tocoferol) Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) Cholin Biotin. Alpha Beta Gama Vitamin K K1 (Phylloquinone) K2 (Menoquinone) K3 (Menodione)
Vitamin ClassificationThere are mainly two types of vitamins Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)classified based on their solubility. Theseare water soluble and y not fat soluble Function: It is involved in metabolism ofvitamins. carbohydrates, protein, fats Deficiency:(1) Its deficiency cause i) Water soluble vitamins dermatitis include: The contain C,H,O and may (2) In poultry it causes curled-toe paralysis contain S and Co They are not stored in body They are secreted into urine Vitamin B3 (niacin) They not cause toxicity It is also called nicotinamide They cannot synthesized by body Function: It is involved in metabolism They are not dietary essential Deficiency: Its deficiency cause pallegra (Disorder of digestive system)Vitamin C also called citric acidFunction: It is used as anti stressDeficiency:no known deficiency in Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid)animals.They can synthesize by digestive Function: It is involved in metabolismmicrobes. Deficiency: It deficiency cause dermatitisVitamin B1 (thiamine)Function: (1) They work as co-enzyme Vitamin B9 (folic acid) Function: It is involved in the synthesis of(2)they help in metabolism of carbohydrates, methyl groupprotein,fats Deficiency: Its deficiency cause anaemiaDeficiency:Its deficiency cause beri-beriIt also cause polyneuritis and star-grazing inpoultry
Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) Fat soluble vitaminsFunction: It is involved inmetabolism include They containDeficiency: Its deficiency causes C,H,Oepilepsy and convulsion(jerks) They are stored in the body They are secretedVitamin B12 (cobalamin) into faeces They causeFunction: It is invoved in metabolism toxicityDeficiency: Its deficiency cause slow They are notgrowth and less reproduction synthesized by body but sometimes synthesized They are dietaryCholin essentialFunction: It is involved in lipid metabolism General source for fat soluble vitamin It is part of lecithin are green pasture,Deficiency: Its deficiency cause fatty liver green fodder, green leafy hay, fish liver oil, yellow cornBiotin. grains, sunlightFunction: It is also invoved in metabolismDeficiency: Its deficiency cause dermatitis
Vitamin A Deficiency: Its deficiency cause osteomalcia and rickets It is also called retinol Its requirement is expressed in IU Vitamin EFunction: It is also called tocoferol.It helps in maintaining eye sight It is present in 3 forms alpha, beta , gama(2) It increases conception rate FunctionDeficiency: Its deficiency cause night (1) It helps in immune systemblindness (2) It also help in reproduction(2) Its deficiency also causes poor Deficiency: Its deficiency cause whiteconception muscle disease and muscle dystrophy( weakness)Vitamin D Vitamin KIt is in two forms It has three formsD2: Ergocalciferol K1: PhylloquinoneIt is mostly present in plants K2: MenoquinoneD3: cholicalciferol It is naturally presentIt is synthesized by animal body in K3: Menodionesunlight It is artificially synthesized.Function:(1) It helps in bonedevelopment Function: It helps in blood clotting(2) It also help in to maintain mineral Deficiency: Its deficiency causebalanced in the body hemophilia and sweet clover disease.