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Information Literacy And Digital Literacy: Life Long Learning Initiatives


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Lecture presented at PAARL's National Summer Conference on the theme “Finding the Library’s Place in the 2.0 Environment” to be held in Puerto Princesa City, Palawan, Philippines on April 23-25, 2008

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Information Literacy And Digital Literacy: Life Long Learning Initiatives

  1. 1. Information Literacy and Digital Literacy Life-long Learning Initiatives with Librarians in the Frontline
  2. 2. This presentation will answer… <ul><li>What is information literacy, digital literacy, 21 st century literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Why librarians are refocusing on digital literacy as the 21 st century libraries </li></ul><ul><li>What is Web 2.0 and Library 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>How Web.20 and Library 2.0 skills can be integrated into IL programs </li></ul><ul><li>How do we learn to improve our library services using Web 2.0 and Library 2.0 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Literacy meanings <ul><li>Able to read and write </li></ul><ul><li>Literacy is deliberately taught and consciously and deliberately learned </li></ul><ul><li>ability to read and write impacts considerably on a person's potential to communicate and learn </li></ul>
  4. 4. Information literacy defined… <ul><li>“ the ability to access and evaluate information effectively for problem solving and decision making ” </li></ul><ul><li>Information literate people know how to be lifelong learners in an information society . </li></ul><ul><li>They recognize when information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate and use effectively the information needed </li></ul><ul><li>Information literate people are those who have learned how to learn . They know how to learn because they know how information is organized, how to find it, how to use information in such a way that others can learn from them. </li></ul>
  5. 5. An information literate person … <ul><li>recognizes the need for information </li></ul><ul><li>recognizes that accurate and complete information is the basis for intelligent decision- making </li></ul><ul><li>identifies potential sources of information </li></ul><ul><li>develops successful search strategies </li></ul><ul><li>accesses sources of information , including computer-based and other technologies </li></ul><ul><li>evaluates, organizes, and integrates information for practical application </li></ul><ul><li>uses information in critical thinking and problem solving </li></ul>
  6. 6. Information literacy <ul><li>now the avowed objective of most library user education program </li></ul><ul><li>is an expansion of instruction as to objectives, materials, and methods </li></ul><ul><li>has evolved in the way that instruction evolved from library orientation into bibliographic instruction </li></ul><ul><li>encompasses the entire world of information seeking to prepare people to pursue the concept of lifelong learning </li></ul><ul><li>extends its objectives to teaching information-seeking skills to all ages and at all times </li></ul><ul><li>prepares people to use information effectively in any situation </li></ul>
  7. 8. Information Literacy as applied in Library Instruction… <ul><li>Stand-alone courses </li></ul><ul><li>Online tutorials (such as using the OPAC, online searching, citing websites, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Workbooks ( to help students become independent users of information ) </li></ul><ul><li>Course-related instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Course-integrated instruction </li></ul>
  8. 9. Today’s concept of literacy… <ul><li>21st century literacy is the set of abilities and skills where aural , visual and digital literacy overlap </li></ul><ul><li>includes the ability to understand the power of images and sounds, to recognize and use that power, to manipulate and transform digital media, to distribute them pervasively, and to easily adapt them to new forms </li></ul>
  9. 10. Today’s concept of literacy… <ul><li>L iteracy is actually comprised of four elements: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Digital-Age Literacy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inventive Thinking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Effective Communication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>High Productivity </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 12. Visual literacy <ul><li>“ to understand and use images, including the ability to think, learn and express oneself in terms of images” [Braden & Hortin, 1982] </li></ul><ul><li>ability to understand and use visual images in our daily lives </li></ul>
