Push and Pull factorsPush PullWar Lack of freedomPoverty Political reasonsReligious intolerance Economic factors
WarWhen? 1919Event: First World WarCountry of destination: USA, CanadaHow many people? Over 100 000
WarWhen? 1945Event: Second World WarCountry of destination: Western Europe, North AmericaHow many people? 150 000
PovertyWhen? 1990Event: Democratic changesCountry of destination: Western Europe, USA, Canada, AustraliaHow many people? About 1 000 000
Religious intoleranceWhen? ХІV – ХVІІ centuryEvent: Ottoman yokeCountry of destination: Moldova, Romania, RussiaHow many people? 250 000When? 1989Reasons: political and ethnicCountry of destination: TurkeyHow many people? 200 000
Relative freedom and political reasonsWhen? after 1917Event: The Great Revolution in OctoberCountry of destination: BulgariaHow many people? 20 000 – 30 000When? from 1878 to 1944Event: the Liberation of BulgariaCountry of destination: MacedoniaCountry of destination: BulgariaHow many people? 250 000 – 300 000
Economic factorsWhen? after 2005Reasons: The different living standardCountry of destination: England, RussiaCountry of destination: BulgariaHow many people? 10 000
This project has been funded with support from theEuropean Commission.This presentation reflects the views only of the author,and the Commission cannot be held responsible for anyuse which may be made of the information containedtherein.