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Building a Healthy Economy

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Building a Healthy Economy at VHCC Green Conference. October 2009

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Building a Healthy Economy

  1. 1. Building a Healthy Economy October, 2009
  2. 2. APPALACHIAN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Building Economy, Community & Environment
  3. 3. <ul><li>Before any development, we should first ask ourselves three questions: </li></ul><ul><li>What is already here? </li></ul><ul><li>What does nature allow us to do here? </li></ul><ul><li>What does nature help us to do here? </li></ul><ul><li>Wendell Berry </li></ul>
  4. 8. <ul><li>“ Warming of the climate system </li></ul><ul><li>is now unequivocal. </li></ul><ul><li>Global atmospheric concentrations GHG’s have increased </li></ul><ul><li>markedly as a result of </li></ul><ul><li>human activities and </li></ul><ul><li>now far exceed </li></ul><ul><li>pre-industrial levels” </li></ul><ul><li>2007 report of the Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change </li></ul>
  5. 9. Carbon Emissions: Food vs. Household
  6. 10. Declining Land Base <ul><li>Worldwide, available productive </li></ul><ul><li>land has decreased from 14 </li></ul><ul><li>acres per person to </li></ul><ul><li>3.7 acres per person </li></ul><ul><li>over the past century </li></ul>
  7. 11. Global Ecological Footprint <ul><li>Shipping increased 10 times from 1950 – 2000. </li></ul><ul><li>Average bite of food in the </li></ul><ul><li>United States travels 1,500 miles </li></ul>
  8. 12. <ul><li>We’ve embarked on the beginning of the last days </li></ul><ul><li>of the age of oil. </li></ul><ul><li>Mike Bowlin </li></ul><ul><li>Chairman and CEO, ARCO (1999) </li></ul>
  9. 13. Sources & Sinks <ul><li>Essential ecosystem functions can be </li></ul><ul><li>thought of as “sources & sinks”. </li></ul><ul><li>Sources , both renewable and non-renewable </li></ul><ul><li>provide the materials and energy needed </li></ul><ul><li>for our livelihoods and economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Sinks assimilate our wastes </li></ul><ul><li>and bi-products. </li></ul>
  10. 14. Sources & Sinks <ul><li>Sources & Sinks = </li></ul><ul><li>NATURAL CAPITAL </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Capital = </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Wealth </li></ul>
  11. 15. Natural Capital and the Economy <ul><li>Historically, </li></ul><ul><li>natural capital has been </li></ul><ul><li>overused and undervalued , </li></ul><ul><li>leading to high rates of </li></ul><ul><li>degradation and low wealth accumulation in </li></ul><ul><li>rural communities. </li></ul>
  12. 18. AMERICAN AGRICULTURE DIVIDED INTO MARKETING, FARMING AND INPUT SECTORS
  13. 19. PRINCIPLES OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT <ul><li>Sustainable development is locally rooted </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable development fits within the ecosystem </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable development adds value to raw materials and shortens the distance between producers and consumers </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable development builds self-reliance and cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable development lasts indefinitely </li></ul>
  14. 39. GREEN JOB CATEGORIES <ul><li>Restoration and Mitigation </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency and Waste Reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Health, Self Reliance and Localization </li></ul>
  15. 40. Restoration and Mitigation <ul><li>Conversion of brown fields </li></ul><ul><li>Building adaptation and restoration </li></ul><ul><li>Soil, forest and habitat restoration </li></ul><ul><li>Pollution prevention technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable forestry, farming and fisheries </li></ul>
  16. 41. Efficiency & Waste Reduction <ul><li>Recycling, reuse, remanufacturing </li></ul><ul><li>Public transit, fuel efficient cars, trucks, tractors and equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Green building, LEED </li></ul><ul><li>Heating and cooling, LED lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Waste and water conservation systems </li></ul>
  17. 42. Renewable Energy <ul><li>Solar – photovoltaic, solar water heaters </li></ul><ul><li>Wind </li></ul><ul><li>Geothermal </li></ul><ul><li>Waste to fuel, biomass </li></ul>
  18. 43. Health, Self-reliance & Localization <ul><li>Organic, sustainable foods and farming </li></ul><ul><li>Food preservation, seed saving </li></ul><ul><li>“ Re-skilling” services and materials </li></ul><ul><li>Downtown revitalization </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy eating, wellness, prevention </li></ul>
  19. 44. What is the Economic Potential? <ul><ul><li>UN study (2008) projected doubling in market for “environmental products and services” by 2020; 20 million jobs in sustainable energy alone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Duke University study (2008) cited strong job growth in multiple green collar sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>*Importance of “value chains” </li></ul></ul>
  20. 45. Farmers Markets in the United States, 1970 - 2000
  21. 46. Survey – Key findings <ul><li>Estimated 1,617 customers on that day, 898 “active shoppers” </li></ul><ul><li>Increase of 750 customers over 2007 (partly due to time of year) </li></ul><ul><li>Estimated 10 – 25% growth over last year </li></ul>
  22. 47. Virginian’s Spend $14.8 Billion on food each year <ul><li>$8.9 Billion is purchased from out of state </li></ul><ul><li>If Virginia Consumers bought just 15% of their food directly from local farms, farmers would earn $2.2 Billion of new income each year. </li></ul>
  23. 48. “ Small Marts” – small firms, household businesses, non-profits and local government services – account for 58% of the U.S. unlikely to move overseas. Michael Shuman State and local payments to large firms now total $50 Billion per year. Peters and Fisher Study of an Illinois community: Local vs Chain Restaurant – 25% more economic impact retail – 63%; services 90%

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