2 Bachillerato Review 1st Term

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2 Bachillerato Review 1st Term

  1. 1. Altair school Madrid 2 BACHILLERATO FIRST TERM REVIEW
  2. 2. FRONTING <ul><li>Can you spot the difference? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The balloon went up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Up went the balloon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It went up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Up it went </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Is the subject a pronoun or not??? <ul><li>The balloon went up </li></ul><ul><li>Up went the balloon FRONTING </li></ul><ul><li>It went up </li></ul><ul><li>Up it went FRONTING </li></ul>
  4. 4. INVERSION <ul><li>What is the difference???? </li></ul><ul><li>A.I have never seen anything so awe-inspiring </li></ul><ul><li>B.Never have I seen anything so awe-inspiring </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>I have never seen anything so awe-inspiring </li></ul><ul><li>Never have I seen anything so awe-inspiring (INVERSION) </li></ul><ul><li>ADVERBIAL + AUXILIARY + SUBJECT + VERB </li></ul>
  6. 6. Have a go! <ul><li>It is not only one of the oldest cities on Earth, but also one of the most awe-inspiring </li></ul><ul><li>Not only is it one of the oldest cities on Earth, but also one of the most awe-inspiring </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>As soon as the team arrived, it started to rain </li></ul><ul><li>No sooner did the team arrive than it started to rain </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>He could not pronounce a word </li></ul><ul><li>Not a word could he pronounce </li></ul><ul><li>You won´t be allowed to complain on any account </li></ul><ul><li>On no account will you be allowed to complain </li></ul>
  9. 9. Inversion with conditional sentences <ul><li>If she had made a wish, it would have come true </li></ul><ul><li>Had she made a wish, it would have come true </li></ul>
  10. 10. Conditional sentences <ul><li>Zero </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you mix red and blue, you get mauve </li></ul></ul><ul><li>First </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If I find her address, I will send her an invitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I won´t send her an invitation unless I find her address </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Second </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If a genie granted me three wishes, I would choose… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Third </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If I had not had an alarm installed, my house would have been Broken into </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Conditional Sentences (form) if clause main clause 1.Simple present 2.Simple Past 3.Past perfect M. Past simple M. Past perfect will + infinitive would + infinitive could + infinitive might + infinitive would have + past part Would have + past part Would + V Would be +Ving
  12. 12. What is backshifting? <ul><ul><li>Reason (if) consequence/result past/pr perfect- past perfect past would have +past p </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reason (if) consequence/result </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>present- past present would + verb </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Backshifting for conditional sentences <ul><li>I didn´t have time to go shoppping so I didn´t buy any souvenier </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If I had had time to go shopping, I would have bought souveniers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>I didn´t take an aspirin, so I have a splitting headache now </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If I had taken an aspirin, I would not have a splitting headache now </li></ul></ul><ul><li>I am so forgetful… That is why I forgot your birthday </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If I was/were not so forgetful, I would not have forgotten your birthday </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Wishes and regrets
  15. 15. Wish. Spot the difference: <ul><li>a.I wish to announce that you will be invited to the ball </li></ul><ul><li>- aim/intend to do sth. Formal situations (often in writing) </li></ul><ul><li>b.I wish/If only I were taller </li></ul><ul><li>- You make a wish for the present/future: S.PAST! </li></ul><ul><li>c.I wish/If only I had not said that. It was so embarrasing! </li></ul><ul><li>-You wish things in the past had been different: PAST PERFECT! </li></ul>
  16. 16. Regret. Spot the difference <ul><li>A.I regret to tell you that you have failed the exam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I am telling you the sad news. Poor you! I am sorry about it! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>B.I regret telling/having told her that she failed the exam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I wish I had not told her that </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regret + (not) + Ving/having +past part </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. All of it together! <ul><li>I failed my exam… </li></ul><ul><li>I wish… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I had not failed my exam </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They can´t speak French… </li></ul><ul><li>They wish… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>they could speak French </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They didn´t see the film, so they can´t tell me anything about it </li></ul><ul><li>Had they… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>seen the film, they could tell me everything about it </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The snow came down </li></ul><ul><li>Down… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>came the snow </li></ul></ul><ul><li>He was only able to arrive on time by taking a taxi </li></ul><ul><li>Only… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>by taking a taxi was he able to arrive on time </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>The weather is improving, or so it seems </li></ul><ul><li>The weather… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seems to be improving </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The days when my heart was young are gone </li></ul><ul><li>Gone… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Are the days when my heart was young </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The witch lived in the dark house </li></ul><ul><li>In the dark house… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lived the witch </li></ul></ul><ul><li>I got angry at him </li></ul><ul><li>I regret…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Getting/having got angry at him </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>The cat lay down </li></ul><ul><li>Down… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lay the cat </li></ul></ul><ul><li>He ran across the field </li></ul><ul><li>Across the field… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>he ran </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why on earth did I leave my password at home? </li></ul><ul><li>If only… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I had not left my password at home </li></ul></ul><ul><li>I realized how much I loved him after he had left me </li></ul><ul><li>Only after… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>he had left me did I realize how much I loved him </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Vocabulary
  21. 21. Find the odd one out in these groups of words <ul><li>Vibrant, delerict, colourful, lively </li></ul><ul><ul><li>delerict </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hawkers, buskers, eateries, vendors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eateries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In a nutshell, talk shop, briefly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Talk shop </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Salad dressing, crunchy biscuits, elaborate dishes, clogged water ways </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clogged water ways </li></ul></ul><ul><li>thriving, pricey, clench </li></ul><ul><ul><li>clench </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Butt in, interrupt, talk back to someone, get a word in edgewise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>talk back to someone </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. How would you describe it? Grubby Awe-inspiring Stunning Clogged Soaring Derelict Bustling Relaxing In-your-face Tacky Exhilarating Tasteless Tasteful Polluted Deserted
  23. 23. How would you define this conversation?
  24. 24. Do you want to make a wish…?
  25. 25. The end… Don´t regret not having revised!

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