carlo vezzoli politecnico di milano  .  INDACO dpt.  .   DIS  .  faculty of design  .   Italy Learning Network on Sustaina...
CONTENTS A modular approach to system design for sustainability MEPSS Methodology’s phases System design for sustainabilit...
A NEW (POTENTIAL) ROLE FOR DESIGN: strategic skills promoting/facilitating system innovation for network-structured and lo...
<ul><li>SYSTEM INN. MAIN CHARACTERISTIC: </li></ul><ul><li>radical innovations, not so much technological ones, as  new in...
<ul><li>-  design an integrated system   of   products   and   services  fulfilling a particular demand for  “satisfaction...
…  in addition to system/strategic design methods/tools > CRITERIA, METHODS AND TOOLS ARE NEED TO ORIENTATE DESIGN TOWARDS...
DESIGN/DEVELOPMENT PHASES PRODUCT, SERVICE, SYSTEM product concept product design product engineering SUSTAINABILITY  METH...
few methods/tools developed to  orientate  system design towards  sustainable  solutions: [eu RESEARCHES: MEPSS, HICS, PRO...
MEPSS ME thodology for  P roduct- S ervice  S ystem   development EU, 5FP, growth : 5 PHASES  MODULAR  1. Strategic Analys...
<ul><li>1. Sustainability Design-Orienting toolkit (SDO) </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>2. system map </li></ul><...
<ul><li>USABLE WITH DIFFERENT LEVELS OF DETAILS IN PHASES 1, 2 AND   3 </li></ul><ul><li>1. Sustainability Design-Orientin...
1.   SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN-ORIENTING (SDO) TOOL SCOPE orientate system design process towards sustainable solutions (envir...
SDO integration in the design process per each sustainability dimension increasing the detail level A: priorities sustain....
<ul><li>SDO STRUCTURE: </li></ul><ul><li>SUSTAINAB ILITY  DIMENSIONS<CRITERIA<GUIDELINES </li></ul>environmental degradati...
ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA (GUIDELINES) to suggest system eco-efficent stakeholder innovative interactions . system life optim...
SOCIO-ETHIC  CRITERIA (GUIDELINES) to suggest system  social  equity and cohesion (innovative interactions) . improve empl...
A.   SUSTAINABILITY PRIORITIES DEFINITION for each critera evaluation  checklists 6   criteria 1.  for each sustainability...
B .   GENERATE “SUSTAINABLE IDEAS”  BY BRAINSTORMING criterion   and its  priorit y 2. read  guidelines   (criteria-relate...
C.1   CHECK CONCEPT’S IMPROVEMENTS evaluation helped by checklists   for each criteria for each given criteria 4.  define ...
C.2   VISUALISE CONCEPT IMPROVEMENTS concept  improvement   (e.g. ++ radical) priority  of existing system (e.g. Low) crit...
…  change sustainability dimension  (starting data/menù) s elect  socio-ethical  sustainability
GENERATE “SUSTAINABLE IDEAS”  BY BRAINSTORMING criteria   ( without  priority) 2. write emerged  ideas   (for criteria) re...
SDO integration in the design process per each sustainability dimension increasing the detail level A: priorities sustain....
SCOPE:   visualise (only)  key interaction   in relation to a specific aim (e.g. how the concept help achieve a given sust...
WHAT IT CONSISTS OF: It is a graphical representation containing: > the  sequence of slides   accompanied with  short text...
INTEGRATION IN THE DESIGN PROCESS   SYSTEM IDEA DEVELOPMENT   phase: the selected system idea is synthetically visualised ...
6.  INTERACTION (SUSTAINABILITY) STORY-SPOT GREEN COLOR: CLIENT  RED COLOR: PROVIDER
6.  INTERACTION (SUSTAINABILITY) STORY-SPOT BACKGROUND COLOR  SHORT TEXT  STAKEHOLDER IDENTIFICATION  IMAGE
6.  INTERACTION (SUSTAINABILITY) STORY-SPOT DESCRITPION OF A SPECIFIC INTERACTION THAT LEADS TOWARDS THE IMPROVEMENT OF A ...