  11. 13. Media literacy <ul><li>ability to recognize the influence of television, film, radio, recorded music, newspapers, and other media </li></ul><ul><li>ability to use various media to access , analyze and produce information for specific outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>a media literate person can decode, evaluate, analyze and produce both print and electronic media </li></ul>
  12. 14. Computer literacy <ul><li>To know/understand how to use a PC </li></ul><ul><li>ability to create and manipulate documents and data via word processing, spreadsheets, databases and other software applications </li></ul><ul><li>NOT about the ability to write computer programs </li></ul>
  13. 15. Network literacy <ul><li>“ to understand the systems by which networked information is generated, managed and made available” </li></ul>
  14. 16. Then what is digital literacy <ul><li>What are its defining characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>How do they differ from traditional views of literacy </li></ul><ul><li>Basic elements – digital media and internet connectivity </li></ul><ul><li>What is a Web 2.0 environment </li></ul><ul><li>What is a Library 2.0 initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Why do librarians need to learn more </li></ul>
  15. 17. Defining “digital literacy” <ul><li>Digital literacy is the “ability to understand and use information in multiple formats from a wide range of sources when it is presented via computers” </li></ul><ul><li>(from Paul Gilster, Digital Literacy, New York: Wiley and Computer Publishing, 1997, p.1) </li></ul>
  16. 18. Digital Literacy… <ul><li>being able to access the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>find, manage and edit digital information </li></ul><ul><li>join in communications </li></ul><ul><li>and otherwise engage with an online information and communications network </li></ul>
  17. 19. Why focus on digital literacy <ul><li>in reality, digital literacy is a 21st century skill </li></ul><ul><li>educators may need to rethink the ways that we conceptualize learning and literacy </li></ul><ul><li>we employ technology to make difficult and challenging things so enticing and engaging that learners will be hooked and believe the tasks are worthy of effort </li></ul><ul><li>it is important to take advantage of the educational potential of these tools </li></ul><ul><li>digital technology is part of the culture </li></ul>
  18. 20. What is WEB 2.0 <ul><li>“ The phrase Web 2.0 was created by O'Reilly Media to refer to a supposed second generation of Internet-based services that let people collaborate and share information online in a new way—such as social networking sites, wikis, communication tools, and folksonomies…” </li></ul><ul><li>from Wikipedia </li></ul>
  19. 21. Web 2.0 Environment <ul><li>to create and publish digital media to the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>to contribute, share/collaborate via </li></ul><ul><li>text (blogs, wikis) </li></ul><ul><li>audio (podcasts) </li></ul><ul><li>video (Youtube) </li></ul><ul><li>to connect/converse/distribute in an open networked learning </li></ul>
  20. 22. Learning in the Web 2.0 World <ul><li>Graphic literacy – thinking visually </li></ul><ul><li>Navigation – developing a sense of Internet geography </li></ul><ul><li>Context – seeing the connections </li></ul><ul><li>Focus – practicing reflection and deep thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Skepticism – learning to evaluate information </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical behavior – understanding the rules of cyberspace </li></ul>
  21. 23. Learning Web 2.0 <ul><li>Over half of online teens are creating content </li></ul><ul><li>33% share own creations online (e.g. artwork , photos, stories, videos) </li></ul><ul><li>32% created or worked on webpages/blogs for others </li></ul><ul><li>22% maintain personal webpages </li></ul><ul><li>19% have created their own blogs </li></ul><ul><li>19% remix online content to make artistic creation </li></ul><ul><li>13% of 12-17 yr olds never use the internet </li></ul><ul><li>(underserved areas) </li></ul><ul><li>(From Pew Internet survey of 12-17 yr old internet users, 2005) </li></ul>
  22. 24. Web environment can be used as a vehicle… <ul><li>To represent learners' ideas, understandings, and beliefs </li></ul><ul><li>To produce organized, multimedia knowledge bases by learners </li></ul><ul><li>To access needed information </li></ul><ul><li>To compare perspectives, beliefs, and world views </li></ul><ul><li>To represent beliefs, perspectives, arguments, and stories of others </li></ul><ul><li>To collaborate with others </li></ul><ul><li>To build consensus among members of a community </li></ul><ul><li>To help learners articulate and represent what they know, reflecting on what they have learned </li></ul>
