Classification of vitamins


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Dr.Waqas Nawaz
PMAS arid agriculture univarsity rawalpindi

Classification of vitamins

  1. 1. ASSGNMENT ON:CLASIFICATION OF VITAMINSSubmitted by: Waqas NawazSubmitted to:Dr.Muhammad Farooq IqbalSubject:Pricipal of animal nutritionAN (102)
  2. 2. VITAMINS CLASSIFICATION VITAMINSWater soluble vitamins include ii) Fat soluble vitamins include Vitamin C also called citric acid Vitamin A ( Retinol) Vitamin B1 (thiamine) Vitamin D Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) Vitamin B3 (niacin) Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid) D2 (Ergocalciferol) D3 (Cholicalciferol) Vitamin B9 (folic acid) Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) Vitamin E (Tocoferol) Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) Cholin Biotin. Alpha Beta Gama Vitamin K K1 (Phylloquinone) K2 (Menoquinone) K3 (Menodione)
  3. 3. Vitamin ClassificationThere are mainly two types of vitamins Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin)classified based on their solubility. Theseare water soluble and y not fat soluble Function: It is involved in metabolism ofvitamins. carbohydrates, protein, fats Deficiency:(1) Its deficiency cause i) Water soluble vitamins dermatitis include:  The contain C,H,O and may (2) In poultry it causes curled-toe paralysis contain S and Co  They are not stored in body  They are secreted into urine Vitamin B3 (niacin)  They not cause toxicity It is also called nicotinamide  They cannot synthesized by body Function: It is involved in metabolism  They are not dietary essential Deficiency: Its deficiency cause pallegra (Disorder of digestive system)Vitamin C also called citric acidFunction: It is used as anti stressDeficiency:no known deficiency in Vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid)animals.They can synthesize by digestive Function: It is involved in metabolismmicrobes. Deficiency: It deficiency cause dermatitisVitamin B1 (thiamine)Function: (1) They work as co-enzyme Vitamin B9 (folic acid) Function: It is involved in the synthesis of(2)they help in metabolism of carbohydrates, methyl groupprotein,fats Deficiency: Its deficiency cause anaemiaDeficiency:Its deficiency cause beri-beriIt also cause polyneuritis and star-grazing inpoultry
  4. 4. Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) Fat soluble vitaminsFunction: It is involved inmetabolism include  They containDeficiency: Its deficiency causes C,H,Oepilepsy and convulsion(jerks)  They are stored in the body  They are secretedVitamin B12 (cobalamin) into faeces  They causeFunction: It is invoved in metabolism toxicityDeficiency: Its deficiency cause slow  They are notgrowth and less reproduction synthesized by body but sometimes synthesized  They are dietaryCholin essentialFunction: It is involved in lipid metabolism  General source for fat soluble vitamin It is part of lecithin are green pasture,Deficiency: Its deficiency cause fatty liver green fodder, green leafy hay, fish liver oil, yellow cornBiotin. grains, sunlightFunction: It is also invoved in metabolismDeficiency: Its deficiency cause dermatitis
  5. 5. Vitamin A Deficiency: Its deficiency cause osteomalcia and rickets  It is also called retinol  Its requirement is expressed in IU Vitamin EFunction: It is also called tocoferol.It helps in maintaining eye sight It is present in 3 forms alpha, beta , gama(2) It increases conception rate FunctionDeficiency: Its deficiency cause night (1) It helps in immune systemblindness (2) It also help in reproduction(2) Its deficiency also causes poor Deficiency: Its deficiency cause whiteconception muscle disease and muscle dystrophy( weakness)Vitamin D Vitamin KIt is in two forms It has three formsD2: Ergocalciferol K1: PhylloquinoneIt is mostly present in plants K2: MenoquinoneD3: cholicalciferol It is naturally presentIt is synthesized by animal body in K3: Menodionesunlight It is artificially synthesized.Function:(1) It helps in bonedevelopment Function: It helps in blood clotting(2) It also help in to maintain mineral Deficiency: Its deficiency causebalanced in the body hemophilia and sweet clover disease.