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5.1 Sustainability Oriented System Design Methods And Tools Vezzoli 07 08 (28.10.08)

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Sustainability Oriented Systems

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5.1 Sustainability Oriented System Design Methods And Tools Vezzoli 07 08 (28.10.08)

  1. 1. carlo vezzoli politecnico di milano . INDACO dpt. . DIS . faculty of design . Italy Learning Network on Sustainability course System Design for Sustainability subject 5. Methods and tools for System Design for Sustainability learning resource 5.1 Sustainability-oriented system design methods and tools
  2. 2. CONTENTS A modular approach to system design for sustainability MEPSS Methodology’s phases System design for sustainability tools Sustainability Design-Orienting (SDO-mepss) Interaction (sustainability) story-spot
  3. 3. A NEW (POTENTIAL) ROLE FOR DESIGN: strategic skills promoting/facilitating system innovation for network-structured and locally-based eco-efficient and socially equitable and cohesive enterprise/initiatives
  4. 4. <ul><li>SYSTEM INN. MAIN CHARACTERISTIC: </li></ul><ul><li>radical innovations, not so much technological ones, as new interactions/partnerships between the stakeholders in the demand satisfaction system (life cycle/s) </li></ul><ul><li>innovations that could lead up to new convergences (with economic interest) between the stakeholders, characterized by system eco-efficiency </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>- design an integrated system of products and services fulfilling a particular demand for “satisfaction” </li></ul><ul><li>- promote/facilitate new socio-economic stakeholders’ interactions </li></ul><ul><li>- promote/facilitate participated design between different stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>- ORIENTATE THE ABOVE PROCESSES TOWARDS ECO-EFFICENT SOLUTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>- ORIENTATE THE ABOVE PROCESSES TOWARDS SOCIALLY EQUITABLE ( SOCIO-EFFICIENT ) SOLUTIONS </li></ul>… introducing system inn. in design for sustainability ... REQUIRES NEW (STRATEGIC) DESIGN SKILLS:
  6. 6. … in addition to system/strategic design methods/tools > CRITERIA, METHODS AND TOOLS ARE NEED TO ORIENTATE DESIGN TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE STAKEHOLDER INTERACTIONS [… NOT ALL SYSTEM INNOVATION ARE ECO-EFFICENT AND/OR SOCIALLY EQUITABLE!] ( OBJECTIVE) ORIENTATE THE SYSTEM DESIGN TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE SOLUTIONS
  7. 7. DESIGN/DEVELOPMENT PHASES PRODUCT, SERVICE, SYSTEM product concept product design product engineering SUSTAINABILITY METHODS/TOOLS SUASTAINAB. EFFECTIVENESS + _ service concept service design service engineering system d. system concept stakeholders interaction/ “ satisfaction” offer concept system e. existing/priorities evaluat. A concept orientation B concept evaluat.(priorities) C existing/priorities evaluat. A’ concept orientation B’ concept evaluat. (priorities) C’ execut. evaluat.(priorities) C’’ execut. evaluat. (priorities) A’’’ definitive orientation C’’’ executive orientation B’’ design orientation B’’’ concept evaluat.(priorità) A’’
  8. 8. few methods/tools developed to orientate system design towards sustainable solutions: [eu RESEARCHES: MEPSS, HICS, PROSECCO, …] METHODS/TOOLS
  9. 9. MEPSS ME thodology for P roduct- S ervice S ystem development EU, 5FP, growth : 5 PHASES MODULAR 1. Strategic Analysis 2. Exploring Opportunities 3. System Idea Development 4. System Design 5. System Implementat. MODULAR METHOD : 1. enabling to START up the process at any stage 2. enabling to use a SELECTED set of processes and tools building systemic understanding and priorities of the company’s market, organisation and production and value chain look at possible system innovation for the future, stimulating creativity and invite all stakeholders into a participatory creation process development of selected system innovation ideas to a more precise version, and selecting the most promising for further development detailed design of each system dimensions and the elaboration of the specification for its implementation implementation of the specification for its implementation
