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  1. 1. Undertakings towarddeveloping a safe internet environment for children inJapan Yuji Sonoda Deputy Director, Telecommunications Consumer Policy Division Telecommunications Bureau Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications JAPAN
  2. 2. 1 Main efforts by concerned parties ーAct on Development of Internet Environment forYoung Peopleー Act on Development of Internet Environment for Young People ◆The Act on Development of an Environment that Provides Safe and Secure Internet Use for Young People (“Act on Development of Internet Environment for Young People”) was enforced on April 1, 2009. ◆By improving ICT literacy and promoting filtering, etc. as 2 pillars for developing a safe internet environment for young people, concrete activities by both the government and private sector will be promoted. Fundamental principles Initiative by the private Improving ICT literacy Promoting filtering, etc. sector (with Government support) Government Private sector Mobile phone The Headquarters for the Promotion of carriers Development and Support for Children and Internet service Mandatory supply of filtering services (with Young People providers some conditions) PC makers Formulation Obligation to make Filtering Young people Support efforts for developers/ development Basic plan suppliers -Basic policy -Education and awareness raising concerning the Obligation to make adequate ability to utilize the Internet Server efforts to prevent -Improvement of performance/diffusion of administrators browsing of harmful information filtering services -Support for the private sector’s efforts, etc. Obligation to make Other parties efforts for education, concerned etc. 1
  3. 3. 2 Main initiatives of the MIC as regards preparation of an Internet environment foryoung people ○Improving ICT literacy In order to overcome the risks that ICT use entails and ensure that young people can enjoy ICT use as much as possible, it is necessary to improve ICT literacy among young people and their parents. Especially in the age of the smart phone, it is essential that users acquire an even higher level of literacy. Educational courses have been implemented mainly for parents and teachers (e-net safety courses) across the nation in cooperation with the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, and telecommunication-related organizations, etc. (“e-Net Caravan) (Implementation result in FY2011: 900) The dissemination and educational activities (such as symposiums and workshops) of “The Safer Internet of Japan” have been supported. (Implementation result in FY2011: 16) ○Promoting improvement and diffusion of filtering Restricting access to internet content that is harmful to young people is primarily a parental role. However, in the case of mobile phones, which are difficult for parents to monitor, filtering is applied unless the parents request non-use of filtering.  cooperation with mobile phone carriers and third party organizations that provide screening of sites In harmful to young people, the supply of diverse filtering services, such as customized functions of mobile phone filtering, will be promoted. Based on the agreement among related ministries, the diffusion of filtering will be promoted by requiring mobile phone carriers to reinforce explanations to parents, etc. (Number of users of mobile phone filtering service as of the end of December 2011: approx. 8.23 million) 2
  4. 4. 3-1 Literacy indicator for young people’s safe and secure utilization of the internet -ILAS (Internet Literacy Assessment indicator for Students)- ILAS ILAS Abilitiessrequired Analysis of the pre-test (year 2011) Digitalization All: approximately 550 young people of the Average score:73 out of 100 abilities by General the test 100 1a Illegal content 3b Security 0 3a Privacy risks 1b Harmful content 2c Inappropriate 2a Inappropriate usage 2b Improper contact transactions Comparison and analysis of abilities digitalized 3
  5. 5. 3-2 The development process of ILASOnline Risk Categorization Literacy to bebe acquired (examples) 《literacy to acquired》(examples) (based on OECD report’s categorization) Major Category Medium Category Sub-Category Knowledge(●) Behavior(○) [Principles] I A Copyrights, portrait ●Understand that smartphones are rights, criminal Illegal & Illegal content threats, dating sites, advanced mobile phones with computer-level advanced information processing functions, Harmful etc. and that many functions are offered via Content Risks B Content offensive to applications (software). public order and ●Understand that some smartphone Harmful content morality, adults-only applications automatically send out private content, etc. and/or personal information. ●Understand that when downloading ○Download applications after II A Libel smartphone applications, confirming their trustworthiness, etc. ●one must confirm the trustworthiness and ○Confirm what information applications Inappropriate Inappropriate Anonymous SNS safety of the site and application supplier. access, and take appropriate measures Usage Risks Contact Non-anonymous SNS (limit accessible information, etc.). Spam Applications (*) B Fraud, sale of improper products, Improper Users can freely install applications to add functionality to their smartphone. etc. Transactions Which of the following items must the most amount of care be given to when C Excess Internet use installing applications? Inappropriate Dependence (1) The relationship between the application’s operational requirements and Usage the items that appear under “access permission” III A Leakage of private (2) Evaluation from other users displayed on the installation screen and/or personal Privacy & Privacy Risks information, Security Risks inappropriate (3) Whether the application has been introduced in magazine articles, etc. disclosure B Impersonation through unauthorized (4) The application’s rank in rankings published on the internet Security Risks access, etc. Viruses (*) Smartphone applications 4
  6. 6. 4-1 The Safer Internet of Japan《Key comments of the Safer Internet of Japan (http://good-net.jp/ )》 “The Safer Internet of Japan carries out three key activities which are indispensable for providing conditions for safer use of the internet. Firstly, we promote comprehensive activities to improve the ICT literacy of users, which include awareness raising activities concerning the merits of the internet as well as the risks that using the internet entails. Through such activities, we contribute to fostering children with the capacity to use ICT as they like, patiently watched over by their parents . Secondly, we encourage the private sector to implement voluntary activities. By formulating and disseminating a voluntary charter on which private companies and other bodies can depend, we will visualize a safer and securer internet environment. Thirdly, we strive to put together all the knowledge concerning the provision of good conditions for the use of the internet. We provide opportunities for discussion to share ideas and further innovation among interested parties by collecting and introducing various activities of private companies nationwide. The Safer Internet of Japan, through such activities, is determined to contribute to providing better conditions for internet use through the private initiatives.” 5
  7. 7. 4-2 The Safer Internet of Japan○ Outcomes of previous activities Awareness-raising Activities Users, industries and people from education gather in the Safer Internet of Japan. Thus the body can link activities conducted so far by each group regarding the improvement of information morale and literacy. The body implements all the activities under the shared goal of ‘Motto Good Net (Let’s make the internet better)’ for all the citizens. To improve young people’s information morale, etiquette in using the internet, and literacy, the Safer Internet of Japan has carried out symposia for parents and teachers and workshop for young people. (1)Symposia for Parents and Teachers Year Times held Participants 2009 20 6,600 2010 10 4,000 2011 12 5,600 <PTA Symposium in the Kinki district > (2)Workshops for Young People Year Times held Participants 2009 3 3,000 2010 3 3,600 2011 4 4,400 <Workshop Collection> <Kids Festa in Marunouchi> 6
  8. 8. 4-3 The Safer Internet of JapanTopical Research and Investigation The Safer Internet of Japan conducts necessary research and investigations to promote voluntary activities in the privatesector related to a safer and securer internet. It also examines new issues as they come up. Working Group on Basic Issues The body conducted large-scale questionnaires and statistical analysis on the topics of ‘Violence and bullying,’ ‘Sexual behavior,’ ’Suicide,’ ‘Over Dependence.’ Working Group on Child Pornography The body deliberately examined the legal and technological issues on the blocking of child pornography images, which is one of the measures to limit access to such images. It contributes to providing conditions for effective blocking as a voluntary activity of the private sector. Working Group on Community Sites The body conducted information sharing and examined effective measures regarding various issues arising from the use of SNS and other communication sites. Working Group on Smart phones (From October 2011) The body shares information and examines issues on business activities on the safer smart phone use in cases like Wireless LAN internet access or application use. 7