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Minimalism

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Dissatisfaction with Minimalism and the development of Unification Grammars. It's complex but you'll get it if you practice.

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Minimalism

  1. 1. The Minimalist Program
  2. 2. Chomsky’s theories of language
  3. 3. Revolutionized Linguistics
  4. 4. X-bar theory
  5. 5. Binding
  6. 6. Language and the brain
  7. 7. New ways of thinking about language
  8. 8. Language is a special system
  9. 9. Language is innate
  10. 10. Very interesting ideas
  11. 11. The innateness hypothesis • Language depends on a SEPARATE system in the brain • The Language Faculty (the Language Module) • We are BORN with Universal Grammar in our brains!
  12. 12. It’s an interesting idea
  13. 13. But it’s still just an idea
  14. 14. Children practice speaking a lot!
  15. 15. 10,000 hours by the time they are 6
  16. 16. That’s a lot of practice!
  17. 17. Do we need a Language Faculty?
  18. 18. Maybe – but it’s NOT conclusive
  19. 19. And many people didn’t agree
  20. 20. Many didn’t like Chomsky’s ideas about meaning?
  21. 21. Syntax is AUTONOMOUS!
  22. 22. Syntax is SEPARATE from meaning!?
  23. 23. Why should we believe that?
  24. 24. Isn’t binding about meaning?
  25. 25. Lakoff said that language is connected to the body
  26. 26. How can it be a separate system?
  27. 27. Chomsky’s big claims • Syntax is separate from meaning • Many people disagreed • Language is separate in the mind • Many people didn’t agree • But THEN …
  28. 28. The Minimalist Program
  29. 29. Chomsky’s NEW idea
  30. 30. Not ONLY is syntax separate
  31. 31. Not ONLY is language separate
  32. 32. Language is the perfect design!!
  33. 33. Wait!
  34. 34. The perfect design!
  35. 35. How do you know?!
  36. 36. How COULD we know!
  37. 37. Lots of people found this difficult to believe
  38. 38. Why SHOULD language have a PERFECT design?
  39. 39. Where’s the proof?
  40. 40. We’re still waiting
  41. 41. Around this time …
  42. 42. Unification grammars were improving
  43. 43. Maybe there IS no language faculty
  44. 44. Who cares?
  45. 45. Maybe grammar and meaning work together
  46. 46. We can do that
  47. 47. Grammar and meaning IN words!
  48. 48. Maybe there’s no movement
  49. 49. We don’t need movement
  50. 50. Pattern-matching instead
  51. 51. So what’s the problem?
  52. 52. Unification grammars
  53. 53. Complex feature structures
  54. 54. Very complex
  55. 55. Very, very COMPLEX
  56. 56. So pattern-matching is simple
  57. 57. Animals can match patterns, can’t they?
  58. 58. But the patterns are COMPLEX
  59. 59. So how does this work?
  60. 60. Agreement
  61. 61. Information contained in words
  62. 62. How does the information match?
  63. 63. Words attract certain other words
  64. 64. And repel others
  65. 65. Imagine this is our mental lexicon
  66. 66. Information about words – in our heads
  67. 67. Walks: wants a 3rd person singular noun phrase
  68. 68. Walk: really DOESN’T WANT a 3rd person singular noun phrase
  69. 69. It seems natural that this information matches
  70. 70. The information is shared
  71. 71. Features are matched
  72. 72. Chomsky needs information in the lexicon
  73. 73. And he needs the information to match
  74. 74. But he ALSO needs movement of features
  75. 75. Unification grammars just unify the information
  76. 76. No movement
  77. 77. Grammatical info and meaning info
  78. 78. [She] is 3rd, sing, fem
  79. 79. Walks takes a subject that is 3rd, sing
  80. 80. The CONT (meaning) of [walks]
  81. 81. … matches the meaning of the subject
  82. 82. This information is in the lexicon
  83. 83. When the words [she] and [walks] combine …
  84. 84. … the information MATCHES
  85. 85. The CONTENT information in the subject …
  86. 86. … matches with the CONTENT information in the verb
  87. 87. The same information appears in new places
  88. 88. What about the purple [3]?
  89. 89. Rule: the content of a phrase = the content of the head
  90. 90. It kind of LOOKS like movement
  91. 91. But it’s really information MATCHING
  92. 92. The CONTENT is carried up the HEAD (it’s a rule)
  93. 93. So the purple [3] looks like it moves
  94. 94. But it’s just feature sharing (matching)
  95. 95. I know … it’s complex
  96. 96. Lots of information
  97. 97. But if you practice a little
  98. 98. You’ll get used to it
  99. 99. We WILL practice
  100. 100. … the information MATCHES
  • RoyaArabi1

    Oct. 27, 2017
  • mudasargrt

    Apr. 30, 2017

Dissatisfaction with Minimalism and the development of Unification Grammars. It's complex but you'll get it if you practice.

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