Music of BulgariaBulgarian music is part of the Balkan tradition,which stretches across Southeastern Europe,and has its own distinctive sound.Traditional Bulgarian music has hadmore international success, due tothe breakout international success of Le Mystèredes Voix Bulgares, a womans choir thathas topped world music charts across
Bulgarian vocals are said to be "open-throated", though this is somewhat of amisnomer. Singers actually focus their voices in a way that gives the sound adistinctive "edge", and makesthe voice carry over longdistances.
Bulgarian music uses a widerange of instruments. More modern styleinstruments are often usedin themore modern dance music that wasan offshoot of traditionalvillage music.
Gadoulka is a Slavonic stringed instrument without a fingerboard as it is in the current violin. Strings are not with one and the same length and the same height. The first string is the lowest, the second is longer and higher and the third is the highest. Usually gadoulkas have three of four strings. In some there are further, thinner metallic strings conforming to the tones, which are played on the instrument with fingers. The folk gadoulka player calls these strings under-sounds that make resonance.
The kaval is one of the most diffused musical folk instruments used very much from the Bulgarians long time ago still now. Its used in whole Bulgaria but specially in Thrace and Dobrudja. The technical construction of the kaval from all of the kinds is the same. They differ only in the length of the pipe.
The gaida is an instrument which is used from all European nations. Its composed from the following parts: gaidunitsa, ruchilo, duhalo, glavini and meh. Gaidunitsa is the most important part of the gaida and is a kind a pipe with eight holes for thefingers, seven of them which are on the front side and the eight hole is on the back side of the pipe.
The tapan which is used inBulgaria has elementary structure.His body and hoops are wooden and the tighten of the skins is madewith strings. It has really smalldiameter (from 50 to 60 cm).The tapan is beaten form the one sidewith a big wooden kiyak and from the other side - with a thin osier,with which is played the partof the small drum, which theBulgarians dont use in the folk music.
The tamboura in comparisonwith the other musicalfolk instruments is not sodiffused as gadoulka.There are tamburas with the different extent veryoften in the region of Raslog, Gotse Delchev and others.All tambouras strings are metallicwith one and same thicknessand are puled with a plectrum,which often is called withthe Turkish name "tesane".There are tambouras with two, three, six and eight strings andother with twelve.
General Secondary School “Hristo Botev” - AytosThis project has been funded with support from the European Commission.This presentation reflects the views only ofthe author, and the Commission cannot beheld responsible for any use which may bemade of the information contained therein.