Cultural Differences: Mexico and the Marshall Islands By: Victoria Groomer
GovernmentMexico Marshall Islands In 1821, Mexico gained 165 years later in 1986, independence from the Marshall Islands Spain. Currently, gained independence from the US Mexico has a federal Administration under a republic government compact of Free which means there is a Association. This division of powers means that the US agreed to provide between the federal and financial assistance, to local government. be renewed every 15- Federal Local 20 years, in exchange for full international Taxes Roads defense authority.
Mexico Marshall Islands The legislative branch of the President and government is made up of the Nitijela (Parliament) with an advisory Council of Iroij (high Senators elected chiefs). for a six year The executive branch is under the leadership of the President, who is elected by the Nitijela term. from among its membership. The President selects the other Institutional 10 members of his cabinet from the Nitijela. The first president of Revolutionary the republic was elected in 1979. Party (nationalist) The Marshall Islands has four court systems: the Supreme Court, High Court, District and ruled for 71 years, Community Courts, and the Traditional Rights Court. Most in 2000 political trial cases are heard before a judge. Jury trial is used only in change to unusual circumstances because of the difficulty in finding democratic unbiased jurors within such a small population. The Council of Iroij, representing traditional
EducationMexico Marshall Islands Education in Mexico is greatly The Marshall Islands has 77 segregated by social class. public elementary schools Children of wealthy families go and three public secondary to private schools, while schools. There are 26 children of poor families attend private elementary schools schools with less money to and 13 private secondary spend on education. schools. Head Start is The Mexican government available to 35% of the 3-to mandates education through 5-year-olds in the Marshall sixth grade, but many children Islands. In 1999, 84% of have to work over education. elementary school age UNICEF reports that 84% of children and 69% of the children who begin primary secondary school age school reach grade five. children attended classes. PROGRESA is a program that Test scores reveal that the provides aid to the poorest of education system needs to the poor in Mexico by providing money for schooling costs such be improved. Though there as uniforms and textbooks as is a 19 to 1 ratio of students well as health care for the to teachers, the quality of children. These services are education is of great contingent on the childrens concern. Nearly half of the school attendance. teachers in the Marshall
Environmental Concerns/HealthMexico Marshall Islands Scarcity and pollution Inadequate supplies of of natural freshwater, potable water raw sewage and Pollution from household waste and industrial waste discharge from fishing polluting rivers in vessels urban areas, 2.5% GDP: Health deforestation expenditures are The government broadly defined as activities performed considers the lack of either by institutions or clean water and individuals through the deforestation national application of medical, security issues and/or nursing knowledge and Rural to urban technology, to promote, migration restore, or maintain health. (Rank
Medical AvailabilityMexico Marshall Islands Small, private systems Obtaining medicine is to universal health often a problem. insurance programs Hospitals have limited that are a mix of private, supplies and are often public, and employer out of the most basic of funding. medicines. Different levels of care Routine laboratory work at various levels of is available. quality. Simple dental work is $800 per person spent accessible. Checkups, of healthcare. cleaning, and x-rays but Seguro Popular - they are not up to U.S. standards. Families pay a premium to join based on their Optical care is very income. About 20 % of difficult to access.
Marshallese Housing StandardsHouses in the urban centers are simple wooden or cement-blockstructures, with corrugated iron roofs; because of the limited landavailability, houses are heavily crowded. In the outer atolls houses areconstructed of local materials, with thatched sloping roofs and sides ofplaited palm fronds. In 1999, there were about 6,478 households with anaverage of 7.8 people per household. About 90% of households relied onrain water as a primary water source, 39% of households had indoor flushtoilets, and 63% had access to electricity for lighting and/or cooking
Mexico Housing Standards A restricted availability of private territory, given that nearly 50% is still subject to a “common” ownership scheme (“ejido property”). The limited purchasing power of about 40% of all Mexican households, which earn less than $150 dollars per month and which, statistically, require an equivalent share of all housing needs. Substandard housing is more visible in urban areas. In virtually all urban areas, outlying squatter settlements are a major feature of the landscape. Rural migrants build makeshift housing, often of used or discarded materials, on unoccupied lands at the edges of cities. According to the National Water Commission (Conagua), 9.7 percent of the Mexican population still lacks access to piped water and 13.6 percent to sanitation.”
Cultural NormsMexico Marshall Islands Arriving person greets If raised in strong the others Marshall Islands culture, it is not polite Close extended family to point to or touch relationships another person’s Males as respected head providers Asking questions, Not as time oriented especially children, is as Americans considered rude Raise all eyebrows upward indicates agreement – “yes” Make a hissing sound to get someone’s
Interesting Facts: Mexico Marshall Islands Natural Resources: Natural Resources: Petroleum, silver, Coconut products, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber marine products, deep Ethnic Groups: Mestizo seabed minerals ( Amerindian-Spanish) Ethnic Groups: 60%, Amerindian 30%, Marshallese (92.1%), White 9%, Other 1% mixed Marshallese Religions: Catholic (5.9%), Other 2% 76.5%, Protestant (2006) 5.2%, Jehovah Religions: Protestant Witnesses 1.1%, Other 17% 54.8%, AOG 25.8%, Industry: Food and Catholic 8.4%, Mormon beverages, tobacco, 2.1%, Bukot nan Jesus iron and steel, 2.8%, Other 4.6%, petroleum, mining, None 1.5%
Works Citedwww.nationsencyclopedia.com/Asia-and-Oeania/Marshall-Islands- HOUSING.html#ixzz1psSthN2ghttp://https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world- factbook/geos/rm.htmlwww.census.gov/prod/2001pubs/c2kbr01-3.pdfhttp://www.wssinfo.org/fileadmin/user_upload/resources/MHL_wat.pdfhttp://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/379167/Mexico/27405/Housinghttp://cnnc.uncg.edu/pdfs/latinoshispanics.pdfhttp://www.jchs.harvard.edu/sites/jchs.harvard.edu/files/mexico_background.pdfhttp://marshall.csu.edu.au/Marshalls/html/PDF_downloads/OwnershipCulturalResources.pdfhttp://www.rmiembassyus.org/Culture.htmhttp://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/mexico_statistics.html