  23. 25. Web 2.0 Environment <ul><li>provides online tools so users can interact , enhance, and create information </li></ul><ul><li>and then communicate the results to a real audience </li></ul><ul><li>within this growing collection of emerging web- based tools, exist free applications that are very similar in function to common desktop software which are used through our browsers rather than installed on our computer desktops </li></ul><ul><li>also, there are tools considered important to the social networking aspect that include more interactive components, such as blogs, wikis, photo and video sharing sites, etc. </li></ul>
  24. 26. What is Social Software? <ul><li>a range of web-based software programs that allow users to interact and share data with other users </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 tools are: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Participatory </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Collaborative </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to use </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Create community environments – because they create online communities </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 28. Library 2.0 and Web 2.0 <ul><li>Making use of web 2.0 tools to market and promote library services </li></ul><ul><li>How Web.20 applications can be integrated into the library’s IL programs </li></ul><ul><li>How to make the library’s space (virtual and physical) more interactive, collaborative, and driven by community needs </li></ul>
  26. 29. Defining Library 2.0 <ul><li>a model for library service that reflects a transition in the way services are delivered to library users </li></ul><ul><li>concept borrows from Web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><li>especially evident in electronic offerings such as OPAC configuration, online library services, and an increased flow of information from the user back to the library </li></ul>
  27. 30. Web 2.0 social tools <ul><li>IM (Instant Messaging) </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Podcasts and podcasting </li></ul><ul><li>Wikis </li></ul><ul><li>Social bookmarking </li></ul><ul><li>Media Sharing </li></ul><ul><li>Social networking </li></ul><ul><li>Subject guides </li></ul>
  28. 31. Computer-mediated Communication (Tools for online communication) <ul><li>one-to-one dialogue with an identified interlocutor (electronic mail) </li></ul><ul><li>one-to-many dialogue with identified interlocutors (listserv or bulletin board) </li></ul><ul><li>postings to the Internet (via wikis and weblogs) </li></ul><ul><li>joint composition </li></ul><ul><li>anonymous dialogue (real-time chat) </li></ul><ul><li>Instant Messaging (IM) and text-based communication (texting) </li></ul>
  29. 32. Uses of IM <ul><li>Serves as great tool for quick and personalized reference services </li></ul><ul><li>For staff communication </li></ul><ul><li>As vehicle for online text chat during remote meetings </li></ul>
  30. 33. IM + Text for Virtual Reference
  31. 34. Blogs <ul><li>short for web logs, are like online journals wherein the ”blogger” (or owner) will post a message periodically, allowing others to comment </li></ul><ul><li>offer excellent opportunities for sharing and focusing on a particular subject or issues </li></ul><ul><li>a venue for writing and peer editing and sharing, posting articles, stories, illustrated books, and opinions on current events, personal experiences, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>teachers use blogs to encourage students to think deeply about issues </li></ul><ul><li>libraries use blogs as news vehicles, venues for staff communication, and to support library instruction, and as a forum for peers/colleagues to express opinions on library issues and concerns </li></ul>
  32. 35. Blogs as Library News Vehicles
  33. 36. Blogs as Subject Resources
  34. 37. Blogs to Support Library Instruction
  35. 38. Blogs for Staff Communication
  36. 39. Podcasts or vodcasts <ul><ul><li>derived from the terms iPod and broadcast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a collection of digital media files distributed over the Internet, often using syndication feeds, for playback on portable media players, mobile devices and personal computers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>allows anyone to distribute these multimedia files such as music or speech over the Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Video content is now often referred to as a vodcasts </li></ul></ul>
  37. 40. Uses of podcasts <ul><li>for distribution of recorded school lessons </li></ul><ul><li>can be a tool for teachers or administrators to communicate curriculum, assignments and other information </li></ul><ul><li>teachers encourage students to create podcasts for presentations, news programs, and to develop presentation skills </li></ul><ul><li>for official and unofficial audio tours of museums </li></ul><ul><li>conference meeting alerts and updates </li></ul>
  38. 41. Wikis <ul><li>a web page that is accessible to anyone with a Web browser and </li></ul><ul><li>an Internet connection </li></ul><ul><li>allows readers to collaborate with others in writing it and add, edit, and change the web page’s content, </li></ul><ul><li>making it a tool for collaboration </li></ul>
