Online Risks Education and Cultural BarriersA Case Study: Keeping Children Safe Online Initiative in WestRamallah Area Development Program (Kharbatha Bani Harith Village), World Vision- Jerusalem, West Bank- Gaza JWG
World Vision InternationalJerusalem West Bank Gaza • 11,700 girls and boys are sponsored. Poorest of the Poor. • Vocational training in sewing, embroidery, knitting, cosmetics, hairdressing, computer literacy and graphic design. • Improving the well-being of children and their families in the West Bank & Gaza through school renovations, adequate
World Vision International JWGRamallah Area Development• 8 villages in West Ramallah.• Development programs, project extended to 2022.• A system of steering committees to assess the needs and plan relevant programs (village committee and children committee).• Success in enhancing education development in terms of quality and infrastructure.
Children in oPt@ONLINE... Survey by Hadara (still in progress) • Target age of survey: 7- 10 years old 53% of which are 9 years old, 90% have internet at home. • 35% use the internet for gaming, 6% for chatting and social networking and 15% for research. 43% use for all reasons listed before. • 64% said they get inappropriate material including pornography whenever they try to access a chatting or a social networking website. • 50% spend more than 4 hours/ day searching the net for games, songs and movies. • 56% share their private information with anyone online. 64% of which are 8 years old.
Cyber-crimes are increasing, number not known UnemploymentPA is establishing a cyber- police unit is one of the reasons and draft law for cyber crimes
Internet is the WAY OUT Many children in the West Bank and Gaza do not have access to asimple playground to play in. The internet serves as the way out to have fun.For example: Children make up 54.2% of the population (UNICEF).• In Gaza 70% of children are registered refugees (UNICEF). In the West Bank the figure is around 30% (UNRWA).• Most refugee children live in over crowded registered camps. Streets are usually alleyways and there is a severe lack of space for children to play. Open sewers run through some camps. Access to electricity and other municipal services is also extremely limited.
Internet is the WAY OUT continuesWorld Vision JWG has been focusingefforts on providing safe playgrounds for children in the WB and Gaza. It is one of the top three priority projects.
Keeping Children Safe Online KCSO/ oPt (Targets) • June 2011 • Currently piloted in Kharbatha Bani Harith, WR. High percentages of young users. Second Year: South & West Jenin and South Salfeet. Third Year: Central Nablus & Bethlehem. • TO provide children and their caregivers with skills to better protect themselves and others from abuse and sexual exploitation when using the internet and other media technologies. • TO create a complaints mechanism online where incidents concerning child pornography, trafficking, racism, fraud and online protection in general are reported.
Keeping Children Safe Online KCSO/ oPt (PT) Project Team • World Vision • the Palestinian Ministry of Social Affairs; • the Palestinian Ministry of Education; • the Palestinian High Judicial Council; • the Family Protection Unit of the Palestinian Police; • Save the Children UK (Palestine Office); • Defense for Children International (Palestine Office); • Palestinian Telecommunication Group “PALTEL”
KCSO/ oPt(Progress) Tools • Posters for both target groups of children (-/+ 13); • Brochures for parents & children; • Interactive CD for children; • Training manual for WV staff. Trainings • TOT for caregivers, children and project team & WVI staff. • Training for Children (-/+ 13). • Training for Parents. • Training for Teacher.
Quick Outline of Children Trainings Internet- Good’s & Benefits Places where Children Most Potential Risks at Risk • Messaging with inappropriate • Chat Rooms and Instant content; Messenger • Social networking, Blogs and Forums • Exposure to child pornography, sexually explicit • Mobile Phones and inappropriate pictures and • Gaming materials; Tools & TIPS how to surf the • Dissemination of files internet safely containing personal information, which are used to • Practical tools on how to perform illegal actions and protect our selves online. violation of privacy; • Tips for what to do when • Pedophiles using the internet something not safe to meet young people. happens.
Teachers Training…What Can You DO? Give Tips… Content is customized to target group Internet Evolution Encourage Internet and computer- illiterate Parents to surf the internet, and give appropriate tips
Partnership withHadara, the largest internet Safer Internet Day… first time provider in the oPt… $15,000 in the oPt: A national media campaign was planned to highlight the importance of the issue and inspire other key members to work. www.facebook.com/KCS Ops Awareness Cartoon, Newspaper Ads and Radio Messages in Arabic In school events at Kharbatha Bani Harith
KCSO/ oPt (Complaints Mechanism) In Progress • Sustainable; • Efficient; • Functional; • Confidential; • Outreach. Available Options • Ministry of Social Affairs Network of Child Protection Orgs. • Sawa Helpline.
Internet & Computer Illiteracy… Parents & sometimes TeachersMaterials were made simpler to target the clear majority of Kharbatha Bani Harith population of parents and teachers who are internet and computer-illiterate, followed by a training on possible risks online with tips on protection.
Urgency of the Issue• The concept of keeping children safe online is new and plans were jointly made by WV and other project team members, as appropriate.• The issue is not perceived as urgent compared to other risks facing children in the oPt.
ACCESSDue to checkpoints and the SeparationWall/ Barrier prohibiting Palestiniansfrom accessing other Palestinian territorywe face difficulties reaching out to certainvillages especially those of Gaza Strip.Good News:Almost 90% of ourFacebook pagesubscribers are residenceof Gaza Strip.
Conservative CommunityThe local community of Kharbatha Bani Harith is conservative;therefore, some materials discussing sexual content on the internetmay seem inappropriate in a culture where such topics are rarelydiscussed in public.
High Risks vrs. Traditions…• No integration of sexual education in school curriculum• No specific school curriculum on sexual abuse.• Negative attitudes from teachers, students and children towards education on sexual abuse.
Cultural barriers prevent caregivers (parents and teachers) from discussing risks that children might encounter asthey surf the internet. Those are the samecultural practices that prevent for example sex education.
Focus Groups to Understand theCultural Challenges More
Focus Group Male Teachers & Fathers Willingness to discuss with children & students. Lack of guidance and/ or clear approach by MOE on how to handle education of sexual abuse, pedophiles, etc. Teachers concern of the community’s reaction if such topic is discussed in class, fear of losing job or being socially- isolated/ abandoned. Great understanding of impact on behavior and need for integration strategy in school. Parents need for trainings on how to talk to children about sexual abuse. Fear of opening kids’ horizons to inappropriate information.
Focus Group Female Teachers & MothersEducates children and students about sexual abuse through frightening real life stories.Rarely discuss the issue with male counterparts or partners.NOTE: Concerns of the community’s reaction if such a topic is discussed in class, fear of losing job or being socially- isolated/ abandoned was not noticed among the female teachers.
Two Groups’ Concerns..Not enough content in Arabic Language on internet safety and education against sexual abuse, etc.Negative Cultural Practices and Norms such as the fact that sex is a taboo; a topic rarely discussed.• Lack of co-operation from different members of the community.• Confidentiality Issues; gossip community…• Concern of credibility and good reputation.• Double- standard for women and men behavior. How a case is perceived if the victim is a women.
More findings…Cultural Norms Affect what We VIEW Online• Children go online for questions parents refuse to answer.• Schools in Kharbatha are separate, boys vrs. Girls. Internet is the medium to meet and learn about the other sex.
Future Plans• Build on the successes and continue trainings, media campaigns and awareness-raising!• Continue collaborating with local organizations and governments on safer internet activities.• Conduct a survey for all West Ramallah ADP on internet use.• Seeking advice, tips and information to develop a sustainable efficient complaints mechanism.• Actively involved in safer internet networks such as Insafe and KCSO network