Minimalism

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Minimalism

  1. 1. Minimalism Vicki Fung Michelle Abraham Wajiha Fatima
  2. 2. ARTISTIC INFLUENCES <ul><li>Argument against: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abstract Expressionism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relational method of painting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Category distinctions </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Abstract Expressionism Jackson Pollock - Convergence (1952)
  4. 4. Relational Method of Painting Ingres - Apotheosis of Homer (1827)
  5. 5. Minimalist Painting Frank Stella - Black Paintings
  6. 6. SOCIAL INFLUENCES <ul><li>The Shakers </li></ul><ul><li>Post-War </li></ul><ul><li>American Ideal of Simplicity </li></ul>
  7. 7. ECONOMICAL INFLUENCES <ul><li>Post War Boom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mass Production </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. INTRODUCTION TO MINIMALISM <ul><li>Time Period: Late 50’s to early 70’s </li></ul><ul><li>Leading artists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frank Stella </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carl Andre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dan Flavin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Donald Judd </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Robert Morris </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sol LeWitt </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Constructivism Duchamp Minimalism
  10. 10. Duchamp Marcel Duchamp – Fountain (1917)
  11. 11. Constructivism Kasimir Malevich – Black Square (1913-1915)
  12. 12. MAIN ARTISTS – INVENTIONS <ul><li>Reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Artwork as a whole </li></ul><ul><li>Reject metaphors </li></ul><ul><li>Viewer, piece, and space relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Context of object </li></ul>
  13. 13. MAIN ARTISTS – METHODS <ul><li>Industrially produced </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ materials are materials” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sculpture, canvases, installations </li></ul><ul><li>Knocked off the pedestal </li></ul>
  14. 14. FRANK STELLA <ul><li>Founder of Minimalism movement </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Blank Painting Series (1958-1960) </li></ul><ul><li>Aluminum Series (1960) </li></ul><ul><li>Portrait Series (1963-1964) </li></ul><ul><li>Irregular Polygon Series (1957-1967) </li></ul><ul><li>Protractor Series (1967-1971) </li></ul>“ a flat surface with paint on it – nothing more”
  15. 15. Jasper Johns – Three Flags (1958) Frank Stella – Mas o Menos (1964)
  16. 16. Black Painting Series (1958-1960) Marriage of Reason & Squalor
  17. 17. Arbeit Macht Frei from Black Series I
  18. 18. Arundel Castle
  19. 19. Die Fahne Hoch
  20. 20. Aluminum Series 1960 Untitled Luis Miguel Dominguin
  21. 21. Portrait Series 1963 -1964
  22. 22. Irregular Polygon Series (1965-1966) 'Moutonville IV'
  23. 23. 'Chocorua IV'
  24. 24. Wolfeboro IV
  25. 25. Union I
  26. 26. 'Tuftonboro III'
  27. 27. Protractor Series (1967-1971) Untitled (Fan Protractor Variation)
  28. 28. Ctesiphon I
  29. 29. Tahkt-I-Suleiman Variation II
  30. 30. Raqqa II
  31. 31. CARL ANDRE <ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sculpture as form” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sculpture as structure” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Sculpture as place” </li></ul>“ periodic table of elements is for me what the color spectrum is for a painter”
  32. 32. “ Sculpture as Form” Pyramid (Square Plan) / Cedar Piece (1959)
  33. 33. “ Sculpture as Structure” Timber Piece (Well) (1964-1970)
  34. 34. “ Sculpture as Place” Equivalent I-VIII (1966)
  35. 35. Equivalent I-VIII (1966)
  36. 36. “ Sculpture as Place” Steel Magnesium Plain (1969)
  37. 37. DAN FLAVIN <ul><li>Duchamp Influence </li></ul><ul><li>Fluorescent lights </li></ul>
  38. 38. Untitled (To Bob and Pat Rohm) (1969)
  39. 39. Untitled (to Jan and Ron Greenberg) (1972-1973)
  40. 40. Untitled (to a man, George McGovern) 2 (1972)
  41. 41. Untitled (to Barnett Newman to commemorate his simple problem, red, yellow, and blue) (1970)
  42. 42. Diagonal of Personal Ecstasy (the diagonal of May 25, 1963)
  43. 43. DONALD JUDD <ul><li>Views </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>“ Boxes” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Stacks” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Progressions” </li></ul>“ It takes a great deal of time and thought to install work carefully. This should not always be thrown away. Most art is fragile and some should be placed and never moved again.”
  44. 44. “ Boxes” Untitled (1963)
  45. 45. “ Boxes” 100 Untitled Works in Mill Aluminum (1982-1986)
  46. 46. “ Stacks” Untitled (1990)
  47. 47. “ Progression” Progression (1978) Untitled (Progression) (1969)
  48. 48. ROBERT MORRIS <ul><li>Theater influence </li></ul><ul><li>“ Column” </li></ul><ul><li>Installations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Blank Form Sculpture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Psychological Influences </li></ul>&quot;simplicity of shape does not necessarily equate with simplicity of experience&quot;
  49. 49. Box With the Sound of its Own Making (1961)
  50. 50. Installation Green Gallery, New York (1964)
  51. 51. Untitled (Three L-Beams) (1965)
  52. 52. Untitled (1968)
  53. 53. SOL LEWITT <ul><li>Views </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Wall Structure (1962-1965) </li></ul><ul><li>Serial Project (1966) </li></ul><ul><li>Buried Cube Containing an Object (1968) </li></ul>“ In my case, I used the elements of these simple forms. Square, cube, line, colors to produce logical systems. Most of these were finite; that is they were complete using all possible variation. This kept them simple.”
  54. 54. Wall Structure (1965)
  55. 55. WALL STRUCTURE 1962 -1965 BLACK 1962
  56. 56. Serial Project (1966)
  57. 57. Buried Cube Containing an Object (1968)
  58. 58. OTHER FORMS OF MINIMAL ART <ul><li>Minimalist writing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Carl Andre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sol LeWitt </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Minimalist music </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_JOCHxiyQyI </li></ul></ul>
  59. 59. REACTIONS <ul><li>No set definition </li></ul><ul><li>Extremely unpopular </li></ul><ul><li>Art of Nothingness </li></ul>
  60. 60. THE PRESENT <ul><li>Fashion </li></ul><ul><li>Interior design </li></ul>
  61. 61. FASHION
  62. 62. INTERIOR

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