  39. 42. Uses of Wikis in Libraries <ul><li>Library Websites </li></ul><ul><li>- USC Aiken Gregg Graniteville Library Wiki Webpage </li></ul><ul><li>Intranets </li></ul><ul><li>- University of Minnesota Libraries Staff Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Training tools or course instruction </li></ul><ul><li>- Antioch University New England Library Staff Training and Support Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>- Library Instruction Wiki (developed by Oregon Library Association) </li></ul>
  40. 43. Wikis as Library Web Sites
  41. 44. Wikis as Intranets
  42. 45. Wikis as Training Tools
  43. 46. Uses of Wikis in Libraries <ul><li>Library team projects for event planning </li></ul><ul><li>- ALA 2007 Annual Conference Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Subject Guides </li></ul><ul><li>- Ohio University Libraries Biz Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Resource reviews collections </li></ul><ul><li>- Butler University Libraries WikiRef </li></ul><ul><li>For Best Practices </li></ul><ul><li>- Library Success: A Best Practices Wiki </li></ul><ul><li>Encyclopedic works </li></ul><ul><li>- Wikipedia - WikiHow (a how-to-manual that u can edit) </li></ul><ul><li>- WikiPilipinas, WikiFilipino </li></ul>
  44. 47. Wikis for Event Planning
  45. 48. Wikis as Subject Guides
  46. 49. Wikis as Resource Reviews Collections
  47. 50. Wikis for Best Practices
  48. 51. Wikis as encyclopedic works…
  49. 53. Social Bookmarking Tools <ul><li>An online space to save “favorites” or “bookmarks” for others to share and view </li></ul><ul><li>Useful for recommended resource collections, subject guides and class reading lists </li></ul><ul><li>May also be used for keeping current by using a account </li></ul>
  50. 54. Social Bookmarking Tools
  51. 55. Social Bookmarks as Recommended Resources
  52. 56. Social Bookmarks in Subject Guides
  53. 57. Social Bookmarks in Subject Guides
  54. 58. Social Bookmarking for Class Reading Lists
  55. 59. Social Bookmarking for Keeping Current
  56. 60. Uses of Media-sharing tools <ul><li>For digital collections management especially for historical collections </li></ul><ul><li>Online exhibits </li></ul><ul><li>As training modules </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching as instructional aids </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing and promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Library and museum tours </li></ul>
  57. 61. Video-sharing <ul><li>refers to websites or software where a user can distribute their video clips </li></ul><ul><li>many sites place restrictions on the file size , duration, subject matter and format of the uploaded video file </li></ul><ul><li>users may upload video clips on video-sharing sites and invite friends to view them </li></ul><ul><li>users can add descriptive notes and tags to each photo, and viewers can leave comments, notes, and tags as well </li></ul><ul><li>tags are searchable so it’s easier to find related videos </li></ul><ul><li>videos maybe for public and private viewing </li></ul><ul><li> Example: YouTube, Yahoo!Video, Myspace, Myvideo, Google Video </li></ul>
  58. 62. Video-sharing for Instruction
  59. 63. Video-sharing for Library Orientation at YouTube
  60. 64. Video-sharing for Library Tours at YouTube
  61. 65. Photo-sharing <ul><li>free online photo management and sharing applications </li></ul><ul><li>Instead of sending photos from desktops and cell phones to friends and family via email, people can post them online and invite friends to view them in online albums or slideshows </li></ul><ul><li>can add notes and tags to each photo, and viewers can leave comments, notes, and tags as well </li></ul><ul><li>tags are searchable so it’s easier to find related photos later </li></ul><ul><li>photos are secure and may be for private/public viewing </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Flickr, Photobucket, Picasa </li></ul>
  62. 67. Library News on Flickr
  63. 68. Photo-sharing for Historical Collections at Flickr
  64. 69. Social Networks <ul><li>Online social hubs where people can gather and feel a sense of community and belonging </li></ul><ul><li>Environments to find like-minded people </li></ul><ul><li>Great tools for : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Portals </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Networking </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marketing </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Outreach </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Branding </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  65. 70. Social Networks as Library Portals
  66. 71. Social Networks for Promotion
  67. 72. Social Networks for Outreach
  68. 73. Social Networks for Catalog Search
  69. 74. Social Networks for Database Search