  10. 10. <ul><li>1. Sustainability Design-Orienting toolkit (SDO) </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>2. system map </li></ul><ul><li>3. interaction table (story-board) </li></ul><ul><li>4. offering diagram </li></ul><ul><li>5. ad poster </li></ul><ul><li>6. interaction (sustainability) story-spot </li></ul>SYSTEM DESIGN FOR SUSTAINABILITY TOOLS:
  11. 11. <ul><li>USABLE WITH DIFFERENT LEVELS OF DETAILS IN PHASES 1, 2 AND 3 </li></ul><ul><li>1. Sustainability Design-Orienting toolkit (SDO) </li></ul><ul><li>and </li></ul><ul><li>2. system map </li></ul><ul><li>3. offering diagram (AD poster) </li></ul><ul><li>4. interaction table (story-board) </li></ul><ul><li>5. interaction story-spot </li></ul>SDS TOOLS OVERVIEW WITHIN MEPSS PHASES (1, 2, 3): STR. ANALISYS SDO set priorities / existing system set priorities / case study priorities diagrams EXPLORING OPPORTUNITIES SDO guidelines level 1 system map offering diagram interaction table SYSTEM IDEA DEVELOPMENT SDO improvements diagram SDO guidelines level 2 SDO improvem. diagram system map offering diagram interaction table interaction story spot
  12. 12. 1. SUSTAINABILITY DESIGN-ORIENTING (SDO) TOOL SCOPE orientate system design process towards sustainable solutions (environmental, socio-ethical, economic) <ul><li>WHAT IS: </li></ul><ul><li>a modular software toolkit supporting the folloowing processes: </li></ul><ul><li>A: priorities sustainability criteria/guidelines (existing system analysis) </li></ul><ul><li>- B: identify sustainable existing options (best practices analysis) </li></ul><ul><li>- C: generate sustainability - focused idea </li></ul><ul><li>- D: check/visualise sustainability improvement/worsening of developed concept/s </li></ul>
  13. 13. SDO integration in the design process per each sustainability dimension increasing the detail level A: priorities sustain. criteria/guidelines [tool: checklist-existing system] B: analysis of sustainab. best practices [tool: checklist-case study/radars] C: sustainability - focused idea generat. [tool: idea tables/guidelines (l. 1, 2)] D:sustainab. improv. check/visualisat. [tool: checklist-concept/radars] STR. ANALISYS SDO set priorities / existing system set priorities / case study priorities diagrams EXPLORING OPPORTUNITIES SDO guidelines level 1 system map offering diagram interaction table SYSTEM IDEA DEVELOPMENT SDO improvements diagram SDO guidelines level 2 SDO improvem. diagram system map offering diagram interaction table interaction story spot
  14. 14. <ul><li>SDO STRUCTURE: </li></ul><ul><li>SUSTAINAB ILITY DIMENSIONS<CRITERIA<GUIDELINES </li></ul>environmental degradation future generation equity environmental <ul><li>guideline </li></ul><ul><li>(e.g. on-site production/assembly) </li></ul><ul><li>guideline </li></ul><ul><li>(e.g. use local resources) </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>socio-ethical economic criteria 1 (e.g. transportation reduction) criteria 2 (e.g. system life optim.) … criteria 3-6 … criteria 1-6 … criteria 1-6 sustainability principles dimensions distinguished area s criteria designer-BRIDGE-analyst guidelines (2 levels) addressing potential improvement <ul><li>… </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>
  15. 15. ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA (GUIDELINES) to suggest system eco-efficent stakeholder innovative interactions . system life optimisation . trasnportation/distribution reduction . resources reduction . waste minimizzation/valorisation . conservation/biocompatibility . toxic reduction
