Explaining Strokewww.viachristi.org/strokewww.viachristi.org/survivestroke
Objectives      Definition of a stroke      Act F.A.S.T.by recognizing &       responding to the signs of stroke.      ...
Stroke Facts      3rd leading cause of death in the U.S.      4th leading cause of death in Kansas      One stroke occu...
Women & Stroke Facts      Kills twice as many women every year than       breast cancer.      More women than men die fr...
Even Celebrities have strokes        Leonardo di Vinci          Gene Kelly        Johann Sebastian Bach      Kirk Doug...
What is a stroke?      A stroke occurs when the blood flow to       part of the brain suddenly stops due to       a block...
Types of Stroke - Ischemic                      Blockage in an artery    1. Embolic      ♦   Blood clot or plaque forms   ...
Types of Stroke - Hemorrhagic     Weakened blood vessel breaks & bleeding occurs in the brain.1. Intracerebral Hemorrhage ...
Transient Ischemic Attach (TIA)     “Mini stroke”     Just like a stroke, only it lasts for a very      short time (minu...
Stroke Symptoms – “Suddens”     Any sudden:        Numbness of the face, arm, or leg        Confusion, trouble speaking ...
Act F.A.S.T.11
Treatments – Ischemic Stroke (clot)     Clot busting medication (tPA)         Should be given within          3-4.5 hours...
Treatments – Ischemic Stroke (clot)          Clot Removal Devices        Before           After13
Treatments – Hemorrhagic Stroke     Clipping        Coiling14
Controllable Risk Factors            High blood pressure                      High blood cholesterol         ♦      #1 c...
Uncontrollable Risk Factors …            Age                                     Autoimmune Disorders –         ♦      R...
Uncontrollable Risk Factors Cont.      Hole in the heart (PFO)        ♦   Patent Foramen Ovale        ♦   1 in 5 have    ...
Closing       Know your risk factors (>80% of strokes        are preventable)       Know the signs of stroke       Dial...
Via Christi Stroke Trends by Age                          % Increase Total Strokes 2007-2011 by Age        6.0%        4.0...
Via Christi Stroke Trends20
Bibliography     stroke.org     heart.org21
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Via Christi Women's Connection: What is stroke?

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Via Christi Women's Connection: What is stroke?

  1. 1. Explaining Strokewww.viachristi.org/strokewww.viachristi.org/survivestroke
  2. 2. Objectives  Definition of a stroke  Act F.A.S.T.by recognizing & responding to the signs of stroke.  Treatment for stroke  Primary and secondary stroke prevention2
  3. 3. Stroke Facts  3rd leading cause of death in the U.S.  4th leading cause of death in Kansas  One stroke occurs every 40 seconds  Leading cause of disability in the U.S  80% of stroke are preventable by reducing your risk.  Anyone can have a stroke3
  4. 4. Women & Stroke Facts  Kills twice as many women every year than breast cancer.  More women than men die from stroke  Women suffer greater disability than men after a stroke4
  5. 5. Even Celebrities have strokes  Leonardo di Vinci  Gene Kelly  Johann Sebastian Bach  Kirk Douglas  Charles Dickens  Zsa Zsa Gabor  Groucho Marx  Barry White  Al Capone  Luther Vandross  Grace Kelly  Sharon Stone  Betty Davis  Bret Michaels  Lucille Ball  Teddy Bruschi5
  6. 6. What is a stroke?  A stroke occurs when the blood flow to part of the brain suddenly stops due to a blocked or burst blood vessel.  When the blood stops, oxygen cannot circulate to that area of the brain and may cause part of the brain to die.6
  7. 7. Types of Stroke - Ischemic Blockage in an artery 1. Embolic ♦ Blood clot or plaque forms in the body and travels through the blood stream to the brain. 2. Thrombotic ♦ Fatty deposits develop in the lining of the blood vessel wall which narrows the blood vessel.7
  8. 8. Types of Stroke - Hemorrhagic Weakened blood vessel breaks & bleeding occurs in the brain.1. Intracerebral Hemorrhage ♦ Burst blood vessel bleeds into the brain, causing brain cell to die.2. Subarachnoid Hemorrhage ♦ Blood vessel bursts near the surface of the brain causing blood to pour into the area around the outside of the brain. Bleeding causes pressure and leads to injured brain cells. (Usually a result8 of an aneurysm)
  9. 9. Transient Ischemic Attach (TIA)  “Mini stroke”  Just like a stroke, only it lasts for a very short time (minutes to hours)  Leaves no permanent damage  Warning sign of a future stroke ♦ Up to 40% will have a future stroke9
  10. 10. Stroke Symptoms – “Suddens” Any sudden:  Numbness of the face, arm, or leg  Confusion, trouble speaking or understanding  Trouble seeing in one or both eyes  Trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination  Severe headache10
  11. 11. Act F.A.S.T.11
  12. 12. Treatments – Ischemic Stroke (clot) Clot busting medication (tPA)  Should be given within 3-4.5 hours of the time they were last known well without symptoms. Time Lost is Brain Lost Every minute 2 million brain cells die.12
  13. 13. Treatments – Ischemic Stroke (clot) Clot Removal Devices Before After13
  14. 14. Treatments – Hemorrhagic Stroke Clipping Coiling14
  15. 15. Controllable Risk Factors  High blood pressure  High blood cholesterol ♦ #1 cause of stroke ♦ Increases risk of clogged ♦ > 140/90 is too high arteries  Tobacco use ♦ > 240 is too high ♦ Nicotine and carbon monoxide  Physical inactivity & obesity damages blood vessels ♦ Increases risk of cardiovascular ♦ Doubles risk for stroke disease  Diabetes  Atrial fibrillation & heart ♦ Leads to disease of blood disease vessels in the brain. ♦ Irregular heart beats and  Alcohol incomplete emptying of the heart can allow blood to pool ♦ Raises blood pressure and clot. ♦ Limit to one/day ♦ Binge drinking can lead to stroke15
  16. 16. Uncontrollable Risk Factors …  Age  Autoimmune Disorders – ♦ Risk doubles every decade after ♦ (such as Lupus) increase the risk the age of 55 (although can of stroke. happen to anyone)  Race  Clotting Disorders – ♦ African American twice the risk ♦ (such as: thrombophilia, Protiein C compared to Caucasians. deficiency, Factor V Leiden, Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), ♦ Hispanic and Asian higher risk etc.) than Caucasians.  Previous stroke or TIA  Family History – ♦ Your risk of stroke is higher if your parent, grandparent, sister,16 or brother has had a stroke
  17. 17. Uncontrollable Risk Factors Cont.  Hole in the heart (PFO) ♦ Patent Foramen Ovale ♦ 1 in 5 have ♦ All people are born with flap-like openings in their hearts and the opening usually closes by itself shortly after birth. In some people, an open flap remains in the heart. ♦ This opening can allow a blood clot to travel through the flap and to the brain, causing a stroke.17
  18. 18. Closing  Know your risk factors (>80% of strokes are preventable)  Know the signs of stroke  Dial 911 www.viachristi.org/stroke18
  19. 19. Via Christi Stroke Trends by Age % Increase Total Strokes 2007-2011 by Age 6.0% 4.0% 2.0% 5.1% 3.0% 4.3% 0.0% 5-14 15-34 -2.0% 35-44 45-54 55-64 65-74 75-84 85-94 -4.0% 95 > -6.0% -8.5% -8.0% -10.0%19
  20. 20. Via Christi Stroke Trends20
  21. 21. Bibliography stroke.org heart.org21

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