  70. 75. Social Networks for Professional Networking
  71. 76. Subject Guides Tools <ul><li>Great tools for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject guides </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pathfinders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How-to guides </li></ul></ul>Social Tools to create interactive subject guides Multimedia & Multiformat
  72. 77. Subject Guides as Research Guides
  73. 78. Some Web 2.0 sites <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>LibraryThing </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>Flickr </li></ul><ul><li>YouTube </li></ul><ul><li>MySpace </li></ul><ul><li>FaceBook </li></ul><ul><li>LinkedIn </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  74. 84. Library 2.0 service <ul><li>What makes a service Library 2.0? </li></ul><ul><li>Any service, physical or virtual, that successfully reaches users, is evaluated frequently, and makes use of customer input is a Library 2.0 service. </li></ul>
  75. 85. <ul><li>three approaches: </li></ul><ul><li>reaching out to new users </li></ul><ul><li>inviting customer participation </li></ul><ul><li>relying on constant change. </li></ul><ul><li>three attitudes: </li></ul><ul><li>a willingness to change and try new things </li></ul><ul><li>a willingness to constantly re-evaluate library services </li></ul><ul><li>a willingness to look outside our own world for solutions </li></ul>A service philosophy based on…
  76. 86. Library 2.0 concepts <ul><li>Creating experiences for users </li></ul><ul><li>Providing a meeting place </li></ul><ul><li>Being human – understanding users and getting closer to the user </li></ul><ul><li>User generated content </li></ul><ul><li>Radical trust </li></ul><ul><li>Recognizing staff competence </li></ul><ul><li>Community of users and staff </li></ul>
  77. 87. Library 2.0 environment
  78. 89. Academic Library 2.0 Concept
  79. 91. More Library 2.0 initiatives… <ul><li>text messaging service ( SMS for short message service ) to enhance reference services </li></ul><ul><li>IM can provide an interactive help from a Librarian using an online instant messenger service </li></ul><ul><li>providing access to top-quality databases, downloadable audiobooks, video and music, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>optimizing Library Web sites for mobile devices </li></ul>
  80. 92. More Library 2.0 initiatives… <ul><li>Blogs and wikis are ways to engage customers and push fresh content to users. Temple University Library, Philadelphia, uses its blog to provide a place for news, events, and discussion </li></ul><ul><li>Allowing patrons to comment, write reviews, create their own tags and share them with others through a more versatile OPAC interface to enhance the catalog </li></ul>
  81. 93. Library 2.0 Initiatives in Academic Libraries edited by Laura B. Cohen @2008 <ul><li>a hybrid book and wiki presenting 12 case studies of significant Library 2.0 initiatives in academic libraries </li></ul><ul><li>these include varied uses of networked social software and open data formats to add value to and distribute library resources and services. </li></ul><ul><li>Other cases describe 2.0 ways of pedagogy, the provision of services in physical and online spaces where students congregate, online catalog enhancements, and the creation of feature-rich interfaces for accessing digital research collections. </li></ul><ul><li>The authors describe the use of such tools as blogs, wikis, podcasts, IM, RSS, XML, Web services, mashups, and social computing to illustrate their efforts to forge new models of scholarly communication in academic environments </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$35 179 pages ALA Bookstore </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  82. 94. Participatory Library Service “ Library 2.0 is about change. It’s about making change in your organization easy and routine. Its about updating services we offer and creating new services that will reach out to community members who do not yet use our great facilities and offerings. Library 2.0 seeks to bring staff on board and include them in decision-making processes… “It is important to remember that changing your organization structure cannot happen overnight. You also need staff, administrators, and possibly members of the governing board to buy into the organizational changes. Although this can be difficult to deal with, it can be done. It may take months to years for your organization to run smoothly under the Library 2.0 model. One thing to consider is, are you really running smoothly now? Is it worth a try to make your library more appealing and useful for your users?”
  83. 95. “ no matter how small and narrow your subject is, it is very likely that you can find something written on it in - the library”. What constitutes a 21 st library?
  84. 96. Thank you for listening! You can get in touch with me at my Facebook Account – Fe Angela Verzosa – and PAARL –