  16. 16. SOCIO-ETHIC CRITERIA (GUIDELINES) to suggest system social equity and cohesion (innovative interactions) . improve employment/working conditions . increase equity and justice in relation to stakeholders . enable responsible/sustainable consumption . favour/integrate the weak and marginalized . improve social cohesion . empower/enhance local resources
  17. 17. A. SUSTAINABILITY PRIORITIES DEFINITION for each critera evaluation checklists 6 criteria 1. for each sustainability dimension ( environm. ) 4. define priorities 2. click set priotities existing system 3. write answers 5. click on orientate concept
  18. 18. B . GENERATE “SUSTAINABLE IDEAS” BY BRAINSTORMING criterion and its priorit y 2. read guidelines (criteria-related) 1. select idea table (one per criterion) per each s u st a nibilit y dimension 3. type idea emerged
  19. 19. C.1 CHECK CONCEPT’S IMPROVEMENTS evaluation helped by checklists for each criteria for each given criteria 4. define improvement 1. for each sustainab. dimension 2. click on check concept 3. write improvem. 5. Radar env
  20. 20. C.2 VISUALISE CONCEPT IMPROVEMENTS concept improvement (e.g. ++ radical) priority of existing system (e.g. Low) criterion (sust. dimension) IMPROVEMENT… 1. type text describing improvement per each s u st a nibilit y dimension
  21. 21. … change sustainability dimension (starting data/menù) s elect socio-ethical sustainability
  22. 22. GENERATE “SUSTAINABLE IDEAS” BY BRAINSTORMING criteria ( without priority) 2. write emerged ideas (for criteria) read guidelines (for criteria) 1. click to choose criteria
  23. 23. SDO integration in the design process per each sustainability dimension increasing the detail level A: priorities sustain. criteria/guidelines [tool: checklist-existing system] B: analysis of sustainab. best practices [tool: checklist-case study/radars] C: sustainability - focused idea generat. [tool: idea tables/guidelines (l. 1, 2)] D:sustainab. improv. check/visualisat. [tool: checklist-concept/radars] STR. ANALISYS SDO set priorities / existing system set priorities / case study priorities diagrams EXPLORING OPPORTUNITIES SDO guidelines level 1 system map offering diagram interaction table SYSTEM IDEA DEVELOPMENT SDO improvements diagram SDO guidelines level 2 SDO improvem. diagram system map offering diagram interaction table interaction story spot
  24. 24. SCOPE: visualise (only) key interaction in relation to a specific aim (e.g. how the concept help achieve a given sustainability aim) WHAT IS: The interaction story-spot is a clipping from an interaction story-board. It covers less and focuses better than a storyboard 6. INTERACTION (SUSTAINABILITY) STORY-SPOT
  25. 25. WHAT IT CONSISTS OF: It is a graphical representation containing: > the sequence of slides accompanied with short texts , representing (in time) the key interactions of the solution set > differentiated colours to identify each stakeholder (e.g. provider and client) > possibilities to add notes to highlight main achieved goal 6. INTERACTION (SUSTAINABILITY) STORY-SPOT
  26. 26. INTEGRATION IN THE DESIGN PROCESS SYSTEM IDEA DEVELOPMENT phase: the selected system idea is synthetically visualised in a single snap-shot 6. INTERACTION (SUSTAINABILITY) STORY-SPOT
  27. 27. 6. INTERACTION (SUSTAINABILITY) STORY-SPOT GREEN COLOR: CLIENT RED COLOR: PROVIDER
  28. 28. 6. INTERACTION (SUSTAINABILITY) STORY-SPOT BACKGROUND COLOR SHORT TEXT STAKEHOLDER IDENTIFICATION IMAGE
  29. 29. 6. INTERACTION (SUSTAINABILITY) STORY-SPOT DESCRITPION OF A SPECIFIC INTERACTION THAT LEADS TOWARDS THE IMPROVEMENT OF A GIVEN ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA DESCRITPION OF A SPECIFIC INTERACTION THAT LEADS TOWARDS THE IMPROVEMENT OF A GIVEN SOCIO-ETHICAL CRITERIA

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