BY:

M.SOUJANYA
 3rd
BCCA
Introduction toIntroduction to
ParapsychologyParapsychology
Definition
 ESP(extra sensory perception)
 Kinds of ESP
 P...
ParapsychologyParapsychology
Para = “at the side of…”
Psychological phenomenon that goes
beyond the main area of psychol...
ParapsychologyParapsychology
ESP (extra sensory perception)
◦ Perception of objects or
events through means other
than th...
Kinds of ESPKinds of ESP
Precognition
◦ The ability to know about events before they
occur
Kinds of ESPKinds of ESP
Psychokinesis
◦ The ability to make objects
move by thinking of them as
moving
Kinds of ESPKinds of ESP
Telepathy
◦ The direct transmission of
thoughts or ideas from
person to person without
anything ...
Kinds of ESPKinds of ESP
Clairvoyance
◦ The ability to perceive objects
that are out of the range of
human senses
 i.e. ...
Testing ESP
“Because a good magician can do something
shouldn't make you right away jump to the
conclusion that it's a rea...
 Bem and Honorton’s Ganzfeld Studies
 Uri Geller
 J. B. Rhine
 Pearce-Pratt Series
Testing ESP
"Exteriorization of Sensitiveness."
A photograph of the sensitive was taken and the negative
was then held by ...
What the Skeptics Say
Most of the evidence for ESP is anecdotal and is dismissed by
skeptics as based on one or more of th...
 After thousands of experiments, a reproducible
ESP phenomenon has never been discovered, or
has anyone produced any indi...
U. S. National Research Council (1988)
A 2 year study concluded there was no
scientific justification from research condu...
ACKNOWLDGEMENT
• I am very thankful to Correspondent and also for
Mr.Prasad Sir, Ms. Nalini Madam,
• My special thanks to ...
Soujanya
Soujanya
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Soujanya

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Soujanya

  1. 1. BY:  M.SOUJANYA  3rd BCCA
  2. 2. Introduction toIntroduction to ParapsychologyParapsychology Definition  ESP(extra sensory perception)  Kinds of ESP  Precognition  Psychokinesis  Psychokinesis
  3. 3. ParapsychologyParapsychology Para = “at the side of…” Psychological phenomenon that goes beyond the main area of psychological knowledge and interest
  4. 4. ParapsychologyParapsychology ESP (extra sensory perception) ◦ Perception of objects or events through means other than the sensory organs
  5. 5. Kinds of ESPKinds of ESP Precognition ◦ The ability to know about events before they occur
  6. 6. Kinds of ESPKinds of ESP Psychokinesis ◦ The ability to make objects move by thinking of them as moving
  7. 7. Kinds of ESPKinds of ESP Telepathy ◦ The direct transmission of thoughts or ideas from person to person without anything being spoken or written down
  8. 8. Kinds of ESPKinds of ESP Clairvoyance ◦ The ability to perceive objects that are out of the range of human senses  i.e. – sensing the location of a missing child
  9. 9. Testing ESP “Because a good magician can do something shouldn't make you right away jump to the conclusion that it's a real phenomenon.” - Richard Feynman
  10. 10.  Bem and Honorton’s Ganzfeld Studies  Uri Geller  J. B. Rhine  Pearce-Pratt Series
  11. 11. Testing ESP "Exteriorization of Sensitiveness." A photograph of the sensitive was taken and the negative was then held by her a few moments. The operator, with a pin, scratched the hand on the negative. Instantly the sensitive ejaculated with pain, and a small red spot appeared on the back of her hand. This rapidly grew into the blister shown on the next slide.
  12. 12. What the Skeptics Say Most of the evidence for ESP is anecdotal and is dismissed by skeptics as based on one or more of the following: Incompetence or fraud by parapsychologists Cold reading Subjective validation Selective thinking and Confirmation bias Poor grasp of probabilities and of the law of truly large numbers Not falsifiable Gullibility, self-deception, and wishful thinking
  13. 13.  After thousands of experiments, a reproducible ESP phenomenon has never been discovered, or has anyone produced any individual who can convincingly demonstrate psychic ability.  A National Research Council investigation of ESP concluded that "the best available evidence does not support the contention that these phenomena exist.”
  14. 14. U. S. National Research Council (1988) A 2 year study concluded there was no scientific justification from research conducted over 130 years for the existence of parapsychological phenomena. “the best scientific evidence does not justify that ESP -that is, gathering information about objects or thoughts without the intervention of known sensory mechanisms- exists.”
  15. 15. ACKNOWLDGEMENT • I am very thankful to Correspondent and also for Mr.Prasad Sir, Ms. Nalini Madam, • My special thanks to my parents and my